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Grade 3: Social Studies Content Skills

Content Standard 4: The student will analyze the significant events and historic personalities contributing to the development of the state Oklahoma

  1. Describe cowboy life and cattle drives as typified by experiences along the Chisholm Trail.

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

Dary, David. “Cattle Drives
Dortch, Steven D. “Chisholm Trail
Hoy, Jim. “Cattle Industry
Tyson, Carl N. "Shawnee Trail,” “Western Trail

Research Center Resources


  • Dary, David. Cowboy Culture: A Saga of Five Centuries (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1981)
  • Drago, Harry Sinclair. Great American Cattle Trails: The Story of the Old Cow Paths of the East and the Longhorn Highways of the Plains (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1965)
  • Gard, Wayne. Along the Early Trails of the Southwest (Austin: Pemberton Press, 1969)
  • The Chisholm Trail (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1988)
  • Graebner, Norman Arthur. “History of Cattle Ranching in Eastern Oklahoma,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 21 (September 1943)
  • Halsell, H.H. Cowboys and Cattleland (Nashville: Parthenon Press, 1937)
  • Kraisinger, Gary and Margaret Kraisinger. The Western: The Greatest Texas Cattle Trail, 1874–1886 (Newton, KS: Mennonite Press, 2004)
  • Ridings, Sam P. The Chisholm Trail: A History of the World’s Greatest Cattle Trail (Guthrie: Co-operative Pub. Co., c1936)
  • Skaggs, Jimmy M., ed. Ranch and Range in Oklahoma (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1978)
  • The Cattle-Trailing Industry: Between Supply and Demand, 1866–1890 (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1973)
  • Worcester, Donald E. The Chisholm Trail: High Road of the Cattle Kingdom (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1980)


  • “Bull Teams at Caldwell, KS Getting Ready to be Loaded with Freight and then Head South on the Chisholm Trail to Darlington & Fort Reno, I.T.” (15231, Muriel Wright Collection, OHS)
  • “Chisholm Trail Marker, Enid, Oklahoma,” 19657.103, “Jesse Chisholm Trail Memorial” (19657.104, Samuel W. Brown Collection, OHS)
  • “Map of a Portion of Oklahoma Showing the Location of the Chisholm Trail, 1933” (HISMAP.0003, Oklahoma Historical Society Map Collection, OHS)

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