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KEELER, WILLIAM WAYNE (1908–1987).

The chief executive officer of Phillips Petroleum Company and chief of the Cherokee Nation, William Wayne Keeler was born April 5, 1908, in Dalhart, Texas, and grew up in Bartlesville, Oklahoma. As a high school student he began working summers for Phillips and continued part-time while studying chemical engineering at the University of Kansas. Before he completed a degree, Keeler accepted a full-time position with Phillips in Kansas City. During World War II he supervised construction of a refinery in Mexico. By war's end the young oilman had been promoted to manager of Phillips's refining department.

Keeler, who was one-sixteenth Cherokee, was named vice chair of the tribe's executive committee in 1948. When the appointed chief died in 1949, Pres. Harry S. Truman named Keeler to replace him. For the next quarter century Keeler worked to reestablish Cherokee sovereignty and government. In 1971, after his selection as the tribe's first elected chief since 1903, he presided over the drafting of a new Cherokee constitution, which marked the final step in reestablishment of representative tribal government.

As Keeler rebuilt Cherokee government, he steadily rose at Phillips, in 1967 becoming its president and chief executive officer. In 1973 Keeler reached Phillips's mandatory retirement age, and two years later he stepped down as chief of the Cherokee Nation. On August 24, 1987, after four years of failing health, he died in Bartlesville at the age of seventy-nine.

Brad Agnew

See also: AMERICAN INDIANS, CHEROKEE, PHILLIPS PETROLEUM COMPANY

Bibliography

Brad Agnew, "Keeler, William Wayne," in The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, 1986–1990, Vol. 2 (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1998).

"William W. Keeler," Contemporary American Indian Leaders (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1972).

Marjorie J. Lowe, "'Let's Make It Happen': W. W. Keeler and Cherokee Renewal," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 74 (Summer 1996).

Sandra Sac Parker, "William Wayne Keeler, 1908–1987: Cherokee Tribal Leader and Businessman," in Notable Native Americans, ed. Sharon Malinowski and George H. J. Abrams (Detroit, Mich.: Gale Research, 1995).

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Citation

The following (as per The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition) is the preferred citation for articles:
Brad Agnew, "Keeler, William Wayne," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, www.okhistory.org (accessed October 21, 2017).

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