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The Tulsa Race Massacre


Gregory, Carl E., "Tulsa," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=TU003.

Making Tulsa “Oil Capital of the World.” Author: AOGHS.ORG Editors. American Oil & Gas Historical Society. https://aoghs.org/petroleum-pioneers/making-tulsa-oil-capital. Last Updated: November 18, 2019. Original Published Date: November 11, 2012.

“O.W. Gurley: ‘The Visionary Builder’.” Centennial Tulsa Pilgrimage 2021, http://blackwallstreet.org/owgurley

Luckerson, Victor. “Black Wall Street: The African American Haven that Burned and then Rose from the Ashes.” The Ringer, June 28, 2018. https://www.theringer.com/2018/6/28/17511818/black-wall-street-oklahoma-greenwood-destruction-tulsa

Oklahoma Commission to Study the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921. Tulsa Race Riot: A Report by the Oklahoma Commission to Study the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921. 2001.

Gamble-Theard, Jennifer. “Black Wall Street: A Legacy of Success, part 2.” The Weekly Challenger, April 26, 2018. http://theweeklychallenger.com/black-wall-street-a-legacy-of-success-part-2/

“Black Wall Street.” Greenwood Cultural Center, https://greenwoodculturalcenter.com/

Messer, Chris; Bell, Patricia A.; Caniglia, Elizabeth; Kirksey, Jason; and Webb, Gary. The Tulsa Race Riot of 1921: Determining Its Causes and Its Framing, 2008, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

“1901 to 1925.” Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/collections/african-american-perspectives-rare-books/articles-and-essays/timeline-of-african-american-history/1901-to-1925/

Bouche, Teryn and Laura Rivard. “America’s Hidden History: The Eugenics Movement.” Scitable by Nature Education, September 18, 2014. https://www.nature.com/scitable/forums/genetics-generation/america-s-hidden-history-the-eugenics-movement-123919444/

“Lynching in America.” Equal Justice Initiative. https://lynchinginamerica.eji.org/report/

Woodson, Evan; Hughes, Charles; Carreiro, Amy; and Kinder, John. Strange Fruit on the Southern Plains: Racial Violence, Lynching, and African Americans in Oklahoma, 1830–1930, 2015, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

Everett, Dianna, "Lynching," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=LY001.

Smitherman, Andrew Jackson. The Tulsa Star (Tulsa, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 29, Ed. 1, Saturday, May 16, 1914, newspaper, May 16, 1914; Tulsa, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc72664/: accessed April 16, 2020), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.

Hirsch, James S. Riot and Remembrance : The Tulsa Race War and Its Legacy. 2002.

Brown, DeNeen L. “They Was Killing Black People.” Washington Post, September 28, 2018. https://www.npr.org/2019/12/17/789015343/new-research-identifies-possible-mass-graves-from1921-tulsa-race-massacre. This article summarizes many of the controversies in this section.

Krehbiel, Randy. “1921 Race Riot: Tribune Mystery Unsolved.” Tulsa World, May 31, 2002. https://www.tulsaworld.com/archive/race-riot-tribune-mystery-unsolved/article_81f8ac0b-01bd-56a8-97ba-851961c400be.html

Romo, Vanessa. “New Research Identifies Possible Mass Graves from 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre.” NPR, December 17, 2019. https://www.npr.org/2019/12/17/789015343/new-research-identifies-possible-mass-graves-from1921-tulsa-race-massacre

Mackey, Joshua D. “Breaking a Century of Silence: A Historiography of the Tulsa Race Riot.” Fairmount Folio: Journal of History Vol.19. May 13, 2019. https://journals.wichita.edu/index.php/ff/article/view/228