Home > PublicationsEncyclopedia >  Auchiah, James

AUCHIAH, JAMES (1906–1974).

One of the celebrated Kiowa artists of the twentieth century, James Auchiah was born in western Oklahoma on November 17, 1906. His paintings, along with those of four other Kiowa men and one Kiowa woman, were among the first nationally and internationally recognized fine art produced by North American Indians. He was born near the present community of Medicine Park, located just outside of Lawton, Oklahoma. He was the son of Mark Auchiah and grandson of Chief Satanta. He was also the grandson of Red Tipi, a well-known medicine man and a talented artist.

Early in life Auchiah and other Kiowa youths were given art lessons by Kiowa Field Matron Susie Peters. He attended St. Patrick's Mission School near Anadarko and attended special art classes with other Kiowa at the University of Oklahoma during the late 1920s under the tutelage of professors Edith Mahier and Oscar Jacobson, director of the School of Art. Auchiah served in the U.S. Coast Guard during World War II and worked part time at the U.S. Army Artillery and Missile Center Museum at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. In the 1930s he completed murals at the Wiley Post Building (at that time the Oklahoma Historical Society building) in Oklahoma City, at the Oklahoma Federal Building in Anadarko, and at St. Patrick's Mission.

Auchiah's work can be found in numerous private and public collections, including the Fort Sill Museum and the Gilcrease Museum. He continued to paint and teach art until his death on December 28, 1974, at Carnegie, Oklahoma. He received an award in 1930 at the Inter-Tribal Ceremonials in Gallup, New Mexico, and is noted in numerous exhibitions, art reviews, books, and articles.

Mary Jo Watson

See also: AMERICAN INDIANS, ART–AMERICAN INDIAN, SPENCER ASAH, JACK HOKEAH, KIOWA, OSCAR BROUSSE JACOBSON, STEVEN MOPOPE, LOIS SMOKY, MONROE TSATOKE

Bibliography

Dorothy Dunn, American Indian Painting of the Southwest and Plains Area (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1968).

Patrick D. Lester, The Biographical Directory of Native American Painters (Tulsa, Okla.: SIR Publications, 1995).

Copyright and Terms of Use

No part of this site may be construed as in the public domain.

Copyright to all articles and other content in the online and print Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History is held by the Oklahoma Historical Society. This includes individual articles (copyright to OHS by author assignment) and corporately (as a complete body of work), including web design, graphics, searching functions, and listing/browsing methods. Copyright to all of these materials is protected under United States and International law.

Users agree not to download, copy, modify, sell, lease, rent, reprint, or otherwise distribute these materials, or to link to these materials on another web site, without authorization of the Oklahoma Historical Society. Individual users must determine if their use of the Materials falls under United States copyright law's "Fair Use" guidelines and does not infringe on the proprietary rights of the Oklahoma Historical Society as the legal copyright holder of The Encyclopedia and part or in whole.

Photo credits: All photographs presented in the published and online Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture are the property of the Oklahoma Historical Society and are held in the agency's Research Division Photo Archives.


Citation

The following (as per The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition) is the preferred citation for articles:
Mary Jo Watson, "Auchiah, James," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, www.okhistory.org (accessed October 18, 2017).

About the Encyclopedia | Terms of Use | Using the Encyclopedia