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American Indian Census on Microfilm

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Displaying Cherokee–Census

TitleTypeSourceNote
Register of Cherokee Persons Who Wish Reservations Under the Treaty of July 8, 1817 Census  Microfilm A21
National Archives
A register of Cherokee who wished to remain in the East, 1817-1819, as citizens and to receive a 640-acre reservation under provisions of Article 8 of the treaty of July 8, 1817
Register of Persons who wish reservations under Treaty of July 8, 1817 with the Cherokee Nation Census  Microfilm 7RA74
National Archives
Cherokee Emigration Rolls, 1817-1835 / by Jack Baker Census 
(Emigration Census)
Microfilm Book
Register of Persons who wish reservations under Treaty of July 8, 1817: July 10, 1817-Nov. 27, 1819 Census  Microfilm CHN 2
Oklahoma Historical Society
Cherokee Emigrants: 1817-1838 Census 
(Emigration Census)
Microfilm A23
National Archives
Voluntary enrollees as emigrants for Arkansas County within the lands of the Cherokee Nation East of the Mississippi
Quarterly Report of the Commissioners for the Valuing the Improvements Abandoned by the Cherokees to move to Arkansas under the Provisions of the Treaty of May 6, 1828 Census 
(Emigration Census)
Microfilm M234.113
National Archives
Emigration Census: Lists names of Emigrants, when to remove, from what nation, from what district, what location, Indian or mixed blood, number of slaves, acres of land, etc.
Report for the Valuing the Improvements Abandoned by the Cherokees under Treaty May 6, 1828: June 1, 1829-June 19, 1830 Census 
(Emigration Census)
Microfilm M234.113
National Archives
Emigration Census: Lists names of Emigrants, when to remove, from what nation, from what district, what location, Indian or mixed blood, number of slaves, acres of land, etc.
A list of Emigrants from the Cherokee Nation in Georgia to the Cherokee Nation West of the Mississippi: 1833 Census 
(Emigration Census)
Microfilm M234.113
National Archives
Names of Cherokees who have with their families emigrated to the West since July 1, 1833 Census 
(Emigration Census)
Microfilm M234.113
National Archives
A list of the names of the Cherokee Emigrants under the Treaty of 1835 Census 
(Emigration Census)
Microfilm M234.114
National Archives
A Muster Roll of Cherokees permitted to remove themselves to the County assigned them West of the Mississippi between: Dec. 1, 1837-Oct. 1, 1838 Census 
(Emigration Census)
Microfilm M234.114
National Archives
Emigration Census
Muster Roll of Cherokees: Dec. 3, 1838 Census 
(Emigration Census)
Microfilm A42
National Archives
Emigration Census: Muster Roll of a company of Cherokee Indians about to Emigrate West of the Mississippi River.
A Roll of Heads of Cherokee Families who have lately reported themselves at the Cherokee Agency as having emigrated from the Cherokee Nation East and relocated to the Cherokee Nation West: July 14, 1847 Census 
(Emigration Census)
Microfilm M234.116
National Archives
Emigration Census
Old Settler Roll: 1851 Census 
(Old Settler - Emigration Census)
Microfilm M685.12
National Archives
Districts: Canadian, Delaware, Flint, Going Snake, Illinois, Saline, Skin Bayou, and Tahlequah; Includes non-residents
Cherokee Per Capita Roll: 1857 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm National Archives - 1871 Cherokee Per Capita Payment Roll
National Archives
Payment Census: Roll based on 1848 Act and is for Eastern or North Carolina Cherokees
Swetland Roll: 1867 Census  Microfilm National Archives - Swetland Roll
National Archives
List includes names, age, sex, Indian, Breed, horses, mules, cows, oxen, cattle, hogs, sheep, wheat, corn, parentage and other remarks. Contains family information.
Tompkins Roll: 1867 Census  Microfilm 7RA4
National Archives
The roll is unique in that it appears to be the first post-Civil War enumeration of the Cherokee Citizens and Freedmen West of the Mississippi River. For index, see National Archives Microfilm Roll 7RA51.1
