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Cows and Cowhands


“I’m a Black Cowboy. This is My Story. Op-Docs,” The New York Times

“Black Cowboys: Creole Trail Rides Showcase Growing Culture,” The Christian Science Monitor

“Black Cowboys Saddle Up,” CBS Morning News

“The Life of an African American Rodeo Cowgirl,” VOA News

“A Mexican Pastime Takes Root in the U.S.,” NBC Latino NBC News

“Why These Mexican American Women are crossing the Border into Mexico,” Refinery29

Escaramuza Charra Dancing Horses,” KrisatWow

“The Rules of Cowboy Cooking,” CBS Morning News

“The Ranch Life,” National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum

“The Last American Rodeos (Part 1 of 2),” VICE

“Swift Current: A Native American Cowboy,” SFO Museum

“Sonya Dodginghorse 2019 INFR Barrel Racing Champion,” Sonya Dodginghorse



Abbot, E. C. We Pointed Them North: Recollections of a Cowpuncher. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1955.

Adams, Andy. The Log of a Cowboy. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1964.

Ainsworth, Kyle. “Field Hands, Cowboys, and runaways: Enslaