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Grade 3: Social Studies Content Skills

Content Standard 3: The student will examine Oklahoma's geography and how people of Oklahoma interact with their environment.

  1. The student will examine Oklahoma’s political and physical features using text features and search tools. (CCRIT 5)
    1. Distinguish among map symbols and identify relative location, direction, scale, size and shape using physical and political maps of Oklahoma including the use of latitude and longitude.
    2. Interpret thematic maps of Oklahoma with the essential map elements of title, legend, scale and directional indicators.
    3. Identify Oklahoma’s major landforms and bodies of water on a physical map including Arbuckle Mountains, Ozark Plateau, Wichita Mountains, Kiamichi Mountains, Black Mesa, Red River, Canadian River, Arkansas River, Lake Texoma, Lake Eufaula, Lake Tenkiller, Grand Lake of the Cherokees, and the Great Salt Plains.
    4. Identify Oklahoma’s major metropolitan centers and cities on a political map including Oklahoma City, Tulsa, Lawton, Stillwater, Norman, Muskogee, Woodward, McAlester, and Ponca City.
    5. Describe the climate and various natural vegetation zones found in Oklahoma including the Great Plains and the Cross Timbers.
  1. The student will examine through short research projects the interaction of the environment and the peoples of Oklahoma. (CCW 7)
    1. Describe how early Native Americans used Oklahoma’s natural resources to survive including the use of the bison, fur trading, and farming.
    2. Describe how pioneers to Oklahoma adapted to and modified their environment including sod houses, wind mills, and crops.
    3. Summarize how contemporary Oklahomans affect and change their environments including the McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System, creation of recreational lakes by the construction of dams, irrigation of croplands, and the establishment of wildlife refuges. (CCRIT 2)

Oklahoma History Center Education Resources

Fur Trade in Oklahoma trunk: trunk description
(Okietales) Cowboy trunk: trunk description
(Okietales) Land Runs trunk: trunk description
Oklahoma Agriculture trunk: trunk description
Oklahoma Land Run e-exhibit
Oil and Gas trunk: trunk description
Pioneer Woman living history

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

Abbott, B. Nick and Richard A. Marston. “Ozark Plateau
Adams, J. Brett. “Irrigation
Agnew, Brad. “Fur Trappers and Traders,” “Illinois River
Baker, T. Lindsay. “Windmills
Boucher, Kurtis W. and Richard A. Marston. “Great Salt Plains
Brooks, Robert L. “Precontact Agriculture,” “Prehistoric Native Peoples
Caddel, John. “Hay
Cole, Shayne R. and Richard A. Marston. “Ouachita Mountains,” “Winding Stair Mountains
Denson, Paula Carmack. “Ponca City
Everett, Dianna. “Canadian River
James, Louise Boyd “Woodward
Flippen, J. Brooks “Lake Texoma
Gromadzki, Gregory A. and Richard A. Marston. “Boston Mountains
Heisch, Melvena Thurman. “Sod House
Hoagland, Bruce W. “Cross Timbers
Hurt, Douglas A. “Three Forks Area
Jackson, Dana. “Black Kettle National Grassland,” “McCurtain County Wilderness Area,” “Ouachita National Forest
Johnson, Howard L. “Climate
Lewis, Tom and Sara Jane Richter. “Black Mesa
Lowitt, Richard. “Environment and Cultural Ecology
McPhail, Melanie L. and Richard A. Marston, “Glass Mountains,” “Osage Plains
Nall, Garry L. “Cotton
Neel, Christopher and Richard A. Marston. “Quartz Mountains
Newsom, D. Earl “Stillwater
O’Dell, Larry. “Arkansas River,” “Cimarron River,” “Deep Fork National Wildlife Refuge,” “Lake Eufaula,” “Little River National Wildlife Refuge,” “McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System,” “Norman,” “Optima National Wildlife Refuge,” “Prairie National Wild Horse Refuge,” “Robbers Cave State Park,” “Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge,” “Tallgrass Prairie Preserve,” “Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge,” “Washita National Wildlife Refuge,” “Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge
Patton, Jamie J. and Richard A. Marston. “Great Plains,” “Shawnee Hills
Pittman, J. Josh and Richard A. Marston, “Antelope Hills,” “Coastal Plains
Roberson, Glen. “Red River
Sanchez, Joe. “Turner Falls
Savage, Cynthia. “Lawton
Schrems, Suzanne H. “Civilian Conservation Corps
Shuller, Thurman “McAlester
Splinter, Dale K. and Richard A. Marston, “Arbuckle Mountains,” “Wichita Mountains
Travis, Paul D. and Jeffrey B. Robb. “Corn,” “Wheat
Vehik, Susan C. “Coalesced Villagers,” “Precontact Hunting Patterns,” “Precontact Trade Patterns
Waits, Jr., Wallace F. “Muskogee
Ware, Kevin J. and Richard A. Marston. “Kiamichi Mountains
Watkins, Brad W. “Sans Bois Mountains

