Search the Dawes Rolls, 1898–1914
Use the Dawes Rolls to trace your ancestry to one of the Five Tribes. The Five Tribes include Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee (Creek), and Seminole. In general, the Dawes Rolls list individuals who lived with their nation in Indian Territory, who chose to apply, and were approved by the Dawes Commission. Mississippi Choctaw are the exception, as many of them remained in Mississippi and did not remove to Indian Territory in the 1830s. To be admitted to the rolls, Mississippi Choctaw were ultimately required to remove to Indian Territory.
Dawes Enrollment Packets
The Research Center offers Dawes enrollment packets for $35. Enrollment packets may include details about the applicant and their family, including birth, death, and marriage information. Be certain to include the information listed in the index, including the individual's name, card number, roll number, and tribe. To order by mail use the printable order form or call 405-522-5225.
Dawes Land Allotment Packets
The Research Center also offers Dawes land allotment packets (sometimes called jackets) for $35. These materials include information about the individual’s land allotment. Packets vary in length and may include correspondence and plat maps. To order by mail use the printable order form or call 405-522-5225.
About this Database
This database lists individuals who applied for the Dawes Rolls and membership in the Five Tribes: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee (Creek), and Seminole. Enrollment for the Dawes Rolls began in 1898 and ended in March of 1907, although there were a few names added as late as 1914.
I have found my ancestor in the database. What now?
Once you have located your ancestor on the roll, look up their census card and enrollment packet. You can do this at the Research Center or use subscription websites (such as Fold3.com and Ancestry.com). You may also order a copy of a packet from the Research Center. Order online | Order by mail
About the Dawes Rolls
Commonly known as the Dawes Rolls, the official title of this record group is "Final Rolls of Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory."
Census cards list the enrollee's name, age, sex, blood quantum, tribe, place of residence, and roll number. In general, the age shown on the census card is the age of the individual around 1902. Members of the same household are typically listed on the same card, and Freedmen cards include names of the enrollee's former owner on the back. Those listed as "newborns" and "minors" were born after enrollment began in 1898 but before March of 1907, and are listed on a separate card. Census cards may also reference earlier rolls.
Blood Quantum, Freedmen, Intermarriage, and Adopted Citizens
Tribal associations are listed as "by Blood," "Intermarriage," or "Freedmen." Intermarriage means the person was married to a citizen of the tribe. You may also see "IW" for intermarried white, or "A" for adopted. Freedmen are individuals who were formerly enslaved by one the Five Tribes. The term is also used to describe their descendants. Although there was intermarriage between Blacks and Indians, the Dawes Commission enrolled people of mixed heritage as Freedmen, and indicated no blood relation to the tribal nation.
Learn about more Freedmen history.
Mississippi Choctaw include individuals who did not remove to Indian Territory with the rest of their nation in the 1830s. Mississippi Choctaw who were deemed eligible for the roll were listed as "identified." To be admitted to the rolls, these individuals were ultimately required to remove to Indian Territory.
Learn more about Mississippi Choctaw records.
Delaware enrollees may be listed on Delaware cards or as an "Adopted Delaware" on Cherokee by Blood cards.
Learn more about Delaware Cherokee records.
Enrollment and Allotment Packets
Enrollment packets provide details about the individual and their family, including marriage, birth, and death information. They may include transcripts of interviews with family members or neighbors and correspondence regarding the enrollment.
Allotment packets contain information about the individual's land allotment, plat maps, correspondence, and other documents. Enrollment and allotment packets vary in length from a single page to more than 100 pages. Please note that while Muscogee (Creek) application packets are not available, you may still order allotment packets.
Maps of Tribal Land
These maps depict tribal nation boundaries, districts, township/range survey lines, and present-day county lines. Click on the icons below to view a larger map in PDF format.
Help and Research Tips
What information do I need before I search?
You will need to trace your way back to a direct ancestor who was living in Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) during the enrollment period, 1898–1907. If the individual was a married woman, you should look for her under her married name.
I cannot locate my ancestor in the index. What should I do now?
Look for your ancestor on the 1900 US census. If your ancestor did not live in Indian Territory, it is extremely unlikely they will be on the rolls. If they were living in Indian Territory and you cannot located them on the rolls, check the available lists for rejected Dawes applications. Consider the possibility your ancestor belonged to another tribal nation, preferred not enroll, or was unable to enroll.
For further information about tribal citizenship, please contact the tribal nation directly.