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High School: Oklahoma History Content Skills

Content Standard 4: The student will examine the transformation of Oklahoma during times of boom and bust of the 1920s through the 1940s.

OKLAHOMA HISTORY CENTER EDUCATION RESOURCES

African Americans in Oklahoma trunk and traveling exhibit: trunk description
Dust Bowl and Great Depression trunk: trunk description
Dust Bowl Housewife living history
Oil and Gas trunk: trunk description
WWII Nurse living history
45th Infantry Division in WWII e-exhibit: e-exhibit




  1. Compare and contrast the successes and failures of the United States policy of assimilation of the Native Americans in Oklahoma including the passage of the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 and the effects of the Indian boarding schools (1880s–1940s) upon Native Americans' identity, culture, traditions, and tribal government and sovereignty.

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OKLAHOMA HISTORY AND CULTURE

Ellis, Clyde. "American Indians and Education"

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • Adams, David Wallace. Education for extinction: American Indians and the boarding school experience, 1875–1928, (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, c1995)
  • Chilocco Indian School Collection (OHS)
  • Ellis, Clyde. To Change Them Forever: Indian Education at the Rainy Mountain Boarding School, 1893–1920 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996)
  • Federal Writers' Project Collection (box 57 and 58, OHS)
  • G. Doug Scott Collection (box 1 and 2, OHS)
  • Indian Schools 1913–1932, folder 11 (Joseph Thoburn collection, OHS)
  • Kappler, Charles. Indian Affairs, Laws and Treaties, Vol. 4, Laws (Washington D.C.: GPO, 1913)
  • Littlefield, Daniel F. and James W. Parins, eds. Encyclopedia of American Indian Removal, Vol. 1, A-Z, (Greenwood Press, 2011)
  • Prucha, Francis Paul. The Great Father: The United States Government and the American Indians, Vol. 2 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984)
  • Trafzer, Clifford E. et al. Boarding School Blues: Revisiting American Indian Educational Experiences, edited Clifford E. Trafzer, Jean A. Keller, and Lorene Sisquoc (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, c2006)

Audio/Visual

  • Eva Lewers Collection (photographs, box 1, OHS)

Oklahoma Historical Society Film and Video Archives, YouTube Channel

Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection

  • Myra Eppler and Emma McGuire interview (H1987.081, OHS)
  • Rowena Grace Walworth Akers interview (H1983.078, OHS)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

  • McBeth, Sally. Ethnic Identity and the Boarding School Experience of West Central Oklahoma Indians (Washington D.C.: University Press of America, 1983)
  • Office of American Indian Culture & Preservation, Oral Histories (OHS)
  • Timeline of American Indian Removals, Office of American Indian Culture and Preservation



  1. Examine multiple points of view regarding the historic evolution of race relations in Oklahoma including Senate Bill 1 establishing Jim Crow laws, the growth of all-Black towns, the Tulsa Race Riot, and the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan.

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OKLAHOMA HISTORY AND CULTURE

Ellsworth, Scott. "Tulsa Race Riot"
O'Dell, Larry. "All-Black Towns," "Ku Klux Klan," "Senate Bill One"
Reese, Linda. "Freedmen"
Smallwood, James M. "Segregation"

