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Outdoor Exhibits Gallery Guide

Red River Journey, the Meinders Foundation Heritage Gardens, and the Timeline of Oklahoma

Exhibit AreaStandards Addressed
Red River Journey ELA
  • Students will acquire, refine, and share knowledge through a variety of written, oral, visual, digital, non-verbal, and interactive texts.
Science
  • Fossils provide evidence about the types of organisms that lived long ago and also about the nature of their environments (3-LS4-1)
  • Populations live in a variety of habitats, and change in those habitats affects the organisms living there (3-LS4-4)
  • Plate tectonics is the unifying theory that explains the past and current movements of the rocks at Earth’s surface and provides a framework for understanding its geologic history (HS-ESS1-5)
  • Plate movements are responsible for most continental and ocean-floor features and for the distribution of most rocks and minerals within Earth’s crust (HS-ESS2-1)
  • Resource availability has guided the development of human society (HS-ESS3-1)
Math
  • Develop and verify mathematical relationships of right triangles and trigonometric ratios to solve real-world and mathematical problems (Surveying; RT.1)
Social Studies
  • Identify important symbols of the United States’ including the Bald Eagle and the Liberty Bell, and explain their meanings (1.4)
  • Describe how communities modify the environment to meet their needs. (W.C. Austin Project; Ft. Smith to Ft. Towson Road; Big Pasture; 2.2.5)
  • Describe the climate and various natural vegetation zones found in Oklahoma (Cross Timbers; Hackberry Flat; 3.2.1.E)
  • Examine the interaction of the environment and the peoples of Oklahoma–Summarize how Oklahomans affect and change their environments such as the construction of the Kerr-McClellan Navigation System, creation of recreational lakes by the building of dams, irrigation of croplands, and the establishment of wildlife refuges (W.C. Austin Project; Hackberry Flatlands; The Great Raft; Blue River; Lake Texhoma; 3.2.2D)
  • Describe early expeditions in Oklahoma such as those of Coronado, Washington Irving, and George Catlin (Devil’s Canyon; Bernard De La Harpe; 3.3.5)
  • Describe the migrations, settlements, relocations and forced removals of Native Americans including, but not limited to the Trail of Tears (Devil’s Canyon; Chickasaw Nation; Choctaw Nation; Ft. Towson; 3.3.6)
  • Describe cowboy life and cattle drives as typified by experiences along such routes as the Chisholm Trail (Chisolm Trail; East and West Shawnee Trail; Texas Road; 3.3.7)
  • Examine how the development of Oklahoma’s major economic activities have contributed to the growth of the state, including oil and natural gas, industry, agriculture, aviation, tourism, tribal enterprises, and military installations (Oil and Gas Industry; Altus Air Force Base; Jones Plantation; Colbert’s Ferry; W.C. Austin Project; 3.4.3)
  • Analyze the consequences of westward expansion, including the impact on the culture of Native Americans and their homelands, and the growing sectional tensions regarding the expansion of slavery (Big Pasture; Katy Railroad; Comanche, Kiowa, Apache Reservation; Chickasaw Nation; Choctaw Nation; 8.8.4)
  • Integrate visual information to identify and describe the significant physical and human features including major trails, railway lines, waterways, cities, ecological regions, natural resources, highways, and landforms (OKH1.1)
  • Summarize and analyze the role of river transportation to early trade and mercantile settlements including Chouteau’s Trading Post at Three Forks (Warren’s Trading Post; Bernard de La Harpe; OKH.2.1)
  • Describe the major trading and peacekeeping goals of early military posts including Fort Gibson (OKH.2.2)
  • Compare the governments among the Native American nations and the movement for the state of Sequoyah. (OKH.4.1)
  • Analyze William H. “Alfalfa Bill” Murray’s response to the conditions created by the Great Depression (Red River War; 5.6)
  • Describe the impact of environmental conditions and human mismanagement of resources resulting in the Dust Bowl and the migration of the “Okies,” the national perceptions of Oklahomans and the New Deal policies regarding conservation of natural resources (Shelterbelt; CCC;5.7)
Meinders Foundation Heritage Gardens ELA
  • Students will acquire, refine, and share knowledge through a variety of written, oral, visual, digital, non-verbal, and interactive texts.
