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Grade 4: United States Studies Content Skills

Content Standard 1: The student will analyze the physical, cultural, political, economic, and the historic features and places of the regions of the United States.

  1. The student will identify and analyze the cultural and historic features of the United States
    1. Identify the historic significance of major national monuments, historic sites, and landmarks…Oklahoma City National Memorial…
    2. Describe the diverse but unified nature of the American people by identifying the distinctive contributions to American culture of Native Americans, African Americans, major European groups, major Spanish-speaking groups, and Asian Americans.
    3. Describe the purpose of local, state, tribal, and national government centered in Washington, DC

Oklahoma History Center Education Resources

Oklahoma Agriculture trunk: trunk description
Oil and Gas trunk: trunk description

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

Everett, Dianna. "Asians"
Farmer, Rick. "Legislature"
Fixico, Donald. "American Indians"
Franklin, Jimmie Lewis. "African Americans"
Goble, Danney. "Government and Politics"
Habiby, Raymond. "Middle Easterners"
Loconto, David G. "Italians"
Machann, Clinton. "Czechs"
Million, Anne. "French"
O'Dell, Larry. "English, Scottish, and Welsh"
O'Dell, Larry. "Irish"
Reese, Linda W. "Women"
Shevitz, Amy Hill. "Jews"
Smith, Michael M. "Hispanics"
Stephens, Jerry E. "Judiciary"
Sukholutskaya, Mara. "Ukrainians"

Research Center Resources

Library

  • Adkinson, Danny M. and Lisa McNair Palmer. The Oklahoma State Constitution: A Reference Guide (Westport: CT: Greenwood Press, 2001)
  • "African Americans" (Historic Oklahoma Collection, OHS)
  • Bernard, Richard M. The Poles in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Bicha, Karel D. The Czechs in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Blessing, Patrick J. The British and Irish in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Brown, Donald N. Crossroads Oklahoma: The Vietnamese-American Experience in Oklahoma (Stillwater: Oklahoma State University College of Arts and Sciences Extension, 1981)
  • Brown, Kenny L. The Italians in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Brown, Opal Hartsell. Indomitable Oklahoma Women (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Heritage Association, 1994)
  • "Cherokee National Historical Society" (vertical file, OHS)
  • Counties and County Seats Listing and Map, Oklahoma Resources, Oklahoma Historical Society website
  • Fischer, LeRoy H., ed. Oklahoma's Governors, 4 vols. (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1975–1985) Volume 1, Volume 2, Volume 3, Volume 4
  • Hale, Douglas. "European Immigrants in Oklahoma: A Survey," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 53 (Summer 1975)
  • Kirkpatrick, Samuel A. The Legislative Process in Oklahoma: Policy-Making, People, and Politics (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1951)
  • List of Governors, Oklahoma Territory to present, Oklahoma Resources, Oklahoma Historical Society website
  • Morgan, David R., Robert E. England, and George G. Humphreys. Oklahoma Politics and Policies: Governing the Sooner State (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1991)
  • "Native American General: National Hall of Fame for Famous American Indians." Historic Oklahoma Collection, Research Division, Oklahoma Historical Society
  • Rohrs, Richard C. The Germans in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Smith, Michael M. "Latinos in Oklahoma: A History of Four and a Half Centuries," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 87 (Summer 2009)
  • Strain, Jack, Leroy Crozier, and Carl F. Reherman. An Outline of Oklahoma Government (Minco, OK: Privately Printed, 1992)
  • Strickland, Rennard A. The Indians of Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981)
  • Thurman, Melvena ed. Women in Oklahoma: A Century of Change (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1982)
  • Tobias, Henry J. The Jews of Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)

Audio/Visual

Office of American Indian Culture and Preservation Resources

Additional Resources

  • Abner, Julie L. Native American Women: A Biographical Dictionary, ed. Gretchen M. Bataille and Laurie Lisa (New York: Routledge 2000)
  • Brown, Donald N. "The Asian Experience in Oklahoma," Vertical File, Oklahoma Humanities Council, Oklahoma City
  • Choctaw Nation Papers, Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma, Norman.
  • Darcy, R. et al. Oklahoma Women's Almanac (Stillwater, OK: OPSA Press, 2005)
  • Fraser, George B. "Oklahoma's New Judicial System," Oklahoma Law Review 21 (November 1968)
  • "My Government," State of Oklahoma Official Site, www.ok.gov
  • "Oklahoma Governors" and "Oklahoma Senators' Categories, Student Guide, Voices of Oklahoma
  • Simpson, Phillip. "The Modernization and Reform of the Oklahoma Judiciary," Oklahoma Politics 3 (1994)
  • State and County Data Center, Oklahoma Policy Institute
  • Text version of the Oklahoma Constitution
  • Oklahoma City National Memorial Collections and Research Division
  • The Oklahoma Standard website