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • Aldrich Black Collection (OHS)
  • Aldrich, Gene. Black Heritage of Oklahoma (Edmond, OK: Thompson Book and Supply Co., 1973)
  • Alexander, Charles. The Ku Klux Klan in the Southwest (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995)
  • American Red Cross of Central Oklahoma Collection (box 1, folder 4, OHS)
  • Andrews, Thomas F. "Freedmen in Indian Territory: A Post Civil War Dilemma," Journal of the West 4 (July 1965)
  • Bailey, Minnie E. Reconstruction in Indian Territory, A Story of Avarice, Discrimination, and Opportunism (Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1972)
  • "Brooksville" (vertical file, OHS)
  • Carney, George. "Historic Resources of Oklahoma's All-Black Towns: A Preservation Profile," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 69 (Summer 1991)
  • Clark, Carter Blue. A History of the Ku Klux Klan in Oklahoma, (Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1976)
  • Crockett, Norman. The Black Towns (Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1979)
  • Currie Ballard Collection (OHS)
  • Darcy, R. "Constructing Segregation: Race Politics in the Territorial Legislature, 1890–1907," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 86 (Fall 2008)
  • Ellsworth, Scott. Death in a Promised Land: The Tulsa Race Riot of 1921 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1982)
  • Franklin, Jimmie Lewis. Journey Toward Hope: A History of Blacks in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982)
  • Franklin, John Hope and Scott Ellsworth, eds. The Tulsa Race Riot: A Scientific, Historical and Legal Analysis (Oklahoma City: Tulsa Race Riot Commission, 2000)
  • Gray, Linda. "Taft: Town on the Black Frontier," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 66 (Winter 1988–89)
  • Grinde, Donald A. and Quintard Taylor. "Red vs. Black: Conflict and Accommodation in the Post Civil War Indian Territory," American Indian Quarterly 10 (Summer 1984)
  • Hamilton, Kenneth. "Townsite Speculation and the Origin of Boley, Oklahoma," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 55 (Summer 1977)
  • Hower, Robert N. "Angels of Mercy": The American Red Cross and the 1921 Tulsa Race Riot (Tulsa, OK: Homestead Press, 1993)
  • Mellinger, Phillip. "Discrimination and Statehood in Oklahoma," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 49 (Autumn 1971)
  • Minor Collections (M1998.032, location 1210.01, OHS)
  • Larry O'Dell Collection (OHS)
  • Owens, J.P. Clearview (Okemah, OK: J.P. Owens, 1995)
  • Parrish, Mary E. Jones, Events of the Tulsa Disaster (Tulsa, OK: Out on a Limb Publishing, 1998)
  • Patrick J. Hurley Collection (OHS)
  • Patterson, Zella and Lynette Wert, Langston University: A History (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1979)
  • Porter, Kenneth W. The Negro on the American Frontier (New York: Arno Press and The New York Times, 1971)
  • Roberson, Jere W. "Edward P. McCabe and the Langston Experiment," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 51 (Fall 1973)
  • Shepard, Bruce. "North to the Promised Land: Black Migration to the Canadian Plains," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 66 (Fall 1988)
  • "Taft" (vertical file, WPA Writers' Project, 1937, OHS)
  • Teall, Kaye M. Black History in Oklahoma: A Resource Book (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma City Public Schools, 1971)
  • Tucker, Howard A. A History of Governor Walton's War on the Ku Klux Klan, The Invisible Empire (Oklahoma City: Southwest Publishing Co., 1923)
  • "Tullahassee" (vertical file, WPA Writers' Project, OHS)
  • "Tulsa Race Riot: A Report by the Oklahoma Commission to Study the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921." Oklahoma Commission to the Study of the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921, February 28, 2001
  • Tulsa Race Riot Commission Materials (boxes 1–16, OHS)
  • "Vernon" (vertical file, WPA Writers' Project, OHS)
  • Wilson, Walt. "Freedmen in Indian Territory During Reconstruction," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 49 (Summer 1971)

Audio/Visual

  • Ella Mahler Collection (photographs, box 1, OHS)
  • LaQuita Headley Collection (OHS)
  • Oklahoma Historical Society Photograph Collection (photographs, box 1, OHS)
  • Tulsa Race Riot Commission Materials (boxes 1–16, OHS)

Oklahoma Historical Society Film and Video Archives, YouTube Channel

Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection

  • Bill Snodgrass interview, 5/9/1985 (H1985.092)
  • Bob Hower interview, 4/17/2003 (H2003.017)
  • Charles Davis interview, 1978 (H1987.053)
  • Earkysee Sutton interview, 5/14/1987 (H1982.029)
  • Ethelyn Gimlin interview, 5/13/1983 (H1983.109)
  • Henry James interview, 7/30/1986 (H19863.047)
  • Herman Padgett interview, 7/19/1988 (H1988.104)
  • James Harold Davis interview, 12/22/1988 (1988.142)
  • Jesse James interview, 7/29/1986 (H1986.042)
  • John E. Kirkpatrick interview, 6/22/1967 (LL 43, Living Legends Oral History Collection)
  • Maxine Horner interview, 7/7/1999 (H1999.081)
  • Ressie Rogers interview, 6/9/1986 (H1986.028)
  • Ruth Powers interview, 5/5/1983 (H1983.101)
  • Rosa Davis Skinner interview (H2012.099.014, North Tulsa Oral History Project)
  • Sally Nash interview (Indian-Pioneer Papers)
  • Waldo Jones interview (H2012.099.004, North Tulsa Oral History Project)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

  • Tolson, Arthur. The Black Oklahomans: A History, 1541–1972 (New Orleans, LA: Edwards Printing Company, 1973)
  • Washington, Booker T. "Boley, a Negro Town in the West," Outlook 88 (4 January 1908)

Voices of Oklahoma:

  • Bruce Fisher interview, Chapter 4
  • Margery Mayo Bird interview, Chapter 12
  • Nancy Feldman interview, Chapter 7
  • Otis Clark interview, Chapter 3–5
  • Ray Feldman interview, Chapter 17
  • Reuben Gant, Voices of Oklahoma, Chapters 12–15
  • Rex Calvert interview, Voices of Oklahoma, Chapter 2



  1. Summarize the impact of the national Socialist movement and organized labor on various segments of Oklahoma society including agriculture, mining, and state policies.

