Home |  PublicationsEncyclopedia |  Minco

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

Panoramic view of Minco
(23196.51, Meta Chestnutt Sager Collection, OHS).


Located in northern Grady County, Minco is eighteen miles north of Chickasha on State Highway 81 at its intersection with State Highways 37 and 152. Minco's name is a Choctaw word meaning "chief." Camps of the Caddo, Wichita, Kiowa, and Comanche were prevalent around Minco in the 1890s.

Minco's post office was established on June 20, 1890, shortly before construction of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway ceased at Minco for two years, allowing the town to prosper. On July 4, 1890, the townsite was established, and many residents of Silver City, a town to the east, moved there and started businesses. Lewis Hornbeck published the Minco Minstrel, Grady County's oldest newspaper, beginning in 1890. Minco was incorporated in 1902 and became a shipping center for cattle, hogs, cotton, corn, and watermelons.

Lumber that was carried to Minco by train attracted buyers from all directions. In 1890 local cattlemen helped Meta Chestnut Sager construct a new school. In 1894 it became the El Meta Bond College, an Indian boarding school that existed until 1920. In 1907 a brick school building was completed, and its first senior class graduated in 1917. Between 1920 and 1922 a gymnasium, auditorium, library, domestic science classroom, high school classrooms, and a steam-heating system were added.

Horse races, polo, corn festivals, fairs, and baseball attracted people to Minco. Ponies raised in the area were sold and shipped to polo enthusiasts. The racehorse U-See-It was the mother of Black Gold, the 1924 Kentucky Derby winner. Raised on a Minco ranch, they were owned by the Hoots Ranch in Osage County, Oklahoma.

Minco changed with the times. Its population increased from 725 in 1907 to 962 in 1930, and grew from 978 in 1950 to 1,672 in 2000. A fall Honey Festival has brought visitors since 1990. The Minco public school system was the town's major employer in 2000. In 2010 the census recorded 1,632 residents. The April 2020 census reported 1,501. The Minco National Guard Armory (NR 94000484) is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Gwen Jackson

Browse By Topic

Urban Development



Learn More

Mary Hewett Bailey, "A History of Grady County, Oklahoma" (M.A. thesis, University of Oklahoma, 1937).

Dixie Gilbert, Minco, Oklahoma 1890–1990: The First 100 Years (Minco, Okla.: Privately printed, n.d.).

Gwen Jackson, Trails, Rails, and School Tails: A History of 125 Schools and Communities of Grady County (N.p.: N.p., 1995).

Hunter James, "Minco, Okla., Corn Carnival Center," Sturm's Oklahoma Magazine 7 (October 1908).

Related Resources

Minco Armory, National Register of Historic Places


The following (as per The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition) is the preferred citation for articles:
Gwen Jackson, “Minco,” The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry?entry=MI037.

Published January 15, 2010
Last updated March 25, 2024

Copyright and Terms of Use

No part of this site may be construed as in the public domain.

Copyright to all articles and other content in the online and print versions of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History is held by the Oklahoma Historical Society (OHS). This includes individual articles (copyright to OHS by author assignment) and corporately (as a complete body of work), including web design, graphics, searching functions, and listing/browsing methods. Copyright to all of these materials is protected under United States and International law.

Users agree not to download, copy, modify, sell, lease, rent, reprint, or otherwise distribute these materials, or to link to these materials on another web site, without authorization of the Oklahoma Historical Society. Individual users must determine if their use of the Materials falls under United States copyright law's "Fair Use" guidelines and does not infringe on the proprietary rights of the Oklahoma Historical Society as the legal copyright holder of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and part or in whole.