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Kerr-McGee Gallery Guide

Steamboat Heroine, African American History, Military History, and Oil and Gas

Grade Level or Subject Standards Addressed

Students will develop and apply effective communication skills through speaking and active listening.

K.A.1.1 Sort and group up to 10 objects into a set based upon characteristics such as color, size, and shape. Explain verbally what the objects have in common.

K.GM.1.1 Recognize squares, circles, triangles, and rectangles.

K-PS2-1 Forces and Motion: Pushes and pulls can have different strengths and directions.

K-PS2-2 Forces and Motion: Pushing or pulling on an object can change the speed or direction of its motion and can start or stop it.

K-PS2-1 Types of Interactions:  When objects touch or collide, they push on one another and can change motion.

K-ESS2-2 Relationship Between Energy and Forces: A bigger push or pull makes things speed up or slow down more quickly.

K-ESS3-1 Human Impacts on Earth Systems: Things that people do to live comfortably can affect the world around them.

K-ESS3-2 Natural Resources: Humans use natural resources for everything they do.

Social Studies
K.1.1 Describe the importance of rules, personal responsibilities, and natural consequences as a member of a family, class, and school.

K.1.2 Identify ways to be an active member of the community.

K.2.5 Describe what makes one's community alike or different than other communities.

K.3.1 Explain how events of the past may have affected our community and the way we live today.

K.3.2 Explain how we honor people and events of the past.

K.3.4 Explain that different types of sources can be used to learn about the past.

K.4.4 Explain how various community members including police officers, firefighters, soldiers, school personnel, business professionals, and medical personnel impact the student's life.

First Grade


Students will develop and apply effective communication skills through speaking and active listening.

1.GM.1.4 Recognize three-dimensional shapes such as cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres.

1-LS1-1 Influence of Engineering, Technology, and Science, on Society and the Natural World: Every human-made product is designed by applying some knowledge of the natural world and is built using materials derived from the natural world.

1-PS4-1 Wave Properties: Sound can make matter vibrate, and vibrating matter can make sound.

Social Studies
1.1.1 Describe the need for written laws and the main purpose of government, including the concept of consequences for one's actions when a law or rule is violated.

1.3.1 Explain why people may see events from different points of view.

1.3.2 Describe the contributions of people and groups who have shaped our history and ways we commemorate important places and events of the past.

1.4.3 Identify and explain the roles of consumers and producers in the American economy.
Second Grade

Students will develop and apply effective communication skills through speaking and active listening.

2.A.1.1 Represent, create, describe, complete, and extend growing and shrinking patterns with quantity and numbers in a variety of real-world and mathematical contexts.

2-PS1-1 Structure and Properties of Matter: Different kinds of matter exist and many of them can be either solid or liquid, depending on temperature.

2-PS1-1 Structure and Properties of Matter: Matter can be described and classified by its observable properties.

2-PS1-1 Structure and Properties of Matter: Different properties are suited to different purposes.

2-PS1-2 Chemical Reactions: Heating or cooling a substance may cause changes that can be observed.

2-PS1-2 Chemical Reactions: Sometimes these changes are reversible, and sometimes they are not.

2-ESS2-1 Influence of Engineering, Technology, and Science on Society and the Natural World: Developing and using technology has impacts on the natural world.

2-ESS2-2 Plate Tectonics and Large-Scale System Interactions: Maps show where things are located.

2-ESS2-2 Plate Tectonics and Large-Scale System Interactions: One can map the shapes and kinds of land and water in any area.

Social Studies
2.1.5 Explain how all people can play an important role in their community.

2.3.2 Compare perspectives of people in the past to people in the present.

2.3.4 Explain possible reasons for events in the past.

2.4.1 Explain the importance of supply and demand in the consumer and producer relationship.

Third Grade

Students will develop and apply effective communication skills through speaking and active listening.

3.GM.1.1 Sort three-dimensional shapes based on attributes.

3-PS2-2 Forces and Motion: The patterns of an object's motion in various situations can be observed and measured; when that past motion exhibits a regular pattern, future motion can be predicted from it.

3-ESS3-1 Influence of Engineering, Technology, and Science on Society and the Natural World: Engineers improve existing technologies or develop new ones to increase their benefits (e.g., better artificial limbs), decrease known risks (e.g., seatbelts in cars), and meet societal demands (e.g., cell phones).

Social Studies
3.1.5 Define the concept of civic virtue and responsibilities of the citizen at the local, state, and tribal levels, including respect for diversity.

3.2.3 Identify the characteristics of renewable and non-renewable resources and evaluate the role of citizens in conserving natural resources.

