Home > PublicationsEncyclopedia >  Atoka Agreement

ATOKA AGREEMENT.

The Atoka Agreement was signed on April 23, 1897, in Atoka, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory, after more than three weeks of negotiations between the Dawes Commission and delegations from the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations. The agreement provided for the allotment in severalty of the lands of both tribes. The land would be divided equally among all the tribe members, with consideration given to the location and soil quality of particular land tracts. Freedmen and their descendants would receive smaller land allotments. Coal and asphalt lands would be reserved from allotment and sold or leased for the benefit of the tribes. The agreement also provided for the termination of the two tribal governments on March 4, 1906.

The Choctaw and Chickasaw governments ratified the Atoka Agreement in November 1897. However, the Chickasaw Nation required that the document be submitted to a vote of its citizens. They rejected it in a December election. The Atoka Agreement and other provisions dealing with Indian Territory and its tribes were incorporated into the Curtis Act (1898), which required that the Atoka Agreement be resubmitted to the voters of both tribes. It was approved in a joint election on August 24, 1898.

Matthew Rex Cox

See also: ALLOTMENT, CHICKASAW, CHOCTAW, COAL LANDS–SEGREGATED, INDIAN TERRITORY, STATEHOOD MOVEMENT

Bibliography

Angie Debo, The Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1961).

Arrell M. Gibson, The Chickasaws (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1971).

Gaston Litton, History of Oklahoma at the Golden Anniversary of Statehood, Vol. 1 (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1957).

Copyright and Terms of Use

No part of this site may be construed as in the public domain.

Copyright to all articles and other content in the online and print Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History is held by the Oklahoma Historical Society. This includes individual articles (copyright to OHS by author assignment) and corporately (as a complete body of work), including web design, graphics, searching functions, and listing/browsing methods. Copyright to all of these materials is protected under United States and International law.

Users agree not to download, copy, modify, sell, lease, rent, reprint, or otherwise distribute these materials, or to link to these materials on another web site, without authorization of the Oklahoma Historical Society. Individual users must determine if their use of the Materials falls under United States copyright law's "Fair Use" guidelines and does not infringe on the proprietary rights of the Oklahoma Historical Society as the legal copyright holder of The Encyclopedia and part or in whole.

Photo credits: All photographs presented in the published and online versions of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture are the property of the Oklahoma Historical Society and are held in the agency's Research Division Photograph Archives (unless otherwise stated).


Citation

The following (as per The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition) is the preferred citation for articles:
Matthew Rex Cox, "Atoka Agreement," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, www.okhistory.org (accessed November 24, 2017).

About the Encyclopedia | Terms of Use | Using the Encyclopedia