Home |   Oklahoma History Center |   Education |   Resources |  Standards Guides

Grade 3: Social Studies Content Skills

Content Standard 4: The student will analyze the significant events and historic personalities contributing to the development of the state Oklahoma

  1. Develop an understanding and appreciation of the historic and contemporary racial, ethnic, and cultural groups of Oklahoma.

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

Atkins, Hannah D. “Hall, Amos T.
Atkins, Hannah D. “Stewartm James Edward
Decker, Stefanie Lee. “Atkins, Hannah Diggs
Everett, Dianna. “Asians
Fixico, Donald. “American Indians
Franklin, Jimmie Lewis. “African Americans
Fugate, Tally D. “WAVES
Glasrud, Bruce A. “Buffalo Soldiers
Habiby, Raymond. “Middle Easterners
Hall, Melvin C. “Fisher, Ada Lois Sipuel
Henry, Robert H. “Civil Rights Movement
Janda, Lance. “Women and the World Wars
Loconto, David G. “Italians
Machann, Clinton. “Czechs
Miles, Dennis B. “Choctaw Schools
Million, Anne. “French
O’Dell, Larry. “Colleges, African American,” “All-Black Towns
O’Dell, Larry. “English, Scottish, and Welsh
O’Dell, Larry. “Irish
Pate, James P. “Cherokee Advocate
Reese, Linda. “Freedmen
Reese, Linda W. “Women
Schrems, Suzzanne H. “Women’s Legislative Council
Shevitz, Amy Hill. “Jews
Smith, Michael M. “Hispanics
Sukholutskaya, Mara. “Ukrainians
Taylor, Gordon O. “Ellison, Ralph Waldo
Thompson, John H.L. “Dunjee, Roscoe
Williams, Nudie E. “Newspapers, African American
Wilson, Linda D. “Wilson, Alma Bell,” “Women’s Emergency Relief,” “Women and Work,” “Women’s Club Movement

Research Center Resources


  • “African Americans” (Historic Oklahoma Collection, OHS)
  • “Alice Brown Davis, First Seminole Chieftainess“” (vertical file, OHS)
  • Alice Robertson Collection (OHS)
  • “Alma Wilson” (vertical file, OHS)
  • Anna Korn Collection (OHS)
  • Bernard, Richard M. The Poles in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Bicha, Karel D. The Czechs in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Blessing, Patrick J. The British and Irish in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Brown, Donald N. Crossroads Oklahoma: The Vietnamese-American Experience in Oklahoma (Stillwater: Oklahoma State University College of Arts and Sciences Extension, 1981)
  • Brown, Kenny L. The Italians in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Brown, Opal Hartsell. Indomitable Oklahoma Women (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Heritage Association, 1994)
  • “Cherokee National Historical Society” (vertical file, OHS)
  • F.D. Moon Collection, manuscripts, box 2, topical folders of African American history, biographical information and items of Douglass High School, box 2, Research Division, Oklahoma Historical Society
  • Fisher, Ada Lois and Danney Goble. A Matter of Black and White: The Autobiography of Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996)
  • Fishcher, LeRoy H. “Muriel H. Wright, Historian of Oklahoma,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 52 (Spring 1974)
  • Franklin, Jimmie Lewis. Journey Toward Hope: A History of Blacks in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982)
  • Graves, Carl R. “The Right to Be Served: Oklahoma City’s Lunch Counter Sit-Ins, 19581964,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 59 (Summer 1981)
  • Hale, Douglas. “European Immigrants in Oklahoma: A Survey,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 53 (Summer 1975)
  • Historic Oklahoma Collection, Native American General, Bacone College (OHS)
  • James, Louise Boyd. “Woman’s Suffrage, Oklahoma Style, 18901918,” in Women in Oklahoma: A Century of Change, ed. Melvena Thurman (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1982)
  • Joseph Thoburn Collection (OHS)
  • Joyce, Davis D, ed. An Oklahoma I Had Never Seen Before: Alternative Views of Oklahoma History (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1994)
  • Kenner, Charles L. Buffalo Soldiers and Officers of the Ninth Cavalry, 1867–1898 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1999)
  • Leckie, William H. The Buffalo Soldiers: A Narrative of the Black Cavalry in the West (Rev. ed., Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2003)
  • Luper, Clara. Behold the Walls (Oklahoma City: J. Wire, 1979)
  • Martin Jr., Robert G., “The Cherokee Phoenix: Pioneer of Indian Journalism,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 25 (Summer 1947)
  • “Mildred Cleghorn” (vertical file, OHS)
  • Mitchell, Irene B. “Bloomfield Academy,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 49 (Winter 1971–72)
  • Muriel H. Wright Collection (OHS)
  • Murphy, James E. and Sharon M. Murphy. Let My People Know: American Indian Journalism, 1828–1978 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press 1981)
  • Musslewhite, Lynn and Suzanne Jones Crawford. One Woman’s Political Journey: Kate Barnard and Social Reform, 1875–1930 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2003)
  • “Native American General: National Hall of Fame for Famous American Indians” (Historic Oklahoma Collection, OHS)
  • O’Dell, Larry. “Andrew J. Smitherman, the Tulsa Star, and the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma (Fall 2002)
  • Rampersad, Arnold. Ralph Ellison: A Biography (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2007)
  • Reese, Linda W. Women of Oklahoma, 1890–1920 (Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1997)
  • Rohrs, Richard C. The Germans in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Shevitz, Amy Hill. “Past and Future: The Life of the Oklahoma Jewish Community,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 75 (Spring 1997)
  • Smallwood, James M. Crossroads Oklahoma: The Black Experience (Stillwater, OK: Crossroads Oklahoma Project, College of Arts and Sciences Extension, Oklahoma State University, 1981)
  • Smith, Michael M. “Latinos in Oklahoma: A History of Four and a Half Centuries,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 87 (Summer 2009)
  • Strickland, Rennard A. The Indians of Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981)
  • Teall, Kaye M. Black History in Oklahoma: A Resource Book (Oklahoma City, OK: Oklahoma City Public Schools, 1971)
  • Thurman, Melvena ed. Women in Oklahoma: A Century of Change (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1982)
  • Tobias, Henry J. The Jews of Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Williams, Nudie E. “The Black Press in Oklahoma: The Formative Years, 1889–1907,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 61 (Fall 1983)
  • Wilson, Terry P. Indian Leaders: Oklahoma’s First Statesmen, ed. H. Glenn Jordan and Thomas M. Holm (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1979)
  • “Women Pioneers” (vertical file, OHS)
  • “Women and Work” (vertical file, OHS)
  • Wright, Muriel H. A Guide to the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1951)