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OKLAHOMA HISTORY AND CULTURE

Bissett, Jim. "Socialist Party"
Dunbar, Fred W. "Coal-Mining Strikes"
Kite, Steven. "Twin-Territorial Federation of Labor," "Oklahoma State Federation of Labor"
Milligan, James C. "Farmer-Labor Reconstruction League," "Oklahoma Farmers' Union"
O'Dell, Larry, "Labor, Organized"

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • Adkison, Danny M. Oklahoma Politics and Policies: Governing the Sooner State, ed. David R. Morgan, Robert E. England, and George G. Humphreys (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1991)
  • Ameringer, Oscar. If You Don't Weaken: The Autobiography of Oscar Ameringer (New York: H. Holt and Co., 1940)
  • Bailey, James Paul. "Standing Out for Their Rights," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 76 (Fall 1998)
  • Bissett, Jim. Agrarian Socialists in America: Marx, Jefferson, and Jesus in the Oklahoma Countryside, 1904–1920 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1999)
  • Burbank, Garin. When Farmers Voted Red: The Gospel of Socialism in the Oklahoma Countryside, 1910–1924 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1976)
  • Daily Oklahoman (Oklahoma City), 24 February 1922
  • Dunbar, Fred W. Champion of the Working Man: The Life and Times of Peter Hanraty (New York: Carlton Press, 1991)
  • Federal Writers' Project of Oklahoma, Labor History of Oklahoma (Oklahoma City: A.M. Van Horn, 1939)
  • Federal Writers' Project Collection (box 65, 66 and box 73, folder 30, OHS)
  • Fite, Gilbert C. "The Nonpartisan League in Oklahoma," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 24 (Summer 1946)
  • John Dunning Political Collection (folder 10, OHS)
  • Kalisch, Philip A. "Ordeal of the Oklahoma Coal Miners: Coal Mine Disasters in the Sooner State, 1886–1945)," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 48 (Autumn 1970)
  • "Labor" (vertical files, OHS)
  • Meredith, Howard L. "The Agrarian Reform Press in Oklahoma, 1899–1922," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 50 (Spring 1972)
  • Milligan, James C. Oklahoma Farmer's Union: A History of the First 91 Years (Oklahoma city: Cottonwood Publications, 1997)
  • Oscar and Freda Ameringer Papers (OHS)
  • Peter Hanraty Collection (OHS)
  • Rubey, Diane M. "Capital Versus Labor in Tulsa: The Mid-Continent Strike of 1938–40," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 84 (Spring 2006)
  • Ryan, Frederick L. A History of Labor Legislation in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1932)
  • Ryan, Frederick L. "Radical Labor in Oklahoma: The Working Class Union," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 52 (Summer 1974)
  • Scales, James R. and Danney Goble. Oklahoma Politics: A History (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982)
  • Socialist Party Collection (OHS)
  • Thompson, John. Closing the Frontier: Radical Responses in Oklahoma, 1889–1923 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986)
  • Warrick, Sherry. "Radical Labor in Oklahoma: The Working Class Union," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 52 (Summer 1974)

Audio/Visual

  • Frederick Kellerman interview, 2/14/1985 (H1985.071, Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection, OHS)
  • Rickie Carano interview, 9/6/1984 (H1984.115, Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection, OHS)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

  • Green, James R. Grass-Roots Socialism: Radical Movements in the Southwest, 1895–1943 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1978)
  • Ryan, Frederick L. The Rehabilitation of Oklahoma Coal Mining Communities (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1935)
  • Saloutos, Theodore. Farmer Movements in the South, 1865–1933 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1960)



  1. Examine how the economic cycles of boom and bust of the oil industry affected major sectors of employment, mining, and the subsequent development of communities, as well as the role of entrepreneurs including J.J. McAlester, Frank Phillips, E.W. Marland, and Robert S. Kerr.

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OKLAHOMA HISTORY AND CULTURE

Agnew, Brad. "Twentieth-Century Oklahoma"
Allen, LaRadius. "James Jackson McAlester"
Castaneda, Christopher J. "Phillips Petroleum Company"
Everett, Dianna. "Manufacturing"
Franks, Kenny A. "Petroleum Industry"
Morgan, Anne Hodges, "Robert Samuel Kerr"
Mullins, William H. "Great Depression"
Peterson-Veatch, Ross. "Kerr-McGee Corporation"
Roberson, Glen. "Grand River Dam Authority"
Warner, Larkin. "Oklahoma Economy"
Weaver, Bobby D. "Ernest Whitworth Marland" and "Marland Oil Company"
Wimberly, Dan B. "Frank Freeman Phillips"

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • Dawes Roll Census Card, 22 September 1904, "James Jackson McAlester" (vertical file, OHS)
  • Debo, Angie. The WPA Guide to 1930s Oklahoma ([1941]; reprint, Lawrence: Kansas State University Press, 1986)
  • Everman, Michael. "Ernest Whitworth Marland, Governor of Oklahoma, 1935–1939," in Oklahoma's Governors 1929–1955: Depression to Prosperity, ed. LeRoy H. Fischer (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1983)
  • Ezell, John S. Innovations in Energy: The Story of Kerr-McGee (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1979)
  • Forbes, Gerald. "Southwestern Oil Boom Towns," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 17 (December 1939)
  • Franks, Kenny A. et al. Early Oklahoma Oil: A Photographic History, 1859–1936 (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1981)
  • Franks, Kenny A. The Oklahoma Petroleum Industry (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)
  • Gregory, Robert. Oil in Oklahoma (Muskogee, OK: Leake Industries 1976)
  • Hale, Douglas. "The People of Oklahoma: Economics and Social Change," in Oklahoma: New Views of the Forty-Sixth State, ed. Anne Hodges Morgan and H. Wayne Morgan (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982)
  • Hendrickson Jr., Kenneth. Hard Times in Oklahoma: The Depression Years (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1983)
  • Hightower, Michael J. "Cattle, Coal and Indian Land: A Tradition of Mining in Southeastern Oklahoma," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 62 (Spring 1984).
  • Kerr-McGee Corporation Collection (photographs, box 1, OHS)
  • Klein, John J. et al. The Oklahoma Economy (Stillwater: Department of Economics, College of Business Administration, Oklahoma State University, 1963)
  • Lowitt, Richard. "Water and Power: Developing the Grand River Dam Authority, Part 1, 1935–1944," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 87 (Summer 2009)
  • Mathews, John Joseph. Life and Death of an Oilman: The Career of E.W. Marland (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1951).
  • Nesbitt, Paul. "J. J. McAlester," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 11 (June 1933).
  • Rister, Carl Coke. Oil! Titan of the Southwest (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1949)
  • Wallis, Michael. Oil Man: The Story of Frank Phillips and the Birth of Phillips Petroleum (New York: Doubleday, 1988)
  • Worster, Donald. Dust Bowl: The Southern Plains in the 1930s (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979)

Audio/Visual

  • "Barbeque at Frank Phillips Woolorue Ranch" (23445.PF.48.1, Jopling Family Collection, OHS)
  • Blanche Garrison Collection (photographs, box 1, OHS)
  • Frederick S. Barde Collection (photographs, box 2, OHS)
  • Oklahoma Historical Society Photograph Collection (box 11, OHS)
  • Pioneer Woman Museum Collection (photographs, box 1, OHS)
  • "Polo game, Pepper Martin, Wiley Post's Parents, Elliot Roosevelt at Frank Phillips Ranch 1931–1935" (F2008.058.027, Arthur Ramsey Collection, OHS)
  • State Museum Collection (photographs, box 1, OHS)
  • "Street Scene Shortly after the Oil Boom had Started, c. 1916–16" (17642, Oklahoma Historical Society Photograph Collection, OHS)
  • "This is the way it looked for the first few years after the boom started in 1912," Drumright, Oklahoma (19659.4, Ira M. Spangler Collection, OHS)
  • "Wewoka Oil Boom Days of 1926–7" (19589.135.62.B, Alvin Rucker Collection, OHS)
  • "Wilsonville, Oklahoma, Middle of Little River Pool, Center Little River Boom" (13516, M.A. Yorks Collection, OHS)

Oklahoma Historical Society Film and Video Archives, YouTube Channel

Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection

  • C.B. Buchanan interview, 3/24/1983 (H1983.070)
  • Clarence A. Gregg interview, 5/31/1989 (H1989.028)
  • E.W. Marland interview (LL 118, Living Legends Oral History Collection)
  • George Pauls interview, 12/12/1984 (H1984.169)
  • H.H. Hughey interview, 4/18/1979 (H1987.071)
  • Laura Eley interview, 1/20/1983 (1983.130)
  • Mrs. James Grace interview, 4/18/1983 (H1983.083)
  • Paul L. Prather interview (H1988.094)
  • Robert Dunlap interview, 12/5/1984 (H1988.094)
  • Robert S. Kerr interview (LL 487, Living Legends Oral History Collection)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

  • Bryant Jr., Keith L. "Oklahoma and the New Deal," in The New Deal, Vol. 2, The State and Local Levels, ed. John Braeman, Robert H. Bremner, and David Brody (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1975)
  • Gunning, I.C. When Coal Mining Was King: Coal Mining in the Choctaw Nation (Eastern Oklahoma Historical Society, 1975)
  • J. J. McAlester Collection, Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma, Norman
  • Robert Samuel Kerr Papers, Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma, Norman
  • Warner, Larkin. "An Overview of Oklahoma's Economic History," Oklahoma Business Bulletin (September and December 1995)



  1. Cite specific textual and visual evidence to evaluate the impact of the boom and bust cycle of Oklahoma's agricultural production as a response to the needs of World War I, and its effect as a precursor of the Great Depression.

