Home > History Center >  High School Guides

High School: Oklahoma History Content Skills

Content Standard 3: The student will analyze the formation and development of constitutional government in Oklahoma.

  1. Compare and contrast the development of governments among the Native American tribes, the movement for the state of Sequoyah, the proposal for an all-Black state, and the impact of the Enabling Act on single statehood.

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OKLAHOMA HISTORY AND CULTURE

Bryant, Keith L. "William Henry David Murray"
Compton, J.J. "Charles Nathaniel Haskell"
Everett, Dianna. "Enabling Act, 1906"
Mize, Richard, "Sequoyah Convention"
Roberson, Jere W. "Edward P. McCabe"
Wilson, Linda D. "John Robert Thomas"

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • Allen, Clinton M. The "Sequoyah" Movement (Oklahoma City: Harlow Publishing Co., 1925)
  • Burton, Jeffrey. Indian Territory and the United States, 1866-1906: Courts, Government and the Movement for Oklahoma Statehood (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995)
  • Clark, Stanley J. "Career of John R. Thomas," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 52 (Summer 1974)
  • Franklin, Jimmie Lewis. Journey Toward Hope: A History of Blacks in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982)
  • Gittinger, Roy. The Formation of the State of Oklahoma, 1803–1906 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1939)
  • Howard II, James H. "Charles Nathaniel Haskell, Governor of Oklahoma, 1907–1911," in Oklahoma's Governors, 1907–1929: Turbulent Politics, ed. Leroy H. Fischer (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1981)
  • John Dunning Political Collection (OHS)
  • John R. Thomas Collection (OHS)
  • "John R. Thomas" (vertical file, OHS)
  • Lewallan, Kenneth. "Chief Alfred Sam: Black Nationalism on the Great Plains, 1913–14," Journal of the West 16 (January 1977)
  • Maxwell, Amos D. The Sequoyah Constitutional Convention (Boston: Meador Publishing Co., 1953)
  • Maxwell, Amos D. "The Sequoyah Convention," Part 1 and 2, The Chronicles of Oklahoma 28 (Summer and Autumn 1950)
  • Muriel Wright Collection (folder 46, OHS)
  • Roberson, Jere W. "Edward P. McCabe and the Langston Experiment," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 51 (Fall 1973)
  • Scales, James R. and Danney Goble. Oklahoma Politics: A History (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982)
  • Shepard, Bruce. "North to the Promised Land: Black Migration to the Canadian Plains," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 66 (1988)
  • Teall, Kaye M. Black History in Oklahoma: A Resource Book (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma City Public Schools, 1971)
  • Williams, Robert L. The Constitution and Enabling Act of the State of Oklahoma, Annotated (Kansas City, MO: Pipes-Read Book Co., 1912)

Audio/Visual

  • Through the Looking Glass Darkly Part 2" (2013.134, WKY-TV Film Collection, OHS)
  • "Fifty Years Oklahoma 1889–1939" (HISMAP.0056, Oklahoma Historical Society Map Collection, OHS)
  • "The Proposed State of Sequoyah (1902)" (ITMAP.0034, Oklahoma Historical Society Map Collection, OHS)
  • Interview with Claude Gilbert, 4/12/1984 (H1984.059, Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection, OHS)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

  • May, Katja. African Americans and Native Americans in the Creek and Cherokee Nations, 1830s to 1920s (New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1996)



  1. Describe and summarize attempts to create a state constitution joining Indian and Oklahoma Territories including the impact of the Progressive and Labor Movements resulting in statehood on November 16, 1907.

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OKLAHOMA HISTORY AND CULTURE

Adkison, Danny M. "Oklahoma Constitution"
Brown, Kenny L. "Progressive Movement"
O'Dell, Larry. "Labor, Organized"

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • Bachhofer II, Aaron. "Strange Bedfellows: Progressivism, Radicalism, and the Oklahoma Constitution in Historical Perspective," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 77 (Fall 1999)
  • Brown, Kenny L. "Progressivism in Oklahoma Politics, 1900–1913: A Reinterpretation," in An Oklahoma I Had Never Seen Before: Alternative Views of Oklahoma History, ed. Davis D. Joyce (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1994)
  • Darcy, R. "Origins and Development of State Politics: The Oklahoma Territorial Legislature, 1890–1905," In History of the Constitutional Convention of the State of Oklahoma, ed., A.H. Ellis (Muskogee, OK: N.A. Ellis, 1923)
  • Doyle, Thomas H. "Single Versus Double Statehood," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 5 (March, June, and September 1927)
  • Ellinger, Charles. "The Drive for Statehood in Oklahoma, 1889–1906," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 41 (Spring 1963)
  • Ellis, Albert H. A History of the Constitutional Convention of the State of Oklahoma (Muskogee, OK: Economy Printing Co., 1923)
  • Federal Writers' Project of Oklahoma. Labor History of Oklahoma (Oklahoma City: A.M. Van Horn, 1939)
  • Goble, Danney. Progressive Oklahoma: The Making of a New Kind of State (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Hurst, Irvin. The 46th Star: A History of Oklahoma's Constitutional Convention and Early Statehood (Oklahoma City: Semco Color Press, 1957)
  • "Labor" (vertical file, OHS)
  • Miller, Worth Robert. Oklahoma Populism: A History of the People's Party in the Oklahoma Territory (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987)
  • Milligan, James C. Oklahoma Farmers' Union: A History of the First 91 Years (N.P.: Cottonwood Publications, 1997)
  • Murray, William H. "The Constitutional Convention," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 9 (June 1931)
  • "Oklahoma Statehood," Joseph Thoburn Collection, folder 9, Research Division, Oklahoma Historical Society
  • "Oklahoma Constitutional Convention" (vertical file, OHS)
  • Ryan, Frederick L. A History of Labor Legislation in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1932)
  • Scales, James R. and Danney Goble. Oklahoma Politics: A History (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982)
  • Statehood Act Collection (OHS)
  • "Statehood (American Politics) Oklahoma" (vertical file, OHS)
  • "Statehood for Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory" (Minor Collections, OHS)
  • Statehood Historic Documents Collection (OHS)

