The Land Run of 1889
allotment: A piece of land given or obtained by an individual or family.
boomers: Settlers, like David Payne, who tried to live on land that was not open to the public.
claim: Piece of land obtained in the land run.
communal: The sharing of ownership or resources.
conveniences: Tools or technology that make life easier.
cow chips: Pieces of manure that were often burned for warmth by pioneers on the Great Plains.
frontier: Wilderness or areas with few settlers or towns.
homesteaders: Pioneers or people who live in sparsely populated areas that require self-sufficiency.
improvements: Building a home, barn, shop, etc., on one's land claim to prove that they were using it appropriately.
proclamation: A public or official announcement.
public domain: Belonging to the state or national government.
reservation: A area where many American Indians were confined along with other tribal members before the Dawes Act divided Indian land into individual allotments.
settlers: A person who lives in an area with few people.
sod home: A sort of hut made with walls of dirt and mud or dug out of the side of a hill.
treaties: Written agreements between parties or people.
widow: A woman whose husband has died.