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American Indians in Oklahoma

Grade Level or Subject Standards Addressed


Students will develop and apply effective communication skills through speaking and active listening.

K.GM.1.1 Recognize squares, circles, triangles, and rectangles.

K-PS2-2 Defining Engineering Problems: A situation that people want to change or create can be approached as a problem to be solved through engineering.

K-PS2-2 Defining Engineering Problems: Such problems may have many acceptable solutions.

K-ESS2-2 Human Impacts on Earth Systems: Things that people do to live comfortably can affect the world around them.

K-ESS3-1 Natural Resources: Humans use natural resources for everything they do.

Social Studies
K.2.5 Describe what makes one’s community alike or different than other communities.

K.2.6 Describe family and community customs and traditions as basic elements of culture.

K.3.1 Explain how events of the past may have affected our community and the way we live today.

K.4.1 Describe the basic needs of all people: food, clothing, and shelter; differentiate between these needs and a want.

First Grade

Students will develop and apply effective communication skills through speaking and active listening.

1.A.1.1 Identify, create, complete, and extend repeating, growing, and shrinking patterns with quantity, numbers, or shapes in a variety of real-world and mathematical contexts.

1-PS4-4 Influence of Engineering, Technology, and Science, on Society and the Natural World: People depend on various technologies in their lives; human life would be very different without technology.

1-LS1-1 Influence of Engineering, Technology, and Science, on Society and the Natural World: Every human-made product is designed by applying some knowledge of the natural world and is built using materials derived from the natural world.

1-ESS1-1 The Universe and its Stars: Patterns of the motion of the sun, moon, and stars in the sky can be observed, described, and predicted.

Social Studies
1.1.2 Describe how citizens within communities work together to accomplish common tasks and fulfill roles of authority.

1.2.5 Describe community customs and traditions as basic elements of culture.

Second Grade

Students will develop and apply effective communication skills through speaking and active listening.

2-ESS2-1 Optimizing the Design Solution: Because there is always more than one possible solution to a problem, it is useful to compare and test designs.

2-ESS2-1 Influence of Engineering, Technology, and Science on Society and the Natural World: Developing and using technology has impacts on the natural world.

Social Studies
2.1.5 Explain how all people can play an important role in their community.

2.2.5 Describe how communities modify the environment to meet their needs.

2.2.6 Describe customs, traditions, clothing, food, housing, and music as basic elements of various cultures represented within the local community.

2.3.4 Explain possible reasons for events in the past.

2.4.2 Explain how barter and trade can lead to interdependence among communities.

Third Grade

Students will develop and apply effective communication skills through speaking and active listening.

Social Studies
3.1.2 Explain that tribal governments in Oklahoma have a right to self-government known as sovereignty.

3.2.2 Examine the interaction of the environment and the peoples of Oklahoma.

A. Describe how early American Indians used Oklahoma’s natural resources, such as bison hunting, fur trading, and farming.

3.2.3 Identify the characteristics of renewable and non-renewable resources and evaluate the role of citizens in conserving natural resources.

3.3.3 Describe American Indian pre-contact cultures that have inhabited what is now Oklahoma, such as the Spiro Mound Builders.

3.3.4 Identify cultural similarities and differences of the existing sovereign tribal nations in Oklahoma, especially those near the local community.

3.3.6 Describe the migrations, settlements, relocations and forced removals of American Indians.

3.3.10 Describe the contributions of Oklahoma’s military personnel, including the Buffalo Soldiers, the code talkers, and the 45th Infantry.

3.4.2 Summarize how the factors of scarcity and surplus and the laws of supply and demand of natural and human resources require people to make choices about producing and consuming goods and services.

Fourth Grade

Students will read and comprehend increasingly complex literary and informational texts.

4-PS3-4 Defining Engineering Problems: Possible solutions to a problem are limited by available materials and resources (constraints).

4-PS3-4 Defining Engineering Problems: The success of a designed solution is determined by considering the desired features of a solution (criteria).

4-ESS3-1 Natural Resources: Energy and fuels that humans use are derived from natural sources, and their use affects the environment in multiple ways.

4-ESS3-1 Natural Resources: Some resources are renewable over time, and others are not.

Social Studies
4.3.1 Identify and describe early settlement patterns of regions in the United States.

A. Draw conclusions from maps to show how climate, vegetation, natural resources, and historic events affect the location and growth of settlements.

B. Identify major American Indian groups and their ways of life in each region, including economic activities, customs, and viewpoints on land usage and ownership.

C. Summarize the reasons for key expeditions of North America by Spain, France, and England and their impact on the development of each region.

D. Identify push and pull factors of human migration.

E. Evaluate the impact of the Columbian Exchange on American Indian groups, African slaves and European settlers, including agriculture, trade, culture, military alliances, control of territory, and the sudden and significant decline of indigenous peoples.

4.4.1 Analyze how humans adapt to and modify their environments in order to survive and grow.

A. Explain how humans depend upon the physical environment for food, shelter, and economic activities.

B. Distinguish between renewable and nonrenewable resources.

C. Explain how physical environments can provide both opportunities and limitations for human activity.

Fifth Grade

Students will read and comprehend increasingly complex literary and informational texts.