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OKLAHOMA HISTORY AND CULTURE

Bissett, Jim. "World War I"
Conrad, David E. "Tenant Farming and Sharecropping"
Fite, Gilbert C. "Farming"

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • Green, Donald E., ed. Rural Oklahoma (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1977)
  • Fite, Gilbert C. The Farmers' Frontier, 1865–1900 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, c. 1966)
  • Manes, Sheila. "Pioneers and Survivors: Oklahoma's Landless Farmers," in Oklahoma: New Views of the Forty-Sixth State, ed. Anne Hodges Morgan and H. Wayne Morgan (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982)
  • Olsen, Ralph E. "Agriculture in Oklahoma," in Geography of Oklahoma, ed. John W. Morris (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1977)

Audio/Visual

  • Clarence and Mattie Emerson interview, 4/23/1986 (H1986.033, Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection, OHS)
  • Every Easley interview, 11/13/1982 (H1982.018, Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection, OHS)
  • Percy Goff interview, 11/25/1986 (H1986.070, Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection, OHS)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

  • Fite, Gilbert C. American Agriculture and Farm Policy Since 1900 (New York: Macmillan, 1964).



  1. Cite specific textual and visual evidence of the environmental conditions and the impact of human mismanagement of resources resulting in the Dust Bowl including the migration of the Okies, the national perceptions of Oklahomans as shaped by The Grapes of Wrath, and the New Deal policies regarding conservation of natural resources.

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OKLAHOMA HISTORY AND CULTURE

Bryant Jr., Keith L. "New Deal"
Everett, Dianna. "Public Works Administration"
Fugate, Tally D. "National Youth Administration"
Gabbert, Jim "Farm Security Administration," "Resettlement Administration"
Hagan, William M. "The Grapes of Wrath"
Logsdon, Guy. "Dust Bowl Lore," "Okie (term)"
Mullins, William H. "Okie Migrations"
Mundende, D. Chongo. "Conservation Districts," "Soil and Water Conservation"
Schrems, Suzanne H. "Civilian Conservation Corps"
Wilhite, Donald A. "Dust Bowl"

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • Bailey, Paul. "Researching Tom Joad: John Steinbeck Journalist, 1936," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 83 (Spring 2005)
  • Bonnefield, Matthew Paul. The Dust Bowl: Men, Dirt, and Depression (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1979)
  • Daily Oklahoman (Oklahoma City), 17 November 1933, 17 May 1935, 27 September 1937, and 8 March 1941
  • Drake, R. Lawrence et al. History of Conservation in Oklahoma (Oklahoma City, OK: Quintella Printing, n.d.)
  • Durbin, William. The Journal of C.J. Jackson: A Dust Bowl Migrant (New York: Scholastic Inc., 2002)
  • Egan, Timothy. The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., c2006)
  • Floyd, Fred. A History of the Dust Bowl, (Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1950).
  • Gregory, James N. American Exodus: The Dust Bowl Migration and Okie Culture in California (1989; reprint, New York: Oxford University Press, 1991)
  • Turner, Alvin O., ed. Letters from the Dust Bowl (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, c2001)
  • Hendrickson Jr., Kenneth E., ed. Hard Times in Oklahoma: The Depression Years (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1983)
  • Holland, Reid A. "Life in Oklahoma's Civilian Conservation Corps," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 48 (Summer 1970)
  • Holland, Reid A. "The Civilian Conservation Corps in the City: Tulsa and Oklahoma City in the 1930s," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 53 (Fall 1975)
  • Johnson, Vance. Heaven's Tableland: The Dust Bowl Story (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1947)
  • Lowitt, Richard, "Farm Crisis in Oklahoma, Part 1," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 89 (Fall 2011), "Part 2," 89 (Winter 2011–12)
  • Manes, Shiela. "Pioneers and Survivors: Oklahoma's Landless Farmers," in Oklahoma: New Views of the Forty-Sixth State, ed. Anne Hodges Morgan and H. Wayne Morgan (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982)
  • McDonald, Angus Henry. Erosion and its Control in Oklahoma Territory (Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1938)
  • Schrems, Suzanne H. "A Lasting New Deal Legacy: The Civilian Conservation Corps, the National Park Service, and the Development of the Oklahoma State Park System," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 72 (Winter 1994–5)
  • Scott, Barbara Kerr. New Deal Art: The Oklahoma Experience, 1933–1943 (Lawton, OK: Cameron University, 2014)
  • Shindo, Charles J. Dust Bowl Migrants in the American Imagination (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1997)

Audio/Visual

  • "Black Sunday," Radio Broadcast, K-101 Woodward, 3/24/1935 (H1984.112, Oklahoma Historical Society Audio Collection, OHS)
  • Burns, Ken. The Dust Bowl, a production of Florentine Films and WETA Television, PBS, 2012
  • "Okie Madonna on Trail, Seeking Refuge from Dust" (21171.11, Minneapolis Public Library Collection, OHS)
  • Oklahoma Department of Transportation Collection (photographs, box 1, OHS)
  • Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection, Events, Dust Bowl (OHS)
  • Oklahoma Historical Society Photograph Collection, Events, Dust Bowl (OHS)
  • U.S. Soil Conservation Service Photographs (T. Bone McDonald Collection, box 1, OHS)

