Anthropology is the study of people and their culture and includes four different branches: archaeological, biological, cultural, and linguistic. Archaeology is one of the four branches of anthropology and consists of several subtypes. The word archaeology comes from two Greek words, archaia, which means ancient things and logos, which means theory or science, meaning archaeology is the study of all ancient things that were made or changed by humans. Archaeology in Oklahoma is an integral part of its history. There have been eight-thousand year old artifacts found in many parts of the state. Archaeology helps to answer some questions about the history of the United States. [It is important to understand that paleontology is the study of prehistoric animal bones and fossils, like mammoths and dinosaurs. This is NOT archaeology.]

This webpage allows you to learn more about archaeology in Oklahoma. First, read the “Background pages” for more information. Then, look at the “Important Sites” in Oklahoma page to learn more about different influential sites. The activities section has coloring sheets, games, and other activities which can be done as part of a group or on your own.

Field work being done on the steamboat Heroine

Types of Archaeology

  • Maritime Archaeology is the study of underwater human artifacts, typically shipwrecks
  • Landscape Archaeology is the study of geographical ordering of sites.
  • Osteology is the study of bones, human and animal.
  • Paleopathology is the study of old diseases in humans and animals found in archaeological sites.
  • Paleoethnobotany is the study of old plants and plant materials found in archaeological sites.