Research Center Resources


  • Ballenger, T.L. “The Illinois River,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 46 (Winter 1968–69)
  • Bell, Robert E. Oklahoma Archaeology (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1969)
  • Oklahoma Indian Artifacts (Norman: Stovall Museum, 1980)
  • Bement, Leland C. Bison Hunting at Cooper Site: Where Lightning Bolts Drew Thundering Herds (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1999)
  • Forbes, Gerald. Guthrie: Oklahoma’s First Capital (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1938)
  • Gilbert, Claudette Marie and Robert L. Brooks. From Mounds to Mammoths: A Field Guide to Oklahoma Prehistory (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2000)
  • Graebner, Norman Arthur. “Pioneer Indian Agriculture in Oklahoma,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 23 (Autumn 1945)
  • Green, Donald E. “Beginnings of Wheat Culture in Oklahoma,“ Rural Oklahoma, ed. Donald E. Green (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1977)
  • “Guthrie” (vertical file, OHS)
  • Heisch, Melvena Thurman. “The Soddy,” in Of the Earth: Oklahoma Architectural History, ed. Howard L. Meredith and Mary Ellen Meredith (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1980)
  • Hudson, John C. “Agriculture,” in Encyclopedia of the Great Plains, ed. David J. Wishart (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2004)
  • Hurt, R. Douglas. Indian Agriculture in America: Prehistory to the Present (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, c. 1987)
  • Johnson, Kenneth S. Geology and Earth Resources of Oklahoma (Norman: Oklahoma Geological Survey, 1972)
  • “Lake Eufaula” (vertical file, OHS)
  • “Lawton” (vertical file, OHS)
  • Morris, John W., ed. Cities of Oklahoma (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1979)
  • Geography of Oklahoma (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1977) Nall, Garry L. “King Cotton in Oklahoma, 1825–1939,” in Rural Oklahoma, ed. Donald E. Green (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1977)
  • Oklahoma’s Water Atlas (Norman: Oklahoma Water Resources Board, 1984)
  • “Ponca City” (vertical file, OHS)
  • Schrems, Suzanne H. “A Lasting New Deal Legacy: The Civilian Conservation Corps, the National Park Service, and the Development of the Oklahoma State Park System,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 72 (Winter 1994–95)
  • “Sod Houses” (Historic Oklahoma Collection, OHS)
  • Webb, Walter Prescott. The Great Plains (Boston: Ginn and Company, 1931)
  • Wedel, Waldo. Prehistoric Man on the Great Plains (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1961)
  • “Wildlife Refuge” (Historic Oklahoma Collection, OHS)


  • “A Game Type Map of Oklahoma by the Division of Wildlife Restoration-Game and Fish Department, 1943” (GEMAP.0046, Oklahoma Historical Society Map Collection, OHS)
  • “Arbuckle Mountains,” “Turner Falls” (Mrs. James H. Finley Collection, box 1, OHS)
  • “Arkansas River,” “Great Salt Plains” (Grant Foreman Collection, box 1, OHS)
  • “Arkansas River,” “Red River,” Red River maps (Oklahoma Historical Society Map Collection, OHS)
  • Aylesworth Album Collection (box 1, OHS): search online catalog
  • “Bison” (David D. Beaman Collection, Earl E. Nichols Collection, Fred Drummond Collection, Mat Dohr Collection, Robert L. Williams Collection, OHS)
  • “Black Mesa” (Manon Atkins Collection, box 1, OHS)
  • “Cross Timbers,” “Geologic Map of the Arbuckle Mountains and the Ardmore Basin, 1927,” “Lake Eufaula,” “Lake Tenkiller,” “Lake Texoma,” “McAlester,” “Stillwater,” (Historic Oklahoma Collection, OHS)
  • “Dams” (Albertype Collection, Frank Parman Collection, Fred Drummond Collection, Oklahoma Historical Society Photograph Collection, State Museum Collection, William C. Austin Collection, William D. Welge Collection, OHS)
  • “Fur Trade” (Frederick S. Barde Collection, OHS)
  • John McFarland interview, 6/6/1984 (H1984.076, Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection, OHS)
  • Julian Howard interview, 5/7/1992 (H1992.056, Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection, OHS)
  • Roxie Dee Wilson interview, 6/7/1984 (H1984.080, Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection, OHS)
  • “Lake Eufaula: Aerial View” (B. Ray Jacoby Collection, box 4, OHS)
  • “Lake Tenkiller,” “Lawton,” “Pensacola Dam-Grand Lake of the Cherokees,” “Ponca City,” “Stillwater” (Oklahoma Historical Society Photograph Collection, OHS)
  • “Lawton,” “Muskogee,” “Norman” (Chester R. Cowen Collection, OHS)
  • Oklahoma Historical Society Map Collection (OHS): search online catalog
  • “Sod House of a Cotton Sharecropper in Binger, OK, 1993” (19184.129.b, Althia Hart Collection, OHS)
  • “Tulsa” (Oklahoma Department of Tourism Collection, box 1, OHS)
  • “Wichita Mountains” (Fred Drummond Home Collection, photographs, box 1, OHS)

Additional Resources

  • Hofman, Jack L. and Russell W. Graham. “The Paleo-Indian Cultures of the Great Plains,” in Archaeology of the Great Plains, edited by W. Raymond Wood (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998)
  • Johnson, Howard L. and Claude E. Duchon. The Atlas of Oklahoma Climate (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995)
  • Johnson, Kenneth S. “Mountains, Streams, and Lakes of Oklahoma,” Oklahoma Geological Survey Informational Series No. 1 (Norman: Oklahoma Geological Survey, 1998)
  • Oklahoma State Archives, Agency Maps

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