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The Land Run of 1889

Glossary

Allotment: A piece of land given or obtained by an individual or family.

Boomers: Settlers, like David Payne, who tried to live on land that was not open to the public.

Claim: Piece of land obtained in the land run.

Communal: The sharing of ownership or resources.

Conveniences: Tools or technology that make life easier.

Cow chips: Pieces of manure that were often burned for warmth by pioneers on the Great Plains.

Frontier: Wilderness or areas with few settlers or towns.

Homesteaders: Pioneers or people who live in sparsely populated areas that require self-sufficiency.

Improvements: Building a home, barn, shop, etc., on one's land claim to prove that they were using it appropriately.

Proclamation: A public or official announcement.

Public domain: Belonging to the state or national government.

Reservation: A area where many American Indians were confined along with other tribal members before the Dawes Act divided Indian land into individual allotments.

Settlers: A person who lives in an area with few people.

Sod home: A sort of hut made with walls of dirt and mud or dug out of the side of a hill.

Treaties: Written agreements between parties or people.

Unoccupied: Empty.

Widow: A woman whose husband has died.