Oklahoma Historical Society Film and Video Archives, YouTube Channel

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

  • Bennett, Hugh Hammond and William R. Chapline. Soil Erosion: A National Menace, USDA Circular 33 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1928)
  • Bryant, Jr. Keith L. "Oklahoma and the New Deal," in The New Deal, Vol. 2, The State and Local Levels, ed. John Braeman, Robert H. Bremner, and David Brody (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1975)
  • Corbett, William. "The Resettlement Administration and Rural Resettlement in Oklahoma," The North Texas Historian 1 (November 1977)
  • Donohue, Agnes, ed. A Casebook on The Grapes of Wrath (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1968)
  • Hurt, R. Douglas. The Dust Bowl: An Agricultural and Social History (Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1981)
  • Logsdon, Guy. The Dust Bowl and the Migrant (Tulsa, OK: Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art, 1971)
  • National Youth Administration for Oklahoma: Summary of Accomplishment (Oklahoma City, OK: N.P., 1936)



  1. Describe the contributions of Oklahomans in 1920s and 1930s including Deep Deuce and African-American jazz musicians, Will Roger's and Woody Guthrie's political and social commentaries, Wiley Post's aviation milestones, and the artwork of the Kiowa Six (formerly the Kiowa Five).

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OKLAHOMA HISTORY AND CULTURE

Arnold, Anita G. "Second Street"
Carlson, Erik D. "Wiley Hardeman Post"
Carney, George O. "Blue Devils," "Jazz"
Logsdon, Guy. "Woodrow Wilson Guthrie"
May, Jon D. "Winnie Mae"
Watson, Douglas. "William Penn Adair Rogers"
Watson, Mary Jo. "Jack Hokeah," "James Auchiah," "Lois Smoky," "Monroe Tsatoke," "Oscar Brousse Jacobson," "Spencer Asah," and "Steven Mopope"

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • Anita Arnold Collection (OHS)
  • Arnold, Anita G. Charlie and the Deuce (Oklahoma City: Black Liberated Arts Center, 1994)
  • Arnold, Anita G. Legendary Times and Tales of Second Street (Oklahoma City: Black Liberated Arts Center, 1995)
  • Burke, Bob. From Oklahoma to Eternity: The Life of Wiley Post and the Winnie Mae (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Heritage Association, 1998)
  • Carney, George O. Oklahoma Jazz Artists: A Biographical Dictionary (Stillwater: Oklahoma State University Printing Services, 1992)
  • Carney, George O. "Oklahoma Jazz: Deep Second to 52nd Street," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 72 (Spring 1994)
  • Day, Donald, ed. The Autobiography of Will Rogers (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1949)
  • Dunn, Dorothy. American Indian Painting of the Southwest and Plains Area (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1968)
  • Federal Writers' Project Collection (box 70, OHS)
  • Guthrie, Woody. Bound for Glory (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1943)
  • Hannah Atkins Collection (box 3, folder 9, OHS)
  • Josephy Jr., Alvin M. The American Heritage History of Flight (New York: American Heritage Pub. Co., 1962)
  • Klein, Joe. Woody Guthrie: A Life (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1980)
  • Lester, Patrick D. The Biographical Directory of Native American Painters (Tulsa: OK: SIR Publications, 1995)
  • Lowe, Pat. Will Rogers Official Genealogy and Bibliography (Claremore, OK: Will Rogers Memorial, 1997)
  • Mohler, Stanley R. and Bobby H. Johnson. Wiley Post, His Winnie Mae, and the World's First Pressure Suit (Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1971)
  • Oklahoma City Deep Deuce (Max Nichols Collection, box 8, folder 4, OHS)
  • "Oscar Jacobson" (vertical file, OHS)
  • Savage Jr., William W. Singing Cowboys and All That Jazz: A Short History of Popular Music in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1983)
  • Seeger, Pete. Woody Guthrie Folk Songs: A Collection of Songs (New York: Ludlow Music, c1963)
  • Snodgrass, Jeanne O. American Indian Painters: A Biographical Directory (New York: The Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, 1968)
  • Sterling, Bryan B. and Frances N. Sterling. The Best of Will Rogers (New York: Crown, 1979)
  • Sterling, Bryan B. and Frances N. Sterling. Will Rogers and Wiley Post: Death at Barrow (New York: M. Evans and Company, Inc., 1993)
  • Wertheim, Arthur Frank. The Papers of Will Rogers (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995)
  • Wertheim, Arthur Frank. Will Rogers at the Ziegfeld Follies (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992)
  • "Winnie Mae" (vertical file, OHS)
  • "Woody Guthrie" (Historic Oklahoma Collection, OHS)
  • "Woody Guthrie was a rambling man from Oklahoma,' The Sunday Oklahoman, 11 July 1971
  • Yagoda, Ben. Will Rogers: A Biography (New York: HarperCollins Publisher, 1993)
  • Zella Patterson Collection (box 5, OHS)

