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American Indian Census on Microfilm

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Displaying Chickasaw Freedmen–Census

Choctaw-Chickasaw Freedmen Rolls: 1885 Census  Microfilm 7RA63
National Archives
Manuscript copy of Choctaw and Chickasaw Freedmen who were admitted to citizenship in the Choctaw Nation. Also includes lists of doubtful citizens and Freedmen who had left the Nation. Under Article 3 of the Treaty of 1866, approved June 28, 1866 (14 Stats. 769), Choctaw and Chickasaw Freedmen could move from the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations and receive a per capita removal allowance. The Freedmen who left received a per capita payment of $100
Chickasaw and Choctaw Freedmen: 1896 Census  Microfilm 7RA66
National Archives
Chickasaw Freedmen Equalization Roll: 1912 Census 
(Payment Census)
Microfilm 7RA35.35
National Archives
Payment Census

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About this Database

The records included on the American Indian Census list can be viewed on microfilm in the Oklahoma Historical Society Research Center. This list contains records pertaining to censuses, citizenship cases, emigration lists, per capita/annuity payments, births, deaths, marriages, divorces, and school/pupil enrollment.

These records are not limited to tribes in Oklahoma. The National Archives microfilm collection also holds census records for tribes in other regions, such as the Spokane Agency, Washington, located in the Northwest Region.

Tribes are listed under their present-day federally recognized name. Indian agencies, however, are listed as they were shown on the original records.

*Please note that list was compiled to help researchers locate records. At this time, these materials are only available on microfilm. Due to limited staff, we are unable to search for specific names in these records. Researchers are welcome to visit the Research Center and view these materials free of charge. Some records have been indexed and can be searched by name on the American Indian Archives Card Index.

School Lists

When exploring this list, researchers may find school records listed within multiple agencies. In general, school records kept by a specific agency will pertain to students from that agency. For example, records of the Carlisle Indian School (operated in Carlisle, Pennsylvania) can be found in the records of the Kiowa Agency, Pawnee Agency, Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency, and Sac and Fox and Shawnee Agency. Each of these agencies kept records and letters of enrolled pupils from their tribe who attended the Carlisle Indian School.