Home > PublicationsEncyclopedia >  Stigler

STIGLER.

The Haskell County seat, located in the county's northwestern quadrant at the intersection of State Highways 9 and 82, Stigler is forty-nine miles west of Fort Smith, Arkansas, and fifty miles southeast of Muskogee. Founded in 1889 by Joseph S. Stigler, a former U.S. deputy marshal who had ridden for infamous "Hanging Judge" Isaac Parker, Stigler was originally called Newman. It existed as a dusty little cow town in Indian Territory. Stigler named the settlement Newman in honor of his friend, a Doctor Newman, whom Stigler had persuaded to move to the village, hoping that medical services would attract settlers. In 1893 the Post Office Department, in an effort to avoid confusion with Norman, Oklahoma Territory, changed the name to Stigler, as Stigler served as the postmaster.

Stigler remained the same until 1904 when the Midland Valley Railroad Company added the community to its stable of railroad towns. The coming of the railroad boosted Stigler's economy. The new railroad depot attracted cotton gins, gristmills, banks, newspapers, more doctors, and, of course, lawyers. By 1905 the town had grown sufficiently enough to allow it to apply to the U.S. District Court in Poteau for incorporation, which was granted in April 1905. At 1907 statehood, Stigler won a competition with neighboring towns to become the county seat of Haskell County.

In 1910 the population stood at 1,583, rising to 1,797 in 1920. Prosperity derived from agriculture, augmented by businesses that were attracted to the county seat of government. Stigler maintained a status quo until the Great Depression and World War II; afterward, the growing of cotton and corn could no longer sustain the economy. In the years that followed World War II the federal government, through its various programs, helped the area's farmers evolve into ranchers, thus preserving agriculture and its economic benefits. Stigler had a host of newspapers, beginning with the Stigler Beacon and soon followed by the State Sentinel. Others have included the Haskell County Leader, the Haskell County News, the Haskell County Tribune, the Country Star, and the Stigler News Sentinel. By 1940 Stigler had 1,861 people, and by 1950 the population had grown to 2,125, expanding to 2,630 in 1980.

The 2000 census tallied 2,731, but the town no longer depended upon agriculture and county government as its sole source of economic support. The building of Lakes Eufaula and Kerr, to the immediate west and east respectively, introduced tourism to the region, and Stigler officials have actively recruited light manufacturing. The founder's son, William Grady Stigler (born in Newman and buried in Stigler), served Oklahoma's Second District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1944 to 1952. The Haskell County Courthouse (NR 84003061), the Stigler School Gymnasium-Auditorium (NR 88001384), and the nearby Mule Creek Archaeological Site (NR 78002237) are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. At the turn of the twenty-first century Stigler had a home rule charter form of government. The 2010 census counted 2,685 residents.

Glenn O. Hyder

See also: SETTLEMENT PATTERNS

Bibliography

John P. Gilday and Mark H. Salt, eds., Oklahoma History, South of the Canadian: Historical and Biographical (Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1925).

Haskell County History: Indian Territory to 1988 (N.p.: Haskell County Historical Society, 1989).

Haskell County (Oklahoma) Tribune, 14 April 1955.

Stigler (Oklahoma) News-Sentinel, April 1955.

Copyright and Terms of Use

No part of this site may be construed as in the public domain.

Copyright to all articles and other content in the online and print Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History is held by the Oklahoma Historical Society. This includes individual articles (copyright to OHS by author assignment) and corporately (as a complete body of work), including web design, graphics, searching functions, and listing/browsing methods. Copyright to all of these materials is protected under United States and International law.

Users agree not to download, copy, modify, sell, lease, rent, reprint, or otherwise distribute these materials, or to link to these materials on another web site, without authorization of the Oklahoma Historical Society. Individual users must determine if their use of the Materials falls under United States copyright law's "Fair Use" guidelines and does not infringe on the proprietary rights of the Oklahoma Historical Society as the legal copyright holder of The Encyclopedia and part or in whole.

Photo credits: All photographs presented in the published and online versions of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture are the property of the Oklahoma Historical Society and are held in the agency's Research Division Photograph Archives (unless otherwise stated).


Citation

The following (as per The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition) is the preferred citation for articles:
Glenn O. Hyder, "Stigler," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, www.okhistory.org (accessed November 24, 2017).

Links of Interest


About the Encyclopedia | Terms of Use | Using the Encyclopedia