Home |  PublicationsEncyclopedia |  Dohasan

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

DOHASAN (?–1866).

Dohasan (Dohate, Little Bluff) was principal chief of the Kiowa from 1833 until 1866. He replaced A'date as Kiowa leader following the Battle of Cutthroat Gap. Dohasan was the fourth head chief of the tribe dating from a Kiowa-Comanche peace that was negotiated circa 1790. He greeted the Dodge-Leavenworth Expedition of 1834 and was sketched and painted by expedition member George Catlin. Dohasan signed the first treaty between the Kiowa and the United States at Fort Gibson, Indian Territory, on May 26, 1837. He also added his mark to the Fort Atkinson Treaty of 1853.

Kiowa society centered on warfare. Dohasan defied threats of U.S. military retaliation against Kiowa raids in 1858. In response to Kiowa aggression New Mexico volunteers under Col. Christopher "Kit" Carson attacked Dohasan's village at Adobe Walls in the Texas Panhandle on November 26, 1864. In October 1865 Dohasan signed the Little Arkansas Treaty, which relegated the Kiowa to southwestern Oklahoma and northwestern Texas. He died on the Cimarron River in 1866.

Dohasan's death caused a power struggle that divided the Kiowa into factions. Among those vying for leadership roles were Lone Wolf, Satanta, and Kicking Bird. Anthropologist James Mooney believed Dohasan's passing "began the rapid decline of the Kiowa tribe."

Jon D. May

Learn More

H. Allen Anderson, "Dohasan," in The New Handbook of Texas, Vol. 2, ed. Ron Tyler (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1996).

Mildred P. Mayhall, The Kiowas (2d ed.; Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1971).

James Mooney, Calendar History of the Kiowa Indians, Seventeenth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Part 1 (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1898).


The following (as per The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition) is the preferred citation for articles:
Jon D. May, “Dohasan,” The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry?entry=DO005.

Published January 15, 2010

Copyright and Terms of Use

No part of this site may be construed as in the public domain.

Copyright to all articles and other content in the online and print versions of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History is held by the Oklahoma Historical Society (OHS). This includes individual articles (copyright to OHS by author assignment) and corporately (as a complete body of work), including web design, graphics, searching functions, and listing/browsing methods. Copyright to all of these materials is protected under United States and International law.

Users agree not to download, copy, modify, sell, lease, rent, reprint, or otherwise distribute these materials, or to link to these materials on another web site, without authorization of the Oklahoma Historical Society. Individual users must determine if their use of the Materials falls under United States copyright law's "Fair Use" guidelines and does not infringe on the proprietary rights of the Oklahoma Historical Society as the legal copyright holder of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and part or in whole.