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The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture


U.S. Rep. Samuel James Montgomery, son of Henry Harrison and Ella Slack (Montgomery) Montgomery, was born December 1, 1896, in Buffalo, Larue County, Kentucky. In 1902 the family settled in Bartlesville, and Henry Montgomery served as district judge for Washington and Nowata counties. Samuel James Montgomery attended the Bartlesville public schools and studied law at the University of Oklahoma at Norman. During World War I he served in the U.S. Marine Corps. Following the war he was admitted to the Oklahoma Bar in 1919 and practiced law with his father in Bartlesville. On June 9, 1921, Samuel James Montgomery married Elizabeth Grove Hutcheson at Fort Worth, Texas. They had two children: Henry and Elizabeth.

A Republican, from March 1925 to March 1927 Montgomery served as U.S. representative from Oklahoma's First Congressional District. When the House of Representatives defeated the McNary-Haugen Bill (farm relief legislation) on May 21, 1926, Montgomery was the only Oklahoma congressional member who voted against the measure. Unsuccessful in his 1926 bid for reelection to Congress, he returned to Oklahoma, and he practiced law in Tulsa and Oklahoma City. Montgomery died on June 4, 1957, in Oklahoma City and was buried in Memorial Park Cemetery in Bartlesville, Oklahoma.

Linda D. Wilson


Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774–1996 (Alexandria, Va.: CQ Staff Directories, 1997).

Phillip A. Grant, Jr., "'Save the Farmer': Oklahoma Congressmen and Farm Relief Legislation, 1924–1928," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 64 (Summer 1986–87).

Richard Lloyd Jones et al., eds., Oklahoma and the Mid-Continent Oil Field: The Story of a Great New State and Man's Quest for Oil (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Biographical Association, 1930).


The following (as per The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition) is the preferred citation for articles:
Linda D. Wilson, “Montgomery, Samuel James,” The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry?entry=MO010.

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