Audio/Visual

  • "Columbia Presenting Statehood to Oklahoma" (23359.4, Friends of the Archives Collection, OHS)
  • Frances Haskell Interview, 1/1/1978 (H1987.052, Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection, OHS)
  • Oklahoma: A Past Preserved (1975) (F2009.117.009, Oklahoma Department of Libraries Collection, OHS)
  • "Statehood Committee" (1390, Oklahoma Historical Society Photograph Collection, OHS)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

  • Stewart, Dora Ann. The Government and Development of Oklahoma Territory (Oklahoma City: Harlow Publishing Co., 1933)



  1. Compare and contrast Oklahoma's state government to the United States' national system of government including the branches of government, their functions, and powers.

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OKLAHOMA HISTORY AND CULTURE

Farmer, Rick. "Legislature"
Goble, Danney. "Government and Politics"
Stephens, Jerry E. "Judiciary"

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • Adkinson, Danny M. and Lisa McNair Palmer. The Oklahoma State Constitution: A Reference Guide (Westport: CT: Greenwood Press, 2001)
  • Fischer, LeRoy H., ed. Oklahoma's Governors, 4 vols. (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1975–1985), Volume 1, Volume 2, Volume 3, Volume 4
  • Kirkpatrick, Samuel A. The Legislative Process in Oklahoma: Policy-Making, People, and Politics (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1951)
  • List of Governors, Oklahoma Territory to present, Oklahoma Resources, Oklahoma Historical Society
  • Morgan, David R., Robert E. England, and George G. Humphreys, Oklahoma Politics and Policies: Governing the Sooner State (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1991)
  • Simpson, Phillip. "The Modernization and Reform of the Oklahoma Judiciary," Oklahoma Politics 3 (1994)
  • Strain, Jack, Leroy Crozier, and Carl F. Reherman, An Outline of Oklahoma Government (Minco, OK: Privately Printed, 1992)

Audio/Visual

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES




  1. Describe the division, function, and sharing of powers among levels of government including city, county, tribal, and state.

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • Champagne, Duane. Social Order and Political Change: Constitutional Governments Among the Cherokee, the Choctaw, the Chickasaw, and the Creek (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1992)
  • Counties and County Seats listing and map, Oklahoma Resources, Oklahoma Historical Society
  • Oklahoma Tribal Pocket Guide, Office of American Indian Culture and Preservation, Oklahoma Historical Society

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES




  1. Identify major sources of local and state revenues and the services provided including education, infrastructure, courts and public safety.

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OKLAHOMA HISTORY AND CULTURE

Crowder, Carolyn. "Oklahoma Education Association"
Doe, Douglas D. and George E. Johnson Jr. "Oklahoma Department of Human Services"
Dreyer, Ruth Ann. "Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education"
Everett, Dianna. "Highways" and "Turnpikes and Toll Bridges"
Hobbs, Dan S. and John H. Feaver, "Colleges and Universities, State"
Tolman, Keith. "Oklahoma Aeronautics Commission"

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • "Highways" (vertical file, OHS)
  • Hobss, Dan S. "Coordination of Oklahoma's State System of Higher Education," in A History of Governance at Oklahoma State University, comp. James H. Boggs (Stillwater: Oklahoma State University, 1992)

Audio/Visual

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES




  1. Describe state constitutional provisions including the direct primary, initiative petition, referendum, and recall.

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OKLAHOMA HISTORY AND CULTURE

Adkison, Danny M. "Oklahoma Constitution"
Rausch, John David. "Initiative and Referendum"

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • Adkison, Danny M. "The Oklahoma Constitution," in Oklahoma Politics and Policies: Governing the Sooner State, ed. David R. Morgan, Robert E. England, and George G. Humphreys (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1991)
  • "Council Bills No. 10–18, 1899–1901" (Secretary of the Territory Collection, box 33, folder 2, OHS)
  • Goble, Danney. Progressive Oklahoma: The Making of a New Kind of State (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Morgan, David R., Robert E. England, and George G. Humphreys, eds., Oklahoma Politics and Policies: Governing the Sooner State (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1991)
  • Scales, James R. and Danney Goble. Oklahoma Politics: A History (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

  • Adkison, Danny M. and Lisa McNair Palmer. The Oklahoma Constitution (Greenwood, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001)
  • Rausch, Jr. John David., "Anti-Representative Direct Democracy: The Politics of Legislative Constraint," Comparative State Politics 15 (April 1994)



Back to High School Resource List