AUDIO/VISUAL

  • "Birthplace of Will Rogers" (19687, Chester R. Cowen Collection, OHS)
  • "Day Before Post/Rogers Fatal Crash (1935)" (23348.3, Herbert M. Peck Collection, OHS)
  • "Last Flight" (19336.50, Wiley Post Collection, OHS)
  • "Will Rogers" (Historic Oklahoma Collection, Minor Collections, OHS)
  • Will Rogers Papers Project Collection (M2013.411 location 1752.04, OHS)
  • "Will Rogers, Cherokee, Wiley Post" (9972, Lee Harkins Collection, OHS)
  • "Will Rogers and Wiley Post, Will Rogers Memorial Acct." (21412.M62.26, Barney Hillerman Collection, OHS)

Oklahoma Historical Society Film and Video Archives, YouTube Channel

Oklahoma Historical Society Oral Histories

  • Alfred Stanley Dennie interview (H2012.099.001, North Tulsa Oral History Project)
  • Ernie Fields Sr. interview (H1994.104.D, North Tulsa Oral History Project)
  • Ernest "Ernie" Keahbone interview, 12/10/1998 (H1998.081)
  • Guy Logsdon interview on Woody Guthrie, 4/4/1977 (LL 886, Living Legends Oral History Collection)
  • Leon Nelson interview, 4/15/2003 (H2003.016)
  • Will Rogers Jr. interview, 2/5/1974 (LL 598, Living Legends Oral History Collection)
  • Woody Guthrie (LL 953.A-B, LL 435, LL 419, LL 418, LL 410, Living Legends Oral History Collection)
  • "Woody Guthrie-Long Way" Smithsonian Recording (1994) (H1994.059)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

  • Atkins, Hannah. "The Jazzmen: From the Blue Devils through Bennie Moten to Count Basie," Oklahoma Monthly 20 (Winter 1969–70)
  • Bell, Judith and Nora Guthrie, eds. Woody Guthrie Songs (New York: TRO Ludlow Music, 1999)
  • Bilstein, Roger. Flight in American: 1903–1983 (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984)
  • Carter, Joseph. Never met a Man I Didn't Like (New York: Avon Books, 1991)
  • Feather, Leonard and Ira Gitler. The Book of Jazz: From Then Till Now (Rev. ed; New York: Dell Publishing Co., 1976)
  • Guthrie, Woody. Pastures of Plenty: A Self-Portrait, ed. David Marsh and Harold Leventhal (New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1990)
  • Guthrie, Woody. Seeds of Man: An Experience Lived and Dreamed (New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1976)
  • "Jack Hokeah, Kiowa," Oscar Jacobson Collection, Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma, Norman
  • Pearson Jr., Nathan W. Goin' to Kansas City (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987)
  • Russell, Ross. Jazz Style in Kansas City and the Southwest (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971)
  • Samuels, Harold and Peggy Samuels, The Illustrated Biographical Encyclopedia of Artists of the American West (Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co, Inc., 1976)
  • Santelli and Emily Davidson, eds., Hard Travelin': The Life and Legacy of Woody Guthrie (Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1999)
  • Smyth, Willie ed., Juneteenth on Greenwood: A Celebration of Oklahoma's Black Music Traditions (Oklahoma City: State Arts Council of Oklahoma, 1989)
  • "Spencer Asah Lallo Little Boy," Oscar Jacobson Collection, Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma, Norman
  • Sterling, Bryan B. and Frances N. Sterling. Forgotten Eagle: Wiley Post, America's Heroic Aviation Pioneer (New York: Carroll and Graf Publishers, 2001)



  1. Summarize and analyze the impact of mobilization for World War II including the establishment of military bases and prisoner of war installations and the contributions of Oklahomans to the war effort including the Native American code talkers and the 45th Infantry Division.

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF OKLAHOMA HISTORY AND CULTURE

Agnew, Brad, "World War II"
Corbett, Bill. "Prisoner of War Camps"
Crowder, James L. "Clinton-Sherman Air Force Base"
Crowder, James L. "Tinker Air Force Base"
Everett, Dianna. "Camp Gruber"
Fugate, Tally D. "Midwest City Douglas Aircraft Company Plant"
Gonzales, Mike. "Forty-fifth Infantry Division"
Guinan, Richard S. "Altus Air Force Base"
Hedglen, Thomas L. "Vance Air Force Base"
Meadows, William C. "Code Talkers"

