Glossary

Grade 1

courage – doing what needs to be done even if you are afraid
equality – when everyone is treated the same
fairness – treating people equally
hero – a person who does something extraordinary for others
respect – treating others the way you would want to be treated

Grade 2

mob – a crowd of angry people
protests – when an individual or group of people publicly show that they disagree with something they feel is bad
race – a group of people defined by others based on common physical features such as skin color
racism – when someone judges others based on the color of their skin
resistance – going against something
violence – physical attack

Grade 3

Civil Rights Movement – The movement by which African Americans fought to achieve equality as citizens in American society.
integration – allowing whites, blacks, and all races to be together
riot – a crowd of angry people that become violent and destroy property
segregation – when people of different races are kept separate, either by law or by custom
slavery – being under the control of another person and being forced to work without pay

 Grade 4

African Americans – Americans of African descent
Freedmen – African Americans who were either set free by their masters or after the Civil War
Jim Crow Laws – laws that made segregation legal
Ku Klux Klan (KKK) – a racist secret society
lynching – when a group of people murder someone, usually by hanging, without first giving them a trial
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) – an organization that fought for African American civil rights

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