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The 45th Infantry Division
in World War II

Important Leaders

Axis


Fascism: an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization

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Adolf Hitler (image courtesy of Wikimedia).

Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler (1889–1945)
Leader of the National Socialist German Workers (Nazi) Party, 1921–45
Chancellor and Dictator of Germany, 1933–45

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Benito Mussolini (left) and Adolf Hitler (image courtesy of the Daily Express).

The Italian Empire
Benito Mussolini (1883–1945)
Leader of the National Fascist Party of Italy, 1922–43
Dictator of Italy, 1930–43

Absolute monarchy: a form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people.

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Hirohito (image courtesy of Wikimedia).

The Empire of Japan
Hirohito (1901–89)
His Imperial Majesty, the Emperor of Japan, 1926–89

Allies

Representative democracy: founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people

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President Franklin Roosevelt (image courtesy of US News and World Report).

The United States of America
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882–1945)
32nd President of the United States of America, 1933–45

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President Harry S. Truman (image courtesy of Wikimedia).

Harry S. Truman (1884–1972)
33rd President of the United States of America, 1945–53

Constitutional monarchy: a form of government in which a monarch acts as head of state within the parameters of a written, unwritten, or blended constitution

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Sir Winston Churchill (image courtesy of the Daily Mail).

The United Kingdom
Sir Winston Churchill (1874–1965)
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1940–45
Minister of Defense, 1940–45
Leader of the Conservative Party, 1940–55

Communism: a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs

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Joseph Stalin (image courtesy of The Telegraph).

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Joseph Stalin (1878–1953)
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1922–52
Chairman of the Council of Ministers, 1941–53
People's Commissar for the Defense of the Soviet Union, 1941–46




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