3.3.10 Describe the contributions of Oklahoma's military personnel, including the Buffalo Soldiers, the code talkers, and the 45th Infantry.

3.3.12 Examine notable historic and present-day Oklahomans utilizing biographies and information texts such as Jim Thorpe, Sequoyah, Will Rogers, Wiley Post, Mickey Mantle, Shannon Lucid, Bill Pickett, Clara Luper, and Maria Tallchief.

3.4.1 Compare differences among human, natural, and capital resources used to produce goods and services.

3.4.2 Summarize how the factors of scarcity and surplus and the laws of supply and demand of natural and human resources require people to make choices about producing and consuming goods and services.

3.4.3 Examine how the development of Oklahoma's major economic activities have contributed to the growth of the state, including, mining and energy industry, agriculture, aviation, tourism, tribal enterprises, and military installations.

Fourth Grade

Students will read and comprehend increasingly complex literary and informational texts.

4.GM.2.3 Using a variety of tools and strategies, develop the concept that the volume of rectangular prisms with whole-number edge lengths can be found by counting the total number of same-sized unit cubes that fill a shape without gaps or overlaps. Use appropriate measurements such as cm3.

4-PS3-1 Definitions of Energy: The faster a given object is moving, the more energy it possesses.

4-PS3-2 Definitions of Energy: Energy can be moved from place to place by moving objects or through sound, light, or electric currents.

4-PS3-3 Relationship Between Energy and Forces: When objects collide, the contact forces transfer energy so as to change the objects' motions.

4-PS3-4 Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday Life: The expression "produce energy" typically refers to the conversion of stored energy into a desired form for practical use.

4-ESS3-1 Natural Resources: Energy and fuels that humans use are derived from natural sources, and their use affects the environment in multiple ways.

4-ESS3-1 Natural Resources: Some resources are renewable over time, and others are not.

Social Studies
4.1.1 Describe the concepts of democracy and representative government, including the rule of law, equality, the common good and individual rights.

A. Explain the concept of civic responsibilities, including respect for the law, the necessity for compromise, civic participation, and public service.

B. Understand the necessity of respect for diversity of the individual and diversity of groups comprising American society.

4.1.2 Compare powers exercised by the local, state, and national levels of governments, recognizing tribal sovereignty as a tribal nation's inherent right to self-govern.

4.1.2 Compare powers exercised by the local, state, and national levels of governments, recognizing tribal sovereignty as a tribal nation's inherent right to self-govern.

D. Identify push and pull factors of human migration.

E. Evaluate the impact of the Columbian Exchange on American Indian groups, African slaves and European settlers, including agriculture, trade, culture, military alliances, control of territory, and the sudden and significant decline of indigenous peoples.

4.4.1 Analyze how humans adapt to and modify their environments in order to survive and grow.

B. Distinguish between renewable and nonrenewable resources.

4.4.2 Describe the patterns and networks of economic interdependence among regions of the United States.

C. Describe the relative location of natural resources, such as fossil fuels, minerals and soils, and their relationship to each region's major economic activities, including agriculture, manufacturing, transportation, energy, and services.

4.4.3 Explain how economic activities can threaten the physical environment.

B. Identify examples of changes in land use in local communities and how the physical environment can be stressed by human activities.

Fifth Grade

Students will read and comprehend increasingly complex literary and informational texts.

5.GM.2.2 Recognize that the surface area of a three-dimensional figure with rectangular faces with whole numbered edges can be found by finding the area of each component of the net of that figure. Know that three-dimensional shapes of different dimensions can have the same surface area.

5.GM.3.3 Recognize and use the relationship between inches, feet, and yards to measure and compare objects.

5-PS1-1 Structure and Properties of Matter: Matter of any type can be subdivided into particles that are too small to see, but even then the matter still exists and can be detected by other means.

5-PS1-1 Structure and Properties of Matter: A model showing that gases are made from matter particles that are too small to see and are moving freely around in space can explain many observations, including the inflation and shape of a balloon; the effects of air on larger particles or objects.

5-PS1-2 Structure and Properties of Matter: The amount (weight) of matter is conserved when it changes form, even in transitions in which it seems to vanish.

5-ESS3-1 Human Impacts on Earth Systems: Human activities in agriculture, industry, and everyday life have had major effects on the land, vegetation, streams, ocean, air, and even outer space. But individuals and communities are doing things to help protect Earth's resources and environments.

Social Studies
5.4.4 Describe the relationship between the federal government and sovereign American Indian nations, as established under the Constitution of the United States.