Science
  • Plants need water and light to live and grow (K-LS1-1; 2-LS2-1)
  • Plants depend on animals for pollination or to move their seeds around (2-LS2-2)
  • There are many different kinds of living things in any area, and they exist in different places on land and in water (2-LS4-1)
  • The planet’s systems interact over scales that range from microscopic to global in size. These interactions have shaped Earth’s history and will determine its future. (MS-ESS2-2)
  • Maps of ancient land and water patterns, based on investigations of rocks and fossils, make clear how Earth’s plates have moved great distances, collided, and spread apart (MS-ESS2-3)
  • The process of photosynthesis converts light energy to stored chemical energy by converting carbon dioxide plus water into sugars plus released oxygen (HS-LS1-5)
  • The main way that solar energy is captured and stored on Earth is through the complex chemical process known as photosynthesis (HS-LS2-5)
Social Studies
  • Describe the climate and various natural vegetation zones found in Oklahoma (3.2.1.E)
  • Explain how Native American agricultural practices, such as the Three Sisters, contributed to the early survival of the colonists (5.1.8)
Timeline of Oklahoma ELA
  • Students will acquire, refine, and share knowledge through a variety of written, oral, visual, digital, non-verbal, and interactive texts.
Math
  • Determine elapsed time and convert between units of time (GM.3)
Social Studies
  • Describe Native American prehistoric cultures that have inhabited what is now Oklahoma, such as the Spiro Mound Builders (3.3.3)
  • Summarize the accomplishments of prehistoric cultures including the Spiro Mound Builders (OKH.1.2)
  • Summarize and analyze the role of river transportation to early trade and mercantile settlements including Chouteau’s Trading Post at Three Forks (OKH.2.1)
  • Analyze the acquisition of the Louisiana Territory, the contributions of the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery Expedition and the establishment of the Indian Territory (8.5.3)
  • Describe the migrations, settlements, relocations and forced removals of Native Americans including, but not limited to the Trail of Tears (3.3.6)
  • Analyze the impact of Jackson’s policies and decisions concerning Native American nations and their tribal sovereignty as a nation’s inherent right to self-govern, including:
    • non-adherence to federal treaties
    • disregard for the Worcester v. Georgia decision
    • forced removals of Native Americans
    • the social, political and economic structures of various Nations resulting from relocation (8.7.4)
  • Describe the major trading and peacekeeping goals of early military posts including Fort Gibson (OKH.2.2)
  • Analyze the motivations for removal of Native Americans and the passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830; trace the forced removal of Native American peoples, including the tribal nations into present-day Oklahoma and tribal resistance to the forced relocations (OKH.2.3)
  • Describe cowboy life and cattle drives as typified by experiences along such routes as the Chisholm
  • Trail (3.3.7)
  • Describe the contributions of Oklahoma’s military personnel, including the Buffalo Soldiers, the code talkers, and the 45th Infantry (3.3.10)
  • Examine multiple points of view regarding the evolution of race relations in Oklahoma, including:
    • growth of All-Black towns (1865–1920)
    • passage of Senate Bill 1 establishing Jim Crow Laws
    • rise of the Ku Klux Klan
    • emergence of “Black Wall Street” in the Greenwood District
    • causes of the Tulsa Race Riot and its continued social and economic impact (OKH.5.2)
  • Describe the impact of environmental conditions and human mismanagement of resources resulting in the Dust Bowl and the migration of the “Okies”, the national perceptions of Oklahomans and the New Deal policies regarding conservation of natural resources (OKH.5.7)
  • Describe the contributions of Oklahomans including African-American jazz musicians, the political and social commentaries of Will Rogers and Woody Guthrie’s political and social commentaries, Wiley Post’s aviation milestones, and the artwork of the Kiowa Six (OKH.5.8)
  • Summarize and analyze the impact of mobilization for World War II including the establishment of military bases and prisoner of war installations and the contributions of Oklahomans to the war effort including the Native American code talkers and the 45th Infantry Division (OKH.5.9)
  • Analyze the impact of economic growth in various sectors including:
    • impact of rural to urban migration
    • development of wind, water, and timber resources
    • continuing role of agriculture
    • emergence of tourism as an industry
    • development of the aerospace and aviation industry including the FAA and the influence of weather
    • research on national disaster preparedness
    • oil and gas boom and bust, including the discovery of new fossil fuel resources
    • improvement of the state’s transportation (OKH.6.2)
  • Evaluate the progress of race relations and actions of civil disobedience in the state including:
    • judicial interpretation of the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment which ultimately resulted in the desegregation of public facilities and public schools and universities
    • landmark Supreme Court cases of Sipuel v. Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma (1948) and McLaurin v. Oklahoma Board of Regents for Higher Education (1950)
    • lunch counter sit-ins organized by Clara Luper and the NAACP
    • leadership of Governor Gary in the peaceful integration of the public common and higher education systems (OKH.6.1)
  • Describe the artistic contributions of Oklahomans in the fields of music, art, literature, theater, and dance such as Ralph Ellison and the Five Indian Ballerinas (OKH.6.3)