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Historical Markers

Albert Expedition
Blaine County
At this location on October 1, 1845, a military expedition to the Rocky Mountains under the command of James William Albert paused on its return journey to sketch the buttes appearing to the south. This was the first expedition to make the overland trip with a train of wagons from Bent's Fort, in present-day Colorado, down the Canadian River to Fort Gibson.
Located 1 1/2 mile northwest, then one mile north and seven miles west of the Canadian River bridge on former US Highway 66

Cantonment
Blaine County
Colonel Richard Dodge established this post in March of 1879 as part of the US Army's attempt to intercept hostile American Indians raiding into Kansas and Nebraska. Major General Philip H. Sheridan directed the construction of the post on the Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation. Three years later, the stone buildings were abandoned and were eventually used as a Mennonite mission, a federal Indian school, and Indian agency.
Located on OK-51, 1/2 mile west of Canton

CCC-Roman Nose State Park
Blaine County
Men of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) built roads and buildings in the state park during the Great Depression. Opened in 1937, the park is located on land that Cheyenne Chief Henry Roman Nose used as a campground. Chief Roman Nose was a veteran of Plains Indian warfare. He was imprisoned at Fort Marion, Florida, then attended school at Hampton Institute in Virginia and at Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania.
Located on OK-A8 off OK-51 in Roman Nose State Park north of Watonga

Chief Left Hand
Blaine County
Chief Left Hand was born in the 1840s near Fort Supply. This noted warrior and survivor of the Sand Creek Massacre attended the Medicine Lodge conference in 1867 which resulted in the removal of his people to Indian Territory. He became principal chief of the Southern Arapaho in 1889 and encouraged his tribe to accept the white man's ways. However, he believed the Ghost Dance movement promised a return to the old ways. His allotment included this site, then known as Raven Springs, now Left Hand Springs. In the early 1900s blindness forced Chief Left Hand to relinquish his position as chief.
Located at Jessie Chisholm's grave site near Left Hand Springs northeast of Geary

Chief Roman Nose
Blaine County
See CCC-Roman Nose State park
Located on OK-8A in Roman Nose State Park

Jesse Chisholm
Blaine County
A pioneer merchant, trader, and explorer, Jesse Chisholm established a trail through western Indian Territory before the Civil War. Texas cattlemen used the trail until the late 1880s to move millions of cattle to northern markets. Chisholm died and was buried near this site in March 1868.
Located on US-281, north of Geary

Jesse Chisholm Grave
Blaine County
Jesse Chisholm, for whom the Chisholm Trail was named, camped at Left Hand Spring in early March 1868. Becoming ill, probably from food poisoning, he died on March 4 and was buried on a nearby knoll.
Located at section 32, 15 north, 10 west

Old Fort Cantonment Crossing
Blaine County
The road to Fort Cantonment crossed the North Canadian River in this area.
Located on OK-51, 1/2 mile west of Canton

Whirlwind Mission
Blaine County
A day school for Cheyenne children, named for friendly Chief Whirlwind, opened here at this location in 1897. From 1904 to 1917, it was a well-known mission school under the auspices of the Protestant Episcopal Church.
Located thirteen miles west of Greenfield, on county road and south of the small creek near the north line of SE 1/4 of Sec. 32, T 15 N, R 13 W. Whirlwind Cemetery is near this location

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