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Grade 3: Social Studies Academic Standards

3.3.8 Distinguish between the points of view of both American Indians and settlers regarding the opening of territories in Oklahoma for settlement.

Oklahoma History Center Education Resources

The Opening of Oklahoma
African Americans in Oklahoma Before 1954, page 1

History Alive! Living History

Teacher Resource
Plan a Pioneer Day at Your School

Traveling Trunks
Pioneer Life
Okietales Pioneer Life

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

Clara Sue Kidwell, "Allotment"
Stan Hoig, "Land Run of 1889"
Stan Hoig, "Boomer Movement"
Mary Jane Warde, "Indian Response to the Boomer Movement"
Alvin O. Turner, "Cherokee Outlet Opening"
Michael H. Reggio, "Cheyenne-Arapaho Opening"
Linda D. Wilson, "Sac and Fox Opening"
Linda D. Wilson, "Kickapoo Opening"

Research Center Resources

Rennard A. Strickland, The Indians in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981)
Robert E. Smith, Oklahoma's Forgotten Indians (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1981)
Arrell Morgan Gibson, Between Two Worlds: The Survival of Twentieth Century Indians(Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1986)
Arrell Morgan Gibson, America's Exiles: Indian Colonization in Oklahoma (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1976)
Jordan, H. Glenn and Thomas M. Holm, Indian Leaders: Oklahoma’s First Statesmen (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1979)
Native American Newspapers Collection, The Gateway to Oklahoma History

Online Primary Sources

"Indian-Pioneer Papers," Western History Collection, University of Oklahoma
"The Duke Collection of American Indian Oral History," Western History Collection, University of Oklahoma

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