Doaksville is an archaeological site located northwest of the modern town of Fort Towson. Doaksville was abandoned around the same time as Fort Towson and named after the man that owned the first trading post in the town, Josiah S. Doaks. This town was a trading post in the 1820s and was the capital of the Choctaw Nation. Doaksville is where the food allotment for the Choctaw nation was sent and where the tribe conducted their business and tribal courts. Doaksville was also a center of major transportation in the Indian Territory. When Fort Towson was abandoned, the economic markets in Doaksville declined and eventually led to the town being abandoned.
Before archaeologists excavated, they surveyed the one-acre site, which is a little more than one football field, and looked for evidence of artifacts and features. After they surveyed, they excavated the features found and recorded their context. Some of the features they found included foundations, a brick hearth, and a wood cellar. There were over thirty buildings that comprised the town when it was occupied. Some of the artifacts they found in their matrixes were burnt ceramic sherds, a limestone chimney, and nails. Unfortunately, many of the artifacts and features were changed due to looting and vandalism.
After excavation, the archaeologist went back to the lab and placed the artifacts into classifications, typically using seriation, so they could better understand the evidence. The purpose of excavating this site was to gather information about life in Doaksville.
John Davis. Doaksville: Hub of the Choctaw Nation. (Oklahoma: Oklahoma Historical Society, 2008.)
Oklahoma Historical Society. The Centennial Master Plan: Fort Towson Historic Site. Jan 2002