Receipt Roll of Per Capita Payment under an Act of Council: Dec. 3, 1879-May 14, 1881 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm CHN 2
Oklahoma Historical Society
Receipt Roll for Per Capita Payment - Orphan Asylum, Insane Asylum, and National Prison: 1880 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm CHN 2
Oklahoma Historical Society
Payment Census
Residents of the Cherokee Nation: 1880 Census  Microfilm 7RA7.1
National Archives
Index
Residents of the Cherokee Nation: 1880 Census  Microfilm 7RA7.2
National Archives
Schedule 1 - Citizens: Canadian District, Cooweescoowee District, Delaware District, Flint District
Residents of the Cherokee Nation: 1880 Census  Microfilm 7RA7.3
National Archives
Schedule 1 - Citizens: Going Snake District, Illinois District, Saline District, Sequoyah District, Tahlequah District
Residents of the Cherokee Nation: 1880 Census  Microfilm 7RA7.4
National Archives
Schedule 2 - Orphans; Schedule 3 - Persons not recognized as citizens; Schedule 4 - Persons not recognized as citizens but claim the right; Schedule 5 - Intruders; Schedule 6 - Persons legally residing under permit
Register of Cherokee Students: 1881-1882 Census  Microfilm 7RA90
National Archives
Cherokee Census for Per Capita Distribution: 1883 Census  Microfilm 7RA56.1
National Archives
Canadian District, Cooweescoowee District, Delaware District, Flint District
Cherokee Census for Per Capita Distribution: 1883 Census  Microfilm 7RA56.2
National Archives
Going Snake District, Illinois District, Saline District, Tahlequah District
Payment Roll by Right of Cherokee Blood: 1883 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA29
National Archives
Hester Roll of Eastern Cherokees: Jan. 24, 1884 Census  Microfilm CHN 2
Oklahoma Historical Society
Supplemental Roll of Those Left Off the Rolls of 1880-Dec. 14, 1884 Census  Microfilm CHN 2
Oklahoma Historical Society
Payment Roll by Right of Cherokee Blood: 1886 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA58.1
National Archives
Canadian District, Cooweescoowee District, Delaware District, Flint District
Payment Roll by Right of Cherokee Blood: 1886 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA58.2
National Archives
Going Snake District, Illinois District, Saline District, Sequoyah District, Tahlequah District
Canadian District - Schedule 1 (Citizens of Cherokee Nation): 1890 Census  Microfilm CHN 3
Oklahoma Historical Society
Cherokee Payment Roll: 1890 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA60.1
National Archives
Schedules 1 and 2: Canadian District, Cooweescoowee District
Cherokee Payment Roll: 1890 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA60.2
National Archives
Schedules 1 and 2: Delaware District, Going Snake District
Cherokee Payment Roll: 1890 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA60.3
National Archives
Schedules 1 and 2: Illinois District, Tahlequah District
Cherokee Payment Roll: Nov. 26, 1890 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA59.2
National Archives
Going Snake District, Illinois District, Saline District, Tahlequah District, Sequoyah District
Cooweescoowee District - Schedule 1 (Citizens of Cherokee Nation), Volumes 1-9: 1890 Census  Microfilm CHN 4
Oklahoma Historical Society
Cooweescoowee District - Schedule 1 (Citizens of Cherokee Nation), Volumes 10-11: 1890 Census  Microfilm CHN 5
Oklahoma Historical Society
Delaware District - Schedule 1 (Citizens of Cherokee Nation), Volume 1: 1890 Census  Microfilm CHN 5
Oklahoma Historical Society
Flint District - Schedule 1 (Citizens of Cherokee Nation), Volumes 1-4: 1890 Census  Microfilm CHN 5
Oklahoma Historical Society
Going Snake District - Schedule 1 (Citizens of Cherokee Nation), Volumes 1-5: 1890 Census  Microfilm CHN 5
Oklahoma Historical Society
Illinois District - Schedule 1 (Citizens of Cherokee Nation), Volumes 1-5: 1890 Census  Microfilm CHN 6
Oklahoma Historical Society
Residents of the Cherokee Nation: 1890 Census  Microfilm 7RA8.1
National Archives
Schedule 1 - Citizens: Canadian District, Cooweescoowee District
Residents of the Cherokee Nation: 1890 Census  Microfilm 7RA8.2
