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Oklahoma History Academic Standards

OKH.2.3 Analyze the motivations for removal of American Indians and the passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830; trace the forced removal of American Indian nations, including the impact on the tribal nations removed to present-day Oklahoma and tribal resistance to the forced relocations.

Oklahoma History Center Education Resources

Traveling Trunk
American Indian Nations of Oklahoma in the Modern Era

E-Exhibit
American Indians in Oklahoma

Teacher Resources
Tribal Sovereignty Overview

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

Donald Fixico, "American Indians"
Dianna Everett, "Apache Tribe of Oklahoma"
Howard Meredith, "Caddo (Kadohadacho)"
Rennard Strickland, "Cherokee (tribe)"
John H. Moore, "Cheyenne, Southern"
James P. Pate, "Chickasaw"
Clara Sue Kidwell, "Choctaw (tribe)"
Lisa A. Kraft, "Citizen Potawatomi"
Thomas W. Kavanagh, "Comanche (tribe)"
Theodore Isham and Blue Clark, "Creek (Mvskoke)"
Jon D. May, "Iowa"
William E. Unrau, "Kaw (Kansa)"
Annette Kuhlman, "Kickapoo"
Benjamin R. Kracht, "Kiowa (tribe)"
Pamela Koenig, "Miami (tribe)"
Burl E. Self, "Modoc"
Louis F. Burns, "Osage (tribe)"
Jon D. May, "Otoe-Missouria"
John R. Lovett, "Ottawa"
Douglas R. Parks, "Pawnee (tribe)"
Glen Roberson, "Peoria (tribe)"
Mark van de Logt, "Ponca"
Timothy James McCollum, "Quapaw (tribe)"
Timothy James McCollum, "Sac and Fox"
Andrew K. Frank, "Seminole (tribe)"
Jon D. May, "Seneca-Cayuga"
Pamela A. Smith, "Shawnee, Absentee"
Pamela A. Smith, "Shawnee, Eastern"
Pamela A. Smith, "Shawnee Tribe (Loyal Shawnee)"
Jon D. May, "Tonkawa (tribe)"
Rick Stansfield, "Wyandotte (tribe)"
Carolyn Garrett Pool, "Wichita"

Research Center Resources

Rennard A. Strickland, The Indians in Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981)
Robert E. Smith, Oklahoma's Forgotten Indians (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1981)
Arrell Morgan Gibson, America's Exiles: Indian Colonization in Oklahoma (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1976)

Online Primary Sources

R"esources Related to American Indian and Alaska Native Communities at the National Archives," DocsTeach

Additional Resources

"Federally Recognized Native Communities in Oklahoma (2018)," National Archives
"Oklahoma Indian Tribe Education Guides," State Department of Education
"Lessons and Resources," Native Knowledge 360ᵒ, National Museum of the American Indian
"Indian Resources Timeline," The United States Department of Justice
"Immigration…Native Americans," Library of Congress
Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
Caddo Nation of Oklahoma
Cherokee Nation
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes
Chickasaw Nation
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
Citizen Potawatomi Nation
Comanche Nation
Delaware Nation
Delaware Tribe of Indians
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma
Fort Sill Apache Tribe
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma
Kaw Nation
Kialegee Tribal Town
Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma
Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
Modoc Nation
Muscogee (Creek) Nation
The Osage Nation
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
Ponca Tribe of Oklahoma
Quapaw Tribe of Indians
Sac and Fox Nation
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma
Seneca-Cayuga Nation
Shawnee Tribe
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town
Tonkawa Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma
Wichita and Affiliated Tribes
Wyandotte Nation




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