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BROKEN BOW.

Located at the junction of U.S. Highways 70 and 259, Broken Bow, in McCurtain County, is situated in the southeastern corner of Oklahoma. The town was incorporated and the post office established on September 23, 1911. Although Broken Bow was located on land previously owned by Choctaw, it did not receive its name from its local American Indian roots. Instead, it was named after Broken Bow, Nebraska, the home of Herman and Fred Dierks, who had moved to southeastern Oklahoma to establish the Choctaw Lumber Company. The area platted for Broken Bow was at the eastern terminus of the Texas, Oklahoma and Eastern Railroad. The small, shack-and-tent community of Newtown had already sprung up to support the workers moving in to work for the Dierks's lumber company. The land on the north side of the tracks was designated for residences, schools, churches, and retailers. The land south of the tracks was reserved for the lumber mill, employee housing, and other parts of the Choctaw Lumber Company. The firm provided a doctor for its workers and their families and built a hospital chiefly for the company employees but open to anyone needing care.

By 1920 the city had grown to a population of 1,983, and by 1923 Broken Bow enjoyed a public water and sewage system and electric lighting. Five churches, two elementary schools, a high school, and thirty-two businesses were established. There were three lawyers, two dentists, and five physicians. The population of Broken Bow has shown a steady increase from 1,983 in 1920 to 4,230 in 2000, except for a decline between 1940 to 1950, when the number decreased by 7.77 percent. Broken Bow's population in 1990 was 3,961 residents and in 2010, 4,120.

At the beginning of the twenty-first century timber remained the economic base of Broken Bow. The Dierks brothers sold their holdings in Oklahoma (and Arkansas) to Weyerhaeuser Company in late 1969. Included was the Broken Bow mill, then one of the largest lumber mills in the nation. Another important business in the area is Tyson Industries' chicken-processing plant. Originally established by Lane Industry in 1970, the Broken Bow plant currently processes an average of one million birds per week. The tourism industry is also an integral part of the local economy. Twelve miles north of Broken Bow is Beavers Bend State Park and Resort. More than 1.3 million visitors per year take advantage of the superb recreational facilities offered around the park's Broken Bow Lake, created on the Mountain Fork River by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in the 1960s.

G. Paulette LaGasse

See also: FORESTRY, FORESTRY CULTURE, SETTLEMENT PATTERNS

Bibliography

Broken Bow History Committee, Broken Bow: The First Seventy-five Years ([Broken Bow, Okla.]: Broken Bow Alumni Association, 1985).

William Arthur Carter, McCurtain County and Southeast Oklahoma (Fort Worth, Tex.: Tribune Publishing Co., 1923).

McCurtain County: A Pictorial History, Vol. 2 (N.p.: McCurtain County Historical Society, 1982).

McCurtain (Idabel, Oklahoma) Daily Gazette, 22 June 1980.

McCurtain (Idabel, Oklahoma) Gazette, 2 May 1914.

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The following (as per The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition) is the preferred citation for articles:
G. Paulette LaGasse, "Broken Bow," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, www.okhistory.org (accessed November 24, 2017).

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