National Archives
Schedule 1 - Citizens: Delaware District, Flint District
Residents of the Cherokee Nation: 1890 Census  Microfilm 7RA8.3
National Archives
Schedule 1 - Citizens: Going Snake District, Illinois District, Saline District
Residents of the Cherokee Nation: 1890 Census  Microfilm 7RA8.4
National Archives
Schedule 1 - Citizens: Sequoyah District, Tahlequah District
Residents of the Cherokee Nation: 1890 Census  Microfilm 7RA8.5
National Archives
Schedule 2 - Orphans; Schedule 3 - Persons not recognized as citizens; Schedule 4 - Persons not recognized as citizens but claim the right; Schedule 5 - Intruders
Residents of the Cherokee Nation: 1890 Census  Microfilm 7RA8.6
National Archives
Schedule 6 - Persons legally residing under permit
Saline District - Schedule 1 (Citizens of Cherokee Nation), Volumes 1-2: 1890 Census  Microfilm CHN 6
Oklahoma Historical Society
Sequoyah District - Schedule 1 (Citizens of Cherokee Nation), Volumes 1-2: 1890 Census  Microfilm CHN 6
Oklahoma Historical Society
Tahlequah District - Schedule 1 (Citizens of Cherokee Nation), Volume 1: 1890 Census  Microfilm CHN 6
Oklahoma Historical Society
Tahlequah District - Schedule 1 (Citizens of Cherokee Nation), Volume 1: 1890 Census  Microfilm CHN 7
Oklahoma Historical Society
Census of Cherokee Nation: Apr. 15, 1893 Census  Microfilm 7RA54.1
National Archives
Canadian District, Cooweescoowee District, Delaware District, Flint District, Going Snake District, Illinois District
Census of Cherokee Nation: Apr. 15, 1893 Census  Microfilm 7RA54.2
National Archives
Illinois District, Saline District, Sequoyah District, Tahlequah District
Cherokee Census of Intruders: 1893 Census  Microfilm 7RA55
National Archives
Canadian District, Cooweescoowee District, Delaware District, Going Snake District, Illinois District, Sequoyah District
Orphan Per Capita Receipt Rolls-Illinois District: 1893 Census  Microfilm 7RA38.3
National Archives
Names of orphans mainly at the Orphan Asylum-Per Capita Payments: May 3, 1894 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA38.3
National Archives
Names of pupils who was registered in the Cherokee Orphan Asylum, Term Commencing Feb. 1894 Census  Microfilm 7RA38.3
National Archives
Lists names, age, birth date, district, guardian, and post office address
Starr Roll: May 3, 1894 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA38.3
National Archives
Saline District, Sequoyah District, Tahlequah District, Canadian District, Cooweescoowee District
Old Settler Cherokee Census Payment Roll: 1895 Census 
(Old Settler - Census)
Microfilm T985.2
National Archives
This treaty provided for the payment of certain shares from funds established by the Treaty of 1835 to Cherokee Old Settlers€ in Indian Territory either as original beneficiaries or as their legal heirs or representatives
Census of the Cherokees Nation: 1896 Census  Microfilm 7RA19
National Archives
For index to Cherokee Freedmen, see National Archives Roll 7RA51.2
Index to Cherokee Roll: 1896 Census  Microfilm 7RA71
National Archives
Excludes Freedmen
Index to Payment Roll of Old Settler Cherokees: 1896 Census 
(Old Settler - Census)
Microfilm T985.1
National Archives
This treaty provided for the payment of certain shares from funds established by the Treaty of 1835 to Cherokee Old Settlers€ in Indian Territory either as original beneficiaries or as their legal heirs or representatives
Old Settler Claims, Applications for Unclaimed Shares of Old Settlers: Oct. 26, 1896-Dec. 7, 1896 Census 
(Old Settler - Census)
Microfilm CHN 43 - Volume 144
Oklahoma Historical Society
This volume deals with a special session of the District Court convened to determine the rightful heirs to the estates of 124 Old Settlers who had not claimed their shares of a United States government payment. The decisions give the names of claimants and their relationship to the Old Settler, and names of attorneys and of witnesses offering supporting statements
Persons Rejected in Cherokee Nation: 1896 Census  Microfilm 7RA72
National Archives
