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The African American Civil Rights Movement in Oklahoma

Bibliography

Books

Blee, Kathleen M. Women of the Klan: Racism and Gender in the 1920s. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

Burke, Bob and Angela Monson. Roscoe Dunjee, Champion of Civil Rights. Edmond: University of Central Oklahoma Press, 1998.

Ellsworth, Scott. Death in a Promised Land: The Tulsa Race Riot of 1921. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1992.

Fisher, Ada Lois Sipuel. A Matter of Black and White: The Autobiography of Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996.

Franklin, Jimmie Lewis. The Blacks in Oklahoma. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980.

Franklin, Jimmie Lewis. Journey Toward Hope: A History of Blacks in Oklahoma. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982.

Gubert, Betty Kaplan, Miriam Sawyer, and Caroline Fannin. Distinguished African Americans in Aviation and Space Science. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002.

Hart, Philip S. America's First Black Aviators. Minneapolis: First Avenue Editions, 1996. Luper, Clara. Behold the Walls. N.P.: Jim Wire, 1979.

Madigan, Tim. The Burning: Massacre, Destruction, and the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2001. Teall, Kaye M. Black History in Oklahoma: A Resource Book. Oklahoma City Public Schools, 1971.

Journal Articles

Graves, Carl R. "The Right to Be Served: Oklahoma City's Lunch Counter Sit-Ins, 1958-1964," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 59 (Summer 1981).

Levy, David W. "The Rise and Fall and Rise and Fall of Edwin 'Daddy' Debarr." The Chronicles of Oklahoma 3 (Fall 2010).

Online Sources

"All Black Towns of Oklahoma Map." http://www.okhistory.org/historycenter/blacktowns/allblacktownsmap.php (accessed August 5, 2016).

Clark, Otis. Interview by John Erling, November 23, 2009. Voices of Oklahoma Oral History Series. http://www.voicesofoklahoma.com/interview/clark-otis/ (accessed August 5, 2016).

Fisher, Bruce. Interview by John Erling. July 2, 2015. Voices of Oklahoma Oral History Series. http://www.voicesofoklahoma.com/interview/sipuel-fisher-ada-lois/ (accessed August 5, 2016).

"Tulsa Race Riot: A Report by the Oklahoma Commission to Study the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921." (2001) http://www.okhistory.org/research/forms/freport.pdf (accessed September 26, 2012).

"Teaching Tolerance," Southern Poverty Law Center.http://www.tolerance.org/mix-it-up/what-is-mix (accessed November 27, 2012).

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

Atkins, Hannah. "Franklin, John Hope," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=FR003 (accessed August 5, 2016).

Burton, Art T. "Reeves, Bass," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=RE020 (accessed August 5, 2016).

Decker, Stefanie Lee. "Atkins, Hannah Diggs," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=AT002 (accessed August 5, 2016).

Decker, Stefanie Lee. "Luper, Clara Shepard," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=LU005 (accessed August 5, 2016).

Decker, Stephanie. "Miles-LaGrange, Vicki," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=MI021 (accessed August 5, 2016).

Henry, Robert H., "Civil Rights Movement," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=CI010 (accessed September 25, 2012).

Smallwood, James M., "Segregation," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=SE006 (accessed September 25, 2012).

Everett, Dianna. "Edwards, Walter J.," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=ED012 (accessed August 5, 2016).

Everett, Dianna, "Lynching," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=LY001 (accessed September 25, 2012).

Everett, Dianna. "Pickett, William," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=PI003 (accessed August 5, 2016).

Franklin, Jimmie Lewis. "African Americans," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=AF003 (accessed August 5, 2016).

Glasrud, Bruce A. "Buffalo Soldiers," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and
Culture. http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=BU005 (accessed August 5, 2016).

Hall, Melvin C. "Fisher, Ada Lois Sipuel," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=FI009 (accessed August 5, 2016).

Laprarie, Michael. "Fields, Ernie," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=FI003 (accessed August 5, 2016).

O'Dell, Larry, "Ku Klux Klan," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=KU001 (accessed September 25, 2012).

O'Dell, Larry, "Porter, Edward Melvin," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=PO017 (accessed August 03, 2016).

Smallwood, James M., "NAACP in Oklahoma," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=NA001 (accessed September 25, 2012).

Taylor, Gordon O. "Ellison, Ralph Waldo," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History
and Culture. http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=EL009 (accessed August 5, 2016).

Thompson, John H. L., "Dunjee, Roscoe," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=DU007 (accessed September 25, 2012).

Film and Video

Children of the Civil Rights
Documentary based on Clara Luper and her students' efforts to desegregate Oklahoma City, available for purchase here http://www.childrenofthecivilrightsfilm.com/

Freedom Riders
PBS Film https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DcvsWXrS2PI

The Night Tulsa Burned
History Channel Film https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLwVxyD7A98

Struggle and Hope film series https://www.youtube.com/struggleandhope2016