  • Clara Luper Show audio, (Clara Luper Collection, OHS)
  • Sam Flood Collection-State Museum Collection (OHS)
  • Through the Looking Glass Darkly, Part 1, Part 2, (F2013.134.2.0024, F2013.134.2.0025, WKY-TV Film Collection, OHS)

Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection:

  • Interview with Augusta Mann, appointed State of Oklahoma Human Rights Commission and Oklahoma Pardon and Parole Board (H2012.099.024, North Tulsa Oral History Project)
  • Interview with Dr. Charles James Bate, African American doctor who worked to change the quality and availability of health care to African Americans in Tulsa (H2013.099.021, North Tulsa Oral History Project)
  • Interview with Eugene Campbell, Korean War veteran who discusses racism in the armed forces (H1988.140)
  • Interview with Frank Smith, African American WWI veteran, discusses Oklahoma in the 1920s and 1930s (H1983.148)
  • Interview with Hazel Oletha King, grandfather participated in 1889 land run, attended all-black, one-room school, attended Langston University (H1988.130)
  • William Graham Davis, interview by Mary B. Roberts, 4 November 1977 (LL 848.1,Living Legends Oral History Collection)

Additional Resources

  • Abner, Julie L. Native American Women: A Biographical Dictionary, ed. Gretchen M. Bataille and Laurie Lisa (New York: Routledge 2000)
  • “Amos T. Hall,” vertical file, Jimmy Stewart Archives, Ralph Ellison Library, Oklahoma City
  • Brown, Donald N. “The Asian Experience in Oklahoma,’ vertical file, Oklahoma Humanities Council, Oklahoma City
  • Choctaw Nation Papers, Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma, Norman
  • Darcy, R. et al. Oklahoma Women’s Almanac (Stillwater, OK: OPSA Press, 2005)
  • Davis, Michael G. Native America in the Twentieth Century, ed. Mary B. Davis (New York: Garland Publishing, 1994)
  • Hannah Atkins Collection, Special Collections, Edmon Low Library, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater
  • Rabstejnek, Hermina. “A Tribute to Oklahoma and Its Czech Pioneers,” in Panorama: A Historical Review of Czechs and Slovaks in the United States of America, ed. Vlasta Vraz (Cicero, IL: Czechoslovak National Council of America, 1970)
  • Tracy, Steven C. A Historical Guide to Ralph Ellison (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004)
  • Treat, James, ed. Native and Christian: Indigenous Voices on Religious Identity in the United States and Canada (New York: Routledge, 1996)

Voices of Oklahoma:

Back to Grade 3 Resource List