Payment Roll of Destitute Cherokee: Apr. 15, 1902 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA80
National Archives
Voucher for Payment to Intermarried Whites: July 1909 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA80
National Archives
Cherokee Equalization Payment Roll: Approved Oct. 24, 1910 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA82.4
National Archives
Cherokee Equalization Payment Roll: Approved Feb. 24, 1911 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA82.4
National Archives
Cherokee Equalization Payment Roll: Approved June 30, 1912 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA82.2
National Archives
Pages 1-671
Cherokee Equalization Payment Roll: Approved June 30, 1912 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA82.3
National Archives
Pages 672-1341
Cherokee Equalization-Money to Restricted Indians: Approved Dec. 19, 1912 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA82.4
National Archives
Cherokee Per Capita Payment Roll, Roll Numbers 1-19137: 1912 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA81.2
National Archives
Cherokee Per Capita Payment Roll, Roll Numbers 19138-41785: 1912 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA81.3
National Archives
Index to Cherokee Payment Rolls: 1912 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA81.1
National Archives
Index to the Cherokee Equalization Payment Roll: Approved June 30, 1912 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA82.1
National Archives
Cherokee Equalization Payment Roll: Approved May 13, 1915 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA82.4
National Archives
Census of the Redding District in Greenville Agency, California: 1921-1923 Census  Microfilm M595.175
National Archives
1927 Census of the Cherokees: 1,488 Enrolled Half Bloods and Fullblood Cherokees Census  Microfilm Book
E99 .C5 A15
Adopted Cherokees and Creeks who returned to their original tribes: 1933 Census  Microfilm Absentee Shawnee Family Register
Oklahoma Historical Society
Adopted Cherokees, Creeks, and others who remained with Absentee Shawnees: 1933 Census  Microfilm Absentee Shawnee Family Register
Oklahoma Historical Society
Seceded Shawnees who became Cherokees and Creeks: 1933 Census  Microfilm Absentee Shawnee Family Register
Oklahoma Historical Society



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About this Database

The records included on the American Indian Census list can be viewed on microfilm in the Oklahoma Historical Society Research Center. This list contains records pertaining to censuses, citizenship cases, emigration lists, per capita/annuity payments, births, deaths, marriages, divorces, and school/pupil enrollment.

These records are not limited to tribes in Oklahoma. The National Archives microfilm collection also holds census records for tribes in other regions, such as the Spokane Agency, Washington, located in the Northwest Region.

Tribes are listed under their present-day federally recognized name. Indian agencies, however, are listed as they were shown on the original records.

*Please note that list was compiled to help researchers locate records. At this time, these materials are only available on microfilm. Due to limited staff, we are unable to search for specific names in these records. Researchers are welcome to visit the Research Center and view these materials free of charge. Some records have been indexed and can be searched by name on the American Indian Archives Card Index.

School Lists

When exploring this list, researchers may find school records listed within multiple agencies. In general, school records kept by a specific agency will pertain to students from that agency. For example, records of the Carlisle Indian School (operated in Carlisle, Pennsylvania) can be found in the records of the Kiowa Agency, Pawnee Agency, Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency, and Sac and Fox and Shawnee Agency. Each of these agencies kept records and letters of enrolled pupils from their tribe who attended the Carlisle Indian School.