Content Standard 2: The student will examine Native American groups and European explorations and settlements impacting the development of the major regions of the United States.

  1. Identify the major Native American groups and their ways of life in each region…and their contributions to American culture and history.
  2. Examine and summarize the reasons for the key expeditions of Spain, France, and England and their impact on the development of each region…
  3. Summarize how France, Spain, England, Russia, and the Netherlands culturally influenced different regions of the United States in which they settled including regional place names, architectural features, customs, and language.
  4. Identify and evaluate instances of both cooperation and conflict between Native American groups and European settlers arising from the Columbian Exchange including agriculture, trade, cultural exchanges, military alliances, wars, and control of territory.

Oklahoma History Center Education Resources

American Indians in Oklahoma trunk and e-exhibit: trunk description | e-exhibit
Archaeology trunk and e-exhibit: trunk description | e-exhibit
Fourteen Flags over Oklahoma trunk: trunk description
Fur Trade in Oklahoma trunk: trunk description
Oklahoma Explorers trunk: trunk description
1830s Beadwork Artist living history

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

Agnew, Brad. "Fur Trappers and Traders"
Brown, Lynn. "Great Spanish Road"
Burns, Louis F. "Osage (tribe)"
Clough, Josh. "United Keetowah Band"
Everett, Dianna. "Fabry de la Bruyere, Andre," "Apache Tribe of Oklahoma," "Du Tisne, Claude-Charles," "European Exploration," "Mallet Expeditions"
Fixico, Donald. "American Indians"
Fowler, Loretta. "Arapaho, Southern"
Frank, Andrew K. "Indian Removal," "Seminole (tribe)," "Trail of Tears"
Isham, Theodore and Blue Clark, "Creek (Mvskoke)"
Jackson, Jason Baird. "Yuchi (Euchee)"
Kavanagh, Thomas W. "Comanche (tribe)"
Kidwell, Clara Sue. "Choctaw (tribe)"
Koenig, Pamela. "Miami (tribe)"
Kracht, Benjamin R. "Kiowa (tribe)"
Kraft, Lisa A. "Citizen Potawatomi"
Kuhlman, Annette. "Kickapoo"
Lewis, Tom and Sara Jane Richter. "Coronado Expedition"
Logt, Mark Van De, "Ponca"
Lovett, John R. "Ottawa"
May, Jon D. "Iowa," "John Jumper," "Otoe-Missouria," "Seneca-Cayuga," "Tonkawa (tribe)"
McCollum, Timothy James. "Delaware, Western," "Quapaw (tribe)," "Sac and Fox"
Million, Anne. "French"
O'Dell, Larry. "St. Denis, Louis Juchereau de"
Parks, Douglas R. "Pawnee (tribe)"
Pate, James P. "Chickasaw"
Pool, Carolyn Garrett. "Wichita"
Roberson, Glen. "Peoria (tribe)"
Smith, Pamela A. "Shawnee, Absentee," "Shawnee, Eastern," "Shawnee Tribe (Loyal Shawnee)"
Stansfield, Rick. "Wyandotte (tribe)"
Strickland, Rennard. "Cherokee (tribe)"
Unrau, William E. "Kaw (Kansa)"
Williams, Chad. "Twin Villages, Battle of the"