RESEARCH CENTER RESOURCES

Library

  • "Altus Air Force Base" (vertical file, OHS)
  • "Camp Gruber" (vertical file, OHS)
  • Camp Gruber Collection, (OHS)
  • Corbett, William P. "They Hired Every Farmer in the Country: Establishing the Prisoner of War Camp at Tonkawa," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 69 (Winter 1991–92)
  • Craven,Wesley and James L. Cate, eds. The Army Air Forces in World War II, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1948–58)
  • Crowder, James L. "More Valuable Than Oil': The Establishment and Development of Tinker Air Force Base, 1940–49," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 70 (Fall 1992)
  • Crowder, James L. Tinker Air Force Base Place Names and Memorializations (Oklahoma City: Office of History, Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center, 1993)
  • Daily Oklahoman (Oklahoma City) 28 July 1937
  • Eastman Jr., James N. "Location and Growth of Tinker Air Force Base and Oklahoma City Air Material Area," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 50 (Autumn 1972)
  • Forty-Fifth Infantry Division, The Fighting Forty-fifth: The Combat Report of an Infantry Division (Baton Rouge, LA: Army and Navy Publishing Co., 1946)
  • Fran Barker Collection (OHS)
  • Franks, Kenny A. Citizen Soldiers: Oklahoma's National Guard (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1984)
  • Hale, Duane K. "Uncle Sam's Warriors: American Indians in World War II," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 69 (Winter 1991–92)
  • Hirschfelder, Arlene and Martha Kreipe de Montano. The Native American Almanac: A Portrait of Native Americans Today (New York: Prentice Hall General Reference, 1993)
  • "Indians in the War, 1945" (Minor Collections, OHS)
  • Kelly, Leo. "Altus Air Force: Sentinel of Southwest Oklahoma," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 75 (Fall 1997)
  • Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center, Office of History. Tinker Air Force Base: Sixty Years of History, 1942–2002 (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center, 2002)
  • Owens, Oscar Lee. A History of the Second World War: A Remembrance, An Appreciation, A Memorial (Oklahoma City: Victory Pub. Co., 1948)
  • Owens, Oscar Lee. The Fighting Men of Oklahoma, 2 Vols. (Oklahoma City, OK: Victory Publishing Co., 1946)
  • Steelman, Danny. "German Prisoners of War in America: Oklahoma's Prisoner of War Operations During World War II," The Oklahoma State Historical Review 4 (Spring 1983)
  • Warner, Richard S. "Barbed Wire and Nazilagers: PW Camps in Oklahoma," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 64 (Spring 1986)
  • Wilson, Terry Paul. "The Afrika Korps in Oklahoma: Fort Reno's Prisoner of War Compound," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 52 (Fall 1974)
  • "World War, 1939–1945" (vertical file, OHS)

Audio/Visual

  • A Sense of Duty (1961) (F2010.108.1.029, Oklahoma Historical Society Film and Video Collection, OHS)
  • A. Y. Owen Collection (OHS)
  • "Camp Gruber" (Chester R. Cowen Collection, photographs, box 3, OHS)
  • "Comanche Code Talkers Monument Dedication" (Chester R. Cowen Collection, photographs, box 6, OHS)

Oklahoma Historical Society Oral History Collection

  • Bill Willett interview, 11/18/1976, 45th Infantry Division during WWII and Korean War (H1988.027)
  • Carol Robertson interview, 2/13/1985, civilian who worked on military bases during WWII (H1985.022)
  • Emil Fehrentz interview, 8/28/1987, POW at Camp Gruber (H1987.230)
  • Fritz Kloppe interview, 4/30/1985, POW at Camp Gruber (H1985.167)
  • Hadden Codynah interview, 4/8/1987, worked with Comanche Code Talkers (H1987.016)
  • Hans Moells interview, 8/28/1987, POW at Camp Gruber (H1987.231)
  • Heinrich Routhauge interview, 9/5/1986, POW at Camp Gruber (H1986.055)
  • Heinz Koegler interview, 4/30/1985, POW at Camp Gruber (H1985.166)
  • Joseph Bleul interview, 8/28/1987, POW at Camp Gruber (H1987.232)
  • Kurt Schaefer interview, 4/30/1985, POW at Camp Gruber (H1985.168)
  • Trummer interview, POW at Camp Gruber (H1986.089)
  • Mrs. Johannes Mueller interview, 8/27/1987, POW at Camp Gruber (H1987.229)
  • Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Meeks interview, 11/3/1983, draftsman at Tinker Air Force base during WWII (H1983.165)
  • Pendleton Woods interview, 9/10/1999, 45th Infantry Division, POW in Germany (H1999.126)
  • Roderick Red Elk interview, 6/21/1988, Comanche Code Talker during WWII (H1988.090)
  • Walter Bindle interview, 4/30/1985, POW at Camp Gruber (H1985.165)
  • Wilson Laurent interview, 12/14/1982, worked at Tinker Air Force base during WWII (H1982.059)

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

  • Krammer, Arnold. Nazi Prisoners of War in America (Chelsea, MD: Scarborough House, 1996)
  • Lewis, George G. and John Mewha. History of Prisoner of War Utilization by the United States Army, 1776–1945 (Washington D.C.: Department of the Army, 1955)
  • Meadows, William C. Kiowa, Apache, and Comanche Military Societies: Enduring Veterans, 1800 to the Present (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1999)
  • Meadows, William C. The Comanche Code Talkers of World War II (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2002)
  • Reise, Jack et al. Tinker Air Force Base: A Pictorial History (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1982–83)
  • Shettle, M.L. United States Naval Air Stations of World War II, Vol. 2, Western States (St. Paul, MN: Motorbooks International, 1997)
  • "Tonkawa POW Camp." vertical file, Northern Oklahoma College Library, Northern Oklahoma College, Tonkawa
  • "Vance Air Force Base," vertical file, Enid/Garfield County Public Library, Enid, Oklahoma



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