OHS Historical Marker Program
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Location: in Fort Sill Museum in Lawton
Colonel Henry Dodge set up camp near a large Comanche village in this area in July 1834, hoping to hold talks with Comanche chiefs. Accompanying the US Dragoons Expedition was artist George Catlin, who probably made some of his most famous sketches of buffaloes and Comanches during the twelve days he spent at the camp. The exact location of the camp is unknown.
Chief Stumbling Bear Pass
Location: on OK-58 north of Fort Sill Military Reservation
Stumbling Bear, a Kiowa, was the last signer of the Medicine Lodge Treaty in 1867. Stumbling Bear founded the first permanent settlement of Plains Indians in the area. In 1877 the federal government built houses for the Indians on Canyon Creek, north of the Wichita Mountains.
Clarence E. Wilson
Location: at 6th and F Street, Lawton
Clarence Wilson, a Lawton native, is Lawton's only bombing victim. Clarence was a dedicated public servant and was a mentor for all youth.
Comanche Indian Mission
Location: beneath the Henry post Airfield on the St. Sill Military Reservation
Location: on Sheridan Road, just inside Key Gate at Fort Sill
The US Army post was named in 1869 for Brigadier General Joshua W. Sill, killed in the Battle of Stone River, Tennessee, during the Civil War. The frontier post was previously referred to as "Camp on Medicine Bluff Creek" or "Camp Wichita."
Fort Sill Indian School
Location: on I-44 between Fort Sill and Lawton
Quaker teacher Reverend Josiah Butler opened the school for Kiowa, Apache, and Comanche children in February of 1871.
Location: on wall of Old Post Chapel at Fort Sill (DAR)
I-See-O was a famous Kiowa scout who attained the rank of sergeant in the US Army. Many consider him to be the last of the Indian scouts who faithfully served the army on the western frontier.
Old Post Chapel
Location: at site of old chapel at Fort Sill (DAR)
Built in 1870 by the 10th US Cavalry, Old Post Chapel served the religious needs of thousands of soldiers who passed through Fort Sill. Two markers preserve the history of the chapel which is the second-oldest house of worship still in use in Oklahoma.
Old Stone Corral
Location: at the Fort Sill Museum (DAR)
Known originally as the Quartermaster Corral, this structure, which replaced an earlier wooden corral, is located southeast of the original post quadrangle near Key Gate. The 10th Cavalry constructed the corral in 1870 to hold the horses, oxen, and mules used by the quartermaster for transport of men and supplies and for jobs such as road building. After 1875 the army used the corral for temporary incarceration of Plains Indians. In the 1880s, as boomers tried to enter and settle in the Indian Territory, the military rounded up and held the illegal settlers in the corral until the party was large enough to warrant military escort out of the area.
Location: on grounds of Fort Sill
Constructed of native stone by members of the 10th Cavalry, this structure was home to General William Tecumseh Sherman when he conducted a tour of frontier army posts in the early 1870s. He narrowly escaped assassination by Kiowa warriors on the porch in May 1871.
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