Home > PublicationsEncyclopedia >  Boston Mountains

BOSTON MOUNTAINS.

With an area of 5,770 square miles, the Boston Mountains form the southern border of the Ozark National Forest and intrude from northwestern Arkansas into the east-central Oklahoma counties of Cherokee, Adair, Sequoyah, and Muskogee. Gently sloping mountaintops with narrow, steep-sided valleys characterize the range. Among the youngest geologic features of the Ozark region, these mountains are composed largely of sandstone and shale of the dissected Boston Mountain Plateau. Elevations range from about 650 feet above sea level on valley floors to about 2,400 feet on the highest ridge crests. The steep mountaintops are abundant with forests, and the valley floors are ideal for pasture and forage production. Large reservoirs located along the major streams provide municipal water and recreational activities for adventure seekers. The moderately high precipitation (forty-five to fifty-two inches) and average annual temperatures (57˚F to 62˚) are adequate for crops as well as for locally important fruit orchards.

The Boston Mountain range has always sheltered human activity. A significant Civil War battle, Pea Ridge, took place in northwestern Arkansas near Boston Mountain, in the northern portion of the range, effectively ending the Confederate presence in Indian Territory. At the south end of the range, in eastern Oklahoma, lies the timbered Cookson Hills. It was once an important hunting area for American Indians, a subsistence-level farming region in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and later home to Charles Arthur "Pretty Boy" Floyd.

Gregory A. Gromadzki and Richard A. Marston

See also: COOKSON HILLS, ENVIRONMENT AND CULTURAL ECOLOGY, FARMING, OZARK PLATEAU

Bibliography

Kenneth S. Johnson, "Mountains, Streams, and Lakes of Oklahoma," Oklahoma Geological Survey Informational Series No. 1 (Norman: Oklahoma Geological Survey, 1998).

Kenneth S. Johnson et al., Geology and Earth Resources of Oklahoma: An Atlas of Maps and Cross Sections (Norman: Oklahoma Geological Survey, 1972).

John W. Morris, Oklahoma Geography (Oklahoma City-Chattanooga: Harlow Publishing Corporation, 1954).

John W. Morris, Charles R. Goins, and Edwin C. McReynolds, Historical Atlas of Oklahoma (3d ed.; Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986).

Copyright and Terms of Use

No part of this site may be construed as in the public domain.

Copyright to all articles and other content in the online and print Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History is held by the Oklahoma Historical Society. This includes individual articles (copyright to OHS by author assignment) and corporately (as a complete body of work), including web design, graphics, searching functions, and listing/browsing methods. Copyright to all of these materials is protected under United States and International law.

Users agree not to download, copy, modify, sell, lease, rent, reprint, or otherwise distribute these materials, or to link to these materials on another web site, without authorization of the Oklahoma Historical Society. Individual users must determine if their use of the Materials falls under United States copyright law's "Fair Use" guidelines and does not infringe on the proprietary rights of the Oklahoma Historical Society as the legal copyright holder of The Encyclopedia and part or in whole.

Photo credits: All photographs presented in the published and online versions of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture are the property of the Oklahoma Historical Society and are held in the agency's Research Division Photograph Archives (unless otherwise stated).


Citation

The following (as per The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition) is the preferred citation for articles:
Gregory A. Gromadzki and Richard A. Marston, "Boston Mountains," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, www.okhistory.org (accessed November 24, 2017).

About the Encyclopedia | Terms of Use | Using the Encyclopedia