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in World War II

Important Leaders


Fascism: an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization


Adolf Hitler (image courtesy of Wikimedia).

Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler, 1889–1945
Leader of the National Socialist German Workers (Nazi) Party, 1921–1945
Chancellor and Dictator of Germany, 1933–1945


Benito Mussolini (left) and Adolf Hitler (image courtesy of the Daily Express).

The Italian Empire
Benito Mussolini, 1883–1945
Leader of the National Fascist Party of Italy, 1922–1943
Dictator of Italy, 1930–1943

Absolute monarchy: a form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people.


Hirohito (image courtesy of Wikimedia).

The Empire of Japan
Hirohito, 1901–1989
His Imperial Majesty, the Emperor of Japan, 1926–1989


Representative democracy: founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people


President Franklin Roosevelt (image courtesy of US News and World Report).

The United States of America
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1882–1945
32nd President of the United States of America, 1933–1945


President Harry S. Truman (image courtesy of Wikimedia).

Harry S. Truman, 1884–1972
33rd President of the United States of America, 1945–1953

Constitutional monarchy: a form of government in which a monarch acts as head of state within the parameters of a written, unwritten, or blended constitution


Sir Winston Churchill (image courtesy of the Daily Mail).

The United Kingdom
Sir Winston Churchill, 1874–1965
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1940–45
Minister of Defense, 1940–45
Leader of the Conservative Party, 1940–1955

Communism: a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs


Joseph Stalin (image courtesy of The Telegraph).

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Joseph Stalin, 1878–1953
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1922–1952
Chairman of the Council of Ministers, 1941–1953
People's Commissar for the Defense of the Soviet Union, 1941–46

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World War II
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Important Leaders
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