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Oklahoma History Academic Standards

OKH.2.4 Describe the consequences of Indian Removal on intertribal relationships with western nations, such as the Osage, Comanche, Kiowa, Cheyenne and Arapaho.

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

Donald Fixico, "American Indians"
Andrew K. Frank, "Indian Removal"
Dianna Everett, "Indian Territory"
W. David Baird, "Westward Expansion"
Brad Agnew, "Dodge-Leavenworth Expedition"
Jerome O. Steffen, "Stokes Commission"
Jon D. May, "Treaty of Camp Holmes"
Phillip Drennon Thomas, "Pike-Wilkinson Expedition"
Howard Meredith, "Caddo (Kadohadacho)"
Rennard Strickland, "Cherokee (tribe)"
John H. Moore, "Cheyenne, Southern"
James P. Pate, "Chickasaw"
Clara Sue Kidwell, "Choctaw (tribe)"
Thomas W. Kavanagh, "Comanche (tribe)"
Theodore Isham and Blue Clark, "Creek (Mvskoke)"
Benjamin R. Kracht, "Kiowa (tribe)"
Louis F. Burns, "Osage (tribe)"
Jon D. May, "Otoe-Missouria"
Timothy James McCollum, "Sac and Fox"
Andrew K. Frank, "Seminole (tribe)"
Carolyn Garrett Pool, "Wichita"

Research Center Resources

Rennard A. Strickland, The Indians in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981)
Robert E. Smith, Oklahoma's Forgotten Indians (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1981)
Arrell Morgan Gibson, America's Exiles: Indian Colonization in Oklahoma (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1976)
Removal of Tribes to Oklahoma

Online Primary Sources

Resources Related to American Indian and Alaska Native Communities at the National Archives, DocsTeach
Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town
Caddo Nation of Oklahoma
Cherokee Nation
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes
Chickasaw Nation
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
Comanche Nation
Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma
Muscogee (Creek) Nation
The Osage Nation
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma
Shawnee Tribe
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town
United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma
Wichita and Affiliated Tribes

Additional Resources

"Native People of the Central Plains," National Archives
"Oklahoma Indian Tribe Education Guides," State Department of Education
"Native Knowledge 360ᵒ Lessions and Resources," National Museum of the American Indian
"Indian Resources Timeline," The United States Department of Justice
"Immigration…Native Americans," Library of Congress
"Federally Recognized Native Communities in Oklahoma (2018)," National Archives


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