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High School: Oklahoma History Content Skills

Content Standard 1: The student will describe the state’s geography and the historic foundations laid by Native American, European, and American cultures.

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  1. Integrate visual information to identify and describe the significant physical and human features including major trails, railway lines, waterways, cities, ecological regions, natural resources, highways, and landforms.
  2. Summarize the accomplishments of prehistoric cultures including the Spiro Mound Builders.
  3. Compare and contrast the goals and significance of early Spanish, French, and American expeditions including the impact of disease, interactions with Native Americans, and the arrival of the horse and new technologies.
  4. Compare and contrast cultural perspectives of Native Americans and European Americans regarding land ownership and trading practices.

Content Standard 2: The student will evaluate the major political and economic events that transformed the land and its people prior to statehood.

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  1. Summarize and analyze the role of river transportation to early trade and mercantile settlements including Chouteau’s Trading Post at Three Forks.
  2. Describe the major trading and peacekeeping goals of early military posts including Fort Gibson.
  3. Integrate visual and textual evidence to explain the reasons for and trace the migrations of Native American peoples including the Five Tribes into present-day Oklahoma, the Indian Removal Act of 1830, and tribal resistance to the forced relocations.
  4. Summarize the impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction Treaties on Native American peoples, territories, and tribal sovereignty including the
    1. Required enrollment of the Freedmen,
    2. Second Indian Removal and the role of the Buffalo Soldiers,
    3. Significance of the Massacre at the Washita,
    4. Reasons for the reservation system, and
    5. Establishment of the western military posts of Fort Sill, Fort Supply, and Fort Reno
  5. Cite specific visual and textual evidence to assess the impact of the cattle and coal mining industries on the location of railroad lines, transportation routes, and the development of communities.
  6. Analyze the influence of the idea of Manifest Destiny on the Boomer Movement including the official closing of the frontier in 1890.
  7. Compare and contrast multiple points of view to evaluate the impact of the Dawes Act which resulted in the loss of tribal communal lands and the redistribution of lands by various means including land runs as typified by the Unassigned Lands and the Cherokee Outlet, lotteries, and tribal allotments.

Content Standard 3: The student will analyze the formation and development of constitutional government in Oklahoma.

View content standard 3 resource guide

  1. Compare and contrast the development of governments among the Native American tribes, the movement for the state of Sequoyah, the proposal for an all-Black state, and the impact of the Enabling Act on single statehood.
  2. Describe and summarize attempts to create a state constitution joining Indian and Oklahoma Territories including the impact of the Progressive and Labor Movements resulting in statehood on November 16, 1907.
  3. Compare and contrast Oklahoma’s state government to the United States’ national system of government including the branches of government, their functions, and powers.
  4. Describe the division, function, and sharing of powers among levels of government including city, county, tribal, and state.
  5. Identify major sources of local and state revenues and the services provided including education, infrastructure, courts and public safety.
  6. Describe state constitutional provisions including the direct primary, initiative petition, referendum, and recall.

Content Standard 4: The student will examine the transformation of Oklahoma during times of boom and bust of the 1920s through the 1940s.

View content standard 4 resource guide

  1. Compare and contrast the successes and failures of the United States policy of assimilation of the Native Americans in Oklahoma including the passage of the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 and the effects of the Indian boarding schools (1880s–1940s) upon Native Americans’ identity, culture, traditions, and tribal government and sovereignty.
  2. Examine multiple points of view regarding the historic evolution of race relations in Oklahoma including Senate Bill 1 establishing Jim Crow laws, the growth of all-Black towns, the Tulsa Race Riot, and the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan.
  3. Summarize the impact of the national Socialist movement and organized labor on various segments of Oklahoma society including agriculture, mining, and state policies.
  4. Examine how the economic cycles of boom and bust of the oil industry affected major sectors of employment, mining, and the subsequent development of communities, as well as the role of entrepreneurs including J. J. McAlester, Frank Phillips, E. W. Marland, and Robert S. Kerr.
  5. Cite specific textual and visual evidence to evaluate the impact of the boom and bust cycle of Oklahoma’s agricultural production as a response to the needs of World War I, and its effect as a precursor of the Great Depression.
  6. Cite specific textual and visual evidence of the environmental conditions and the impact of human mismanagement of resources resulting in the Dust Bowl including the migration of the Okies, the national perceptions of Oklahomans as shaped by The Grapes of Wrath, and the New Deal policies regarding conservation of natural resources.
  7. Describe the contributions of Oklahomans in 1920s and 1930s including Deep Deuce and African-American jazz musicians, Will Roger’s and Woody Guthrie’s political and social commentaries, Wiley Post’s aviation milestones, and the artwork of the Kiowa Six (formerly the Kiowa Five).
  8. Summarize and analyze the impact of mobilization for World War II including the establishment of military bases and prisoner of war installations and the contributions of Oklahomans to the war effort including the Native American code talkers and the 45th Infantry Division.

Content Standard 5: The student will investigate how post-war social, political, and economic events continued to transform the state of Oklahoma during the 1950s through the present.

View content standard 5 resource guide

  1. Cite specific textual and visual evidence to evaluate the progress of race relations and actions of civil disobedience in the state including the
    1. Judicial interpretation of the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment which ultimately resulted in the desegregation of public facilities, and public schools and universities,
    2. Landmark Supreme Court cases of Sipuel v. Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma (1948) and McLaurin v. Oklahoma Board of Regents for Higher Education (1950),
    3. Lunch counter sit-ins organized by Clara Luper and the NAACP, and
    4. Leadership of Governor Gary in the peaceful integration of the public common and higher education systems.
  2. Analyze the impact of economic growth in various sectors including the
    1. Impact of rural to urban migration,
    2. Development of water and timber resources,
    3. Emergence of the tourism as an industry,
    4. Discovery of new fossil fuel resources, Tulsa’s designation as Oil Capital of the World, and the opening of the Anadarko Basin, and
    5. Improvement of the state’s transportation infrastructures and the McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System.
  3. Cite specific textual and visual evidence to describe the artistic contributions of Oklahomans in the fields of music, art, literature, theater and dance including Ralph Ellison and the Five Indian Ballerinas as well as the perceptions of Oklahoma by the rest of the nation because of the musical Oklahoma.
  4. Summarize the impact of Oklahoma’s leadership on state and national policies including the rise of viable two party elections, Governor Henry Bellmon, and United States Representative Carl Albert.
  5. Analyze the evolving relationship between state and tribal governments impacting tribal self-determination and control over Native American lands and resources including issues of joint jurisdiction, taxation, and gaming.
  6. Cite specific textual and visual evidence to analyze the oil and gas boom of the 1970s and the subsequent bust and of the energy industry during the 1980s including the impact of the Penn Square Bank Collapse on the state’s economy, employment, and banking.
  7. Describe the contemporary role the state’s agriculture plays in feeding the nation and the world including the wheat, corn, cattle, pork, and chicken industries.
  8. Explain the leadership of Oklahoma and its people in the field of aeronautics including the Federal Aviation Administration, NASA space program, and the influence of weather research on national disaster preparedness.
  9. Examine major cultural and ethnic groups’ contributions to the social and economic transformation of the modern state of Oklahoma.
  10. Cite specific textual and visual evidence to analyze the causes and effects of the domestic terrorist attack on the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City including the responses of Oklahomans to the event, the concept of the “Oklahoma Standard” and the creation of the Oklahoma City National Memorial and Museum.

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