Land Tract Book SearchResearchers can now request a search of the Federal Land Track Books for $10.
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About Land Records
Oklahoma has had individual land ownership for a little more than a century. It began in 1902 in the Indian Territory with the allotment of lands by the Dawes Commission. Prior to that time, land in the Indian Territory was communal property and belonged to the respective Indian nation in which an individual lived. In Oklahoma Territory, with the exception of Indian allotments by the Jerome Commission in the late 1880s, ownership began in 1889, and spread with each of the land openings. The last land opening in Oklahoma Territory, with the minor exception of the salt plains in Alfalfa County, was in 1906. Land ownership in the Panhandle was possible after the first official survey was done for the area in the 1890s.
Oklahoma statehood occurred November 16, 1907, by joining Oklahoma Territory and the Indian Territory. The newest county in Oklahoma was formed in 1912.
The record books of the thirty judicial Recording Districts, the transitional form of government in the Indian Territory just prior to statehood, were not as a general practice preserved by the newly formed state counties. Consequently, the earliest land records in those counties start in November 1907.
In the Oklahoma Territory region, including the Panhandle, several large counties were divided into smaller counties. This may affect the location of county land records.
1889 Oklahoma County Database & Plat Map
This database includes names of US land patent homesteads for Oklahoma County, Indian Territory, 1889. Search now.
1901 Land Lottery
El Reno Land Lottery - Names Drawn This index includes more than 8,000 names of individuals whose names were drawn in the 1901 land lottery. The names are extracted from "Names of the El Reno Land District Homesteader Filings, 1902" published by H.H. Edwards in Guthrie, Oklahoma. View the index.
El Reno Lottery Tickets - The OHS collection includes the actual land lottery tickets for some individuals who participated in the 1901 El Reno and Lawton land lottery but did not receive land. Find out more.
Counties formed from Indian Territory
Adair, Atoka, Bryan, Carter, Cherokee, Choctaw, Coal, Craig, Creek, Delaware, Garvin, Haskell, Hughes, Johnston, Latimer, LeFlore, Love, Marshall, Mayes, McClain, McCurtain, McIntosh, Murray, Muskogee, Nowata, Okfuskee, Okmulgee, Ottawa, Pittsburg, Pontotoc, Pushmataha, Rogers, Seminole, Sequoyah, Tulsa, Wagoner, Washington
Counties formed from Oklahoma Territory
Alfalfa, Beckham, Blaine, Caddo, Canadian, Cleveland, Comanche, Cotton, Custer, Dewey, Ellis, Garfield, Grant, Greer, Harmon, Harper, Jackson, Kay, Kingfisher, Kiowa, Lincoln, Logan, Major, Noble, Oklahoma, Osage, Pawnee, Payne, Pottawatomie, Roger Mills, Washita, Woods, Woodward
Counties formed from both territories (mostly the Indian Territory)
Grady, Jefferson, Stephens
Beaver, Cimmaron, and Texas.
More Resources for Land Records
Federal Land Tract Books
This microfilm collection offers information about homesteaders in Oklahoma Territory from 1889 to 1907. These 72 volumes include a physical description of the homestead, the amount of land, date and place of original registration, and the date of the final certificate. The Tract Books are arranged by township and range, not by surname.
The Research Center now offers a $10 Express service to search the Land Tract Books. Researchers must include the individual's name and the county in which they received land. Use the express order form to order by mail. If you wish to order by phone call (405) 522-5225; please have your credit card ready.
Plat Maps & Atlases
Plat maps and atlases are available for select areas, including:
- Woods County, 1906 - G4023.W6031.1906
- Garfield County, 1940 and 1906 Miscellaneous Microfilm #143
- Oklahoma County, 1907 - G4023.O4O35.1907
- Payne County, 1907 - Microfilm AMD 78, Misc. M.F. No. 601
- Ellis County, 1910 - G4023.E4W4.1910
- Harper County, 1910 - G4023.H3W4.1910
- Woodward County, 1910 - G4023.W7W4.1910
- Noble County, 1912 - G4023.N5035.1912
- Kiowa County, 1913 - G4023.K5.1913
- Kay County, 1921 - Miscellaneous Microfilm #155
- Grant County, 1928 - G1366.G75.1928
The following county directories contain either legal land descriptions (section, township, range) or provide the name of the township in which the person resides:
- Custer County Oklahoma Land Deed Map circa 1910, index by Mary Ann Linn LaRue F702 C9 L3 1990
- Directory of Garfield County, 1896. F702 G25 C7
- Business and Resident Directory of Guthrie and Logan County, Oklahoma, September 1, 1892.) City Directory/Guthrie/1892
- Official Directory of Guthrie and Logan County (1898.) F704 G9A2 1898
- Oklahoma City and County Directory, 1900-1901.
- The Homesteaders of Oklahoma County, Okla., compiled by Virgil Harris F702 O55 H3/ volumes 1 & 2
- Woods County Directory, 1895. F702 W7 H38
Indian Territory Land Records
- Township Plats of Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory showing land allotted to the Cherokee Indians. Miscellaneous Microfilm No. 585
- Hastain's Township Plats of the Creek Nation (1910) E99 C9 H3 REF
- Index to Choctaw-Chickasaw Deeds and Allotments, by E. Hastain (1908) E99 C8 H1 There is a supplement available to this title.
- Tract Books, Box 19 pt. 2 (Indian allotments in the far northeastern corner of the Indian Territory)
- Forgotten Oklahoma Records: "Cherokee Land Allotment Book", by Fredrea Cook (1981) F693 C66 v. 1 see Tract Books, Box 19 pt. 2
The 1900 Oklahoma Territory Census and the 1910 Oklahoma Census often indicate the township in which a person lived at the time of the census. The library has Oklahoma county township maps on reference that can be used to identify the township and range of that named municipal township within the county of interest.
School Land Records
Sections 16 and 36 of government townships (township and range) were usually reserved as School Land, which could be leased but not homesteaded. The money from School Land was designated by the Oklahoma Territory, and its successor the State of Oklahoma, to go to the support of specific colleges and universities. Some townships, however, had no sections of School Land, and some were almost entirely School Land. The School Land Tract Books are kept in the State Archives, Oklahoma Department of Libraries.
Townsite Lot Records
Townsite lot records were kept in Townsite Trustee Books. When available, these can be found at the town's city hall or at the county seat.