Research Center Resources

Library

  • Anson, Bert. The Miami Indians (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1970)
  • Baird, W. David. The Quapaw Indians: A History of the Downstream People (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Blaine, Martha Royce. The Ioway Indians (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1979)
  • Brown, Donald N. and Lee Irwin, "Ponca," in Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 13, Plains, ed. Raymond J. DeMallie (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 2001)
  • Callender, Charles. "Shawnee," in Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 15, Northeast, ed. Bruce G. Trigger (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978)
  • Conley, Robert J. Cherokee Encyclopedia (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2007)
  • Crosby, Alfred W. The Columbian Exchange: Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1972)
  • Foreman, Grant. "Early Trails through Oklahoma," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 3 (June 1925)
  • Foreman, Grant. The Five Civilized Tribes: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creek, Choctaw, Seminole (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1934)
  • Gibson, Arrell M. The Chickasaws (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1972)
  • Goddard, Ives. "Delaware," in Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 15, Northeast, ed. Bruce G. Trigger (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978)
  • Green, Michael D. The Creeks (New York: Chelsea House, 1990)
  • Hagan, William T. The Sac and Fox Indians (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1958)
  • Howard, James H. The Ponca Tribe (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1995)
  • Jones, William Kirkland. Notes on the History and Material Culture of the Tonkawa Indians (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1969)
  • Kavanagh, Thomas W. The Comanches: A History (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1999)
  • Lewis, Anna. "French Interests and Activities in Oklahoma," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 2 (September 1924)
  • Littlefield, Daniel F. and James W. Parins, eds. Encyclopedia of American Indian Removal, Volume 1, A–Z, (Greenwood Press, 2011)
  • Malinowski, Sharon, ed. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes (Detroit: Gale, c1998)
  • McRill, Leslie. "Fernandina: First White Settlement in Oklahoma," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 41 (Summer 1963)
  • "Ottawa," vertical file, Research Division, Oklahoma Historical Society
  • Parks, Douglas R. "Pawnee," in Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 13, Plains, ed. Raymond J. DeMallie (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 2001)
  • Pierce, Earl Boyd and Rennard Strickland. The Cherokee People (Phoenix, AZ: Indian Tribal Series, 1973)
  • Schafer, Delbert F. "French Explorers in Oklahoma," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 55 (Winter 1977–78)
  • Strickland, Rennard A. The Indians of Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981)
  • Sturtevant, William C. "Oklahoma Seneca-Cayuga," in Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 15, Northeast, ed. Bruce G. Trigger (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978)
  • Thomas, A.B. "Spanish Exploration of Oklahoma, 1599–1792," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 6 (1928)
  • Thompson, Vern E. "A History of the Quapaw," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 33 (Autumn 1955)
  • Tooker, Elisabeth. "Wyandot," in Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 15, Northeast, ed. Bruce G. Trigger (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978)
  • Thornton, Russell. American Indian Holocaust and Survival: A Population History Since 1492 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987)
  • Unrau, William E. The Kansa Indians: A History of the Wind People, 1673–1873 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1971)
  • Valley, Doris and Mary M. Lembcke, eds., The Peorias: A History of the Peoria Tribe of Oklahoma (Miami, OK: The Peoria Indian Tribe of Oklahoma, 1991)
  • Walker, Jerald. "The Difficulty of Celebrating an Invasion," in An Oklahoma I Had Never Seen Before: Alternative Views of Oklahoma History, ed. Davis C. Joyce (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1994)
  • Welge, William D. Early Visitors to Oklahoma (Oklahoma City: Commonwealth Press, 2009)
  • Weslager, C.A. The Delaware Indians: A History (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1972)
  • Woodward, Grace Steele. The Cherokees (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963)
  • Wright, Muriel H. A Guide to the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1951)
  • Wright, Muriel H. "Early Navigation and Commerce Along the Arkansas and Red Rivers in Oklahoma," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 8 (March 1930)

Audio/Visual

  • "Map Showing Routes of Early Explorations and Expeditions" (HISMAP.FOREMAN.0005, Grant Foreman Collection, OHS)

Office of American Indian Culture and Preservation Resources

Additional Resources

  • Carlisle, Jeffrey D. "Tonkawa Indians," in The New Handbook of Texas, ed. Ron Tyler (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1996)
  • Conley, Robert J. The Cherokee Nation: A History (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2005)
  • Curths, Karen. "The Routes of French and Spanish Explorers Penetration Into Oklahoma," Red River Valley Historical Review 6 (Summer 1981)
  • Edmunds, R. David. The Otoe-Missouria People (Phoenix, AZ: Indian Tribal Series, 1976)
  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000)
  • Unrau, William E. The Kaw People (Phoenix, AZ: Indian Tribal Series, 1975)



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