5-ESS3-1 Human Impacts on Earth Systems: Human activities in agriculture, industry, and everyday life have had major effects on the land, vegetation, streams, ocean, air, and even outer space. But individuals and communities are doing things to help protect Earth’s resources and environments.

Social Studies
5.2.6 Explain that tribal sovereignty is a tribal nation’s inherent right to self-govern.

Sixth Grade and Seventh Grade

Students will read and comprehend increasingly complex literary and informational texts.

MS-LS2-4 Ecosystem Dynamics, Functioning, and Resilience: Ecosystems are dynamic in nature; their characteristics can vary over time.

MS-LS2-4 Ecosystem Dynamics, Functioning, and Resilience: Disruptions to any physical or biological component of an ecosystem can lead to shifts in all its populations.

MS-LS2-5 Influence of Engineering, Technology, and Science on Society and the Natural World: The use of technologies and any limitations on their use are driven by individual or societal needs, desires, and values; by the findings of scientific research; and by differences in such factors as climate, natural resources, and economic conditions. Thus technology use varies from region to region and over time.

Social Studies
6.3.2 Identify and describe cultural traits of language, ethnic heritage, religion, and traditions practiced among peoples.

6.3.3 Analyze the impact of geography on population distribution, growth, and change, applying geographic concepts of population density, the availability of resources.

6.3.4 Describe how the push and pull factors of migration have affected settlement patterns and the human characteristics of places over time.

6.3.7 Identify and explain topics related to indigenous sovereignty.

6.4.2 Evaluate the effects of human modification on the natural environment through transformation caused by subsistence and commercial agriculture, industry, demand for energy, and urbanization.

6.5.2 Explain how cultural diffusion, both voluntary and forced, impacts societies of a region.

6.5.5 Analyze reasons for conflict and cooperation among and between groups, societies, nations, and regions.

Eighth Grade

Students will read and comprehend increasingly complex literary and informational texts.

MS-ESS3-1 Natural Resources: Humans depend on Earth’s land, ocean, atmosphere, and biosphere for many different resources.

MS-ESS3-1 Natural Resources: Minerals, fresh water, and biosphere resources are limited, and many are not renewable or replaceable over human lifetimes.

MS-ESS3-1 Natural Resources: These resources are distributed unevenly around the planet as a result of past geologic processes.

Social Studies
8.5.3 Analyze the acquisition of the Louisiana territory, the contributions of the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery Expedition, and the eventual establishment of the Indian Territory.

8.12.5 Evaluate the impact of federal policies including:

B. impact of continued displacement of American Indians

Oklahoma History

Social Studies
OKH.1.3 Compare the goals and significance of early Spanish, French, and American interactions with American Indians, including trade, the impact of disease, the arrival of the horse, and new technologies.

OKH.1.4 Compare cultural perspectives of American Indians and European Americans regarding land ownership, structure of self-government, religion, and trading practices.

OKH.2.3 Analyze the motivations for removal of American Indians and the passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830; trace the forced removal of American Indian nations, including the impact on the tribal nations removed to present-day Oklahoma and tribal resistance to the forced relocations.

OKH.3.1 Summarize the impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction Treaties on American Indian peoples, territories, and tribal sovereignty including:

B. Second Indian Removal

D. reasons for the reservation system and the controversy regarding the reservation system as opposed to tribal lands.

OKH.5.9 Summarize and analyze the impact of mobilization for World War II including the establishment of military bases, prisoner of war installations, and the contributions of Oklahomans to the war effort including the American Indian code talkers and the 45th Infantry Division.

US History

USH.1.3 Analyze the impact of westward expansion and immigration on migration, settlement patterns in American society, economic growth, and American Indians.

C. Examine the rationale behind federal policies toward American Indians including the establishment of reservations, attempts at assimilation, the end of the Indian Wars at Wounded Knee, and the impact of the Dawes Act on tribal sovereignty and land ownership.


E.2.3 Answer how the three basic economic questions affect personal income and in turn impact the economic system.

E.3.1 Analyze how price and non-price factors affect the demand and supply of goods and services available in the marketplace.

Environmental and Earth Science

HS-ESS3-1 Natural Resources: Resource availability has guided the development of human society.

HS-ESS3-2 Natural Resources: All forms of energy production and other resource extraction have associated economic, social, environmental, and geopolitical costs and risks as well as benefits. New technologies and social regulations can change the balance of these factors.

HS-ESS3-3 Human Impacts on Earth Systems: The sustainability of human societies and the biodiversity that supports them requires responsible management of natural resources.

HS-LS2-7 Ecosystem Dynamics, Functioning, and Resilience: Anthropogenic changes (induced by human activity) in the environment can disrupt an ecosystem and threaten the survival of some species.

HS-LS2-7 Biodiversity and Humans: Humans depend on the living world for the resources and other benefits provided by biodiversity. But human activity is also having adverse impacts on biodiversity.


HS-LS2-8 Social Interactions and Group Behavior: Group behavior has evolved because membership can increase the chances of survival for individuals and their genetic relatives.

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