Sixth Grade and Seventh Grade

Students will read and comprehend increasingly complex literary and informational texts.

6.GM.1.1 Develop and use formulas for the area of squares and parallelograms using a variety of methods including but not limited to the standard algorithm.

6.GM.3.2 Solve problems in various real-world and mathematical contexts that require the conversion of weights, capacities, geometric measurements, and time within the same measurement systems using appropriate units.

7.GM.2.2 Find the area and perimeter of composite figures to solve real-world and mathematical problems.

MS-PS1-4 Structure and Properties of Matter: Gases and liquids are made of molecules or inert atoms that are moving about relative to each other. In a liquid, the molecules are constantly in contact with others; in a gas, they are widely spaced except when they happen to collide. In a solid, atoms are closely spaced and may vibrate in position but do not change relative locations.

S-PS1-4 Structure and Properties of Matter: The changes of state that occur with variations in temperature or pressure can be described and predicted using these models of matter.

MS-PS3-1 Definitions of Energy:  Motion energy is properly called kinetic energy; it is proportional to the mass of the moving object and grows with the square of its speed.

MS-PS3-2 Definitions of Energy:

A system of objects may also contain stored (potential) energy, depending on their relative positions.

MS-PS3-2 Relationship Between Energy and Forces:

When two objects interact, each one exerts a force on the other that can cause energy to be transferred to or from the object.

Social Studies
6.2.3 Describe the predominant natural resources found in each region.

6.2.4 Describe the relationship and summarize the impact of the distribution of major renewable and nonrenewable resources on each region.

6.3.7 Identify and explain topics related to indigenous sovereignty.

6.3.8 Evaluate how the three levels of economic activities (primary, secondary, tertiary) contribute to the development of a nation and region.

6.4.2, 7.4.4 Evaluate the effects of human modification on the natural environment through transformation caused by subsistence and commercial agriculture, industry, demand for energy, and urbanization.

6.5.5 Analyze reasons for conflict and cooperation among and between groups, societies, nations, and regions.

7.2.2 Describe the distribution of major renewable and nonrenewable resources of each region.

Eighth Grade

Students will read and comprehend increasingly complex literary and informational texts.

MS-ESS3-1 Natural Resources: Humans depend on Earth's land, ocean, atmosphere, and biosphere for many different resources.

MS-ESS3-1 Natural Resources: Minerals, fresh water, and biosphere resources are limited, and many are not renewable or replaceable over human lifetimes.

MS-ESS3-1 Natural Resources: These resources are distributed unevenly around the planet as a result of past geologic processes.

MS-ESS3-4 Human Impacts on Earth Systems: Typically as human populations and per-capita consumption of natural resources increase, so do the negative impacts on Earth unless the activities and technologies involved are engineered otherwise.

Social Studies
8.5.3 Analyze the acquisition of the Louisiana territory, the contributions of the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery Expedition, and the eventual establishment of the Indian Territory.

8.7.3 Analyze the impact of Jackson's policies and decisions concerning American Indian nations and their tribal sovereignty as a nation's inherent right to self-govern, including:

A. non-adherence to federal treaties

B. disregard for the Worcester v. Georgia decision

C. forced removals of American Indians

8.8.4 Analyze the consequences of westward expansion, including the impact on the culture of American

Indians and their homelands, and the growing sectional tensions regarding the expansion of slavery.

8.12.5 Evaluate the impact of federal policies including:

B. impact of continued displacement of American Indians

Oklahoma History

Social Studies
OKH.2.2 Describe the major trading and peacekeeping goals of early military posts including Fort Gibson.

OKH.2.4 Describe the consequences of Indian Removal on intertribal relationships with western nations, such as the Osage, Comanche, Kiowa, Cheyenne and Arapaho.

OKH.3.1 Summarize the impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction Treaties on American Indian peoples, territories, and tribal sovereignty including:

A. required enrollment of the Freedmen

B. Second Indian Removal

C. significance of the Massacre at the Washita

D. reasons for the reservation system and the controversy regarding the reservation system as opposed to tribal lands.

E. establishment of the western military posts including the role of the Buffalo Soldiers

OKH.5.2 Examine multiple points of view regarding the evolution of race relations in Oklahoma, including:

A. growth of All-Black towns (1865–1920)

B. passage of Senate Bill 1 establishing Jim Crow Laws

D. emergence of "Black Wall Street" in the Greenwood District

E. causes of the Tulsa Race Riot and its continued social and economic impact.

F. the role labels play in understanding historic events, for example "riot" versus "massacre".

OKH.5.4 Examine how the economic cycles of boom and bust of the oil industry affected major sectors of employment, mining, and the subsequent development of communities, as well as the role of entrepreneurs, including J.J. McAlester, Frank Phillips, E.W. Marland and Robert S. Kerr, and the designation of Tulsa as the "Oil Capital of the World".

OKH.5.9 Summarize and analyze the impact of mobilization for World War II including the establishment of military bases, prisoner of war installations, and the contributions of Oklahomans to the war effort including the American Indian code talkers and the 45th Infantry Division.

OKH.6.1 Evaluate the progress of race relations and actions of civil disobedience in the state including:<

A. judicial interpretation of the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment which ultimately resulted in the desegregation of public facilities and public schools and universities

B. landmark Supreme Court cases of Sipuel v. Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma (1948) and McLaurin v. Oklahoma Board of Regents for Higher Education (1950)

C. lunch counter sit-ins organized by Clara Luper and the NAACP

OKH.6.2 Analyze the impact of economic growth in various sectors including:

F. oil and gas boom and bust, including the discovery of new fossil fuel resources

US History

USH.1.3 Analyze the impact of westward expansion and immigration on migration, settlement patterns in American society, economic growth, and American Indians.

C. Examine the rationale behind federal policies toward American Indians including the establishment of reservations, attempts at assimilation, the end of the Indian Wars at Wounded Knee, and the impact of the Dawes Act on tribal sovereignty and land ownership.

USH.2.1 Evaluate the transformation of American society, economy and politics during the American Industrial Revolution.

F. Assess and summarize changing race relations as exemplified in the Plessy v. Ferguson case.

USH.4.1 Examine the economic, political, and social transformations between the World Wars.

B. Describe the rising racial tensions in American society including the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan, increased lynchings, race riots as typified by the Tulsa Race Riot, the rise of Marcus Garvey and Black nationalism, and the use of poll taxes and literacy tests to disenfranchise Blacks.

USH.7.1 Analyze the major events, personalities, tactics and effects of the Civil Rights Movement.

A. Assess the effects of President Truman's decision to desegregate the United States armed forces and the legal attacks on segregation by the NAACP and Thurgood Marshall, the United States Supreme Court decisions in the cases of Oklahomans Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher and George McLaurin, and the differences between de jure and de facto segregation.

B. Evaluate the events arising from separate but equal, policies, such as poll taxes and literacy tests, violent responses such as the Birmingham church bombing and the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and conflicts over segregation including:

4. Oklahoma City lunch counter sit-ins led by Clara Luper


E.1.1 Define and apply basic economic concepts of money supply, scarcity, surplus, choice, opportunity cost, cost/benefit analysis, risk/reward relationship, incentive, disincentive, and trade-off to a variety of economic situations.

E.3.1 Analyze how price and non-price factors affect the demand and supply of goods and services available in the marketplace.

E.8.2 Analyze the potential risks and potential gains of entrepreneurs opening new businesses or inventing a new product; determine the financial and nonfinancial incentives that motivate entrepreneurs.


USG.3.7 Evaluate the importance of the rule of law on the purposes and functions of government; explain how the rule of law provides for the protection of individual liberties, including due process and equality under the law.

USG.3.8 Analyze the concept of popular sovereignty, including the government's responsibility to legitimize majority rule while protecting minority rights.

USG.3.9 Analyze the rights and liberties guaranteed to all citizens in the Bill of Rights and how they are protected at the state level through the doctrine of incorporation using the 14th Amendment.

USG.5.3 Analyze how our system of government provides citizens opportunities to monitor and influence the actions of the government and hold elected officials accountable.


HS-PS1-5 Chemical Reactions: Chemical processes, their rates, and whether or not energy is stored or released can be understood in terms of the collisions of molecules and the rearrangements of atoms into new molecules, with consequent changes in the sum of all bond energies in the set of molecules that are matched by changes in kinetic energy.

HS-PS2-1 Forces and Motion: Newton's second law accurately predicts changes in the motion of macroscopic objects.

HS-PS2-2 Forces and Motion: Momentum is defined for a particular frame of reference; it is the mass times the velocity of the object.

HS-PS2-2 Forces and Motion: If a system interacts with objects outside itself, the total momentum of the system can change; however, any such change is balanced by changes in the momentum of objects outside the system.

HS-PS3-1 Definitions of Energy: Energy is a quantitative property of a system that depends on the motion and interactions of matter and radiation within that system. That there is a single quantity called energy is due to the fact that a system's total energy is conserved, even as, within the system, energy is continually transferred from one object to another and between its various possible forms.

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