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Grade 5 Academic Standards

5.1.8 Explain how American Indian agricultural practices, such as the Three Sisters, contributed to the early survival of the colonists.

Oklahoma History Center Education Resources

E-Exhibits
American Indians in Oklahoma

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

Robert L. Brooks, "Prehistoric Native Peoples"
Robert L. Brooks, "Precontact Agriculture"

Research Center Resources

Mary J. Adair, Prehistoric Agriculture in the Central Plains (The Department of Anthropology, University of Kansas, 1988)
Norman Arthur Graebner, "Pioneer Indian Agriculture in Oklahoma," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 23 (Autumn 1945)
Douglas Hurt, Indian Agriculture in America: Prehistory to the Present (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, c. 1987)

Additional Resources

"The Founding of Virginia," A North Carolina History Online Resource (ANCHOR)
"American Indian culture of the Northeast," Khan Academy
"Three Worlds, Three Views: Culture and Environmental Change in the Colonial South," TeacherServe




5.2.6: Explain that tribal sovereignty is a tribal nation's inherent right to self-govern.

Oklahoma History Center Education Resources

History Alive! Living History
American Indian Tribes of Oklahoma in the Modern Era

E-Exhibit
American Indians in Oklahoma

Teacher Resources
Tribal Sovereignty Overview

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

Kaye Tatro, "Curtis Act (1898)"
Rennard Strickland, "Cherokee (tribe)"
Kent Carter, "Dawes Commission"
Clara Sue Kidwell, "Allotment"
William D. Pennington, "Reconstruction Treaties"

Research Center Resources

H. Glenn Jordan and Thomas M. Holm, Indian Leaders: Oklahoma's First Statesmen (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1979)
Vine Deloria, The Nations Within: The Past and Future of American Indian Sovereignty (New York: Pantheon Books, 1984)
Loretta Fowler, Tribal Sovereignty and the Historical Imagination: Cheyenne-Arapaho Politics (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2002)
National Congress of American Indians, "Spirit, Sovereignty, Survival," National Congress of American Indians, report of the 38th Annual Convention, October 11–16, 1981, Anchorage, Alaska (Washington, DC: National Congress of American Indians, 1981)
John R. Wunder, Native American Sovereignty (New York: Garland Publishing, 1999)

Online Primary Sources

"Tribal Leaders Directory," Bureau of Indian Affairs

Additional Resources

"Tribal Sovereignty," Pauma Band of Luiseño Indians
"Tribal Governance," National Congress of American Indians




5.2.7: Compare daily life in the colonies as experienced by different social classes, plantation owners, farmers, merchants, craftsmen, artisans, and women and children.

Oklahoma History Center Education Resources

History Alive! Living History
Revolutionary War Soldier
Colonial Dance

Traveling Trunks
Colonial Life
Colonial Agriculture
Continental Soldier
Colonial Games
Colonial Music
Fur Trade in Oklahoma

Additional Resources

"Lesson Plans," George Washington's Mount Vernon
"Videos: Daily Life," George Washington’s Mount Vernon
"A Day in the Life," Colonial Williamsburg Education
"Dance, Our Dearest Diversion," The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Teacher Institute
"Matthew Ashby, A Williamsburg Resident," The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Teacher Institute
"Women in the Trades Map," The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Teacher Institute




5.4.4: Describe the relationship between the federal government and sovereign American Indian nations, as established under the Constitution of the United States.

Oklahoma History Center Education Resources

E-Exhibit
American Indians in Oklahoma

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

Donald Fixico, "American Indians"
Josh Clough, "American Indian Movement"
Kaye Tatro, "Curtis Act (1898)"
Kent Carter, "Dawes Commission"
William D. Pennington, "Reconstruction Treaties"
Clara Sue Kidwell, "Allotment"
Jethro Gaede, "Termination and Relocation Programs"
Brian F. Rader, "Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act"

Research Center Resources

Arrell Morgan Gibson, Between Two Worlds: The Survival of Twentieth Century Indians (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1986)
James S. Olson, ed., Encyclopedia of American Indian Civil Rights (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1997)
David E. Wilkins and K. Tsianina Lomawaima, Uneven Ground: American Indian Sovereignty and Federal Law (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press)
Jill Norgren, The Cherokee Cases: Two Landmark Federal Decisions in the Fight for Sovereignty (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2004)
Oren Lyons, et al., Exiled in the Land of the Free: Democracy, Indian Nations, and the U.S. Constitution (Santa Fe: Clear Light Publishers, 1992)
Lawrence C. Kelly, Federal Indian Policy (New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1990)

Online Primary Sources

Johnson and Graham's Lessee v. McIntosh, DocsTeach
"Judgment in Cherokee Nation v. Georgia," DocsTeach
"Notice of the Supreme Court's Opinion in Worcester v. Georgia," DocsTeach
"Act of June 18, 1934, Public Law 73-383, 48 STAT 984," DocsTeach
"The Dawes Act or General Allotment Act of 1887, U.S. Statutes at Large 24:388-91," Our Documents

Additional Resources

"An Issue of Sovereignty," National Conference of State Legislature
"Indian Resources Timeline," The United States Department of Justice
"The Navajo Treaty of 1868: Why Was the Navajo Journey Home So Remarkable?" Native Knowledge 360°, National Museum of the American Indian
"Maps of Indian Territory, the Dawes Act, and Will Rogers' Enrollment Case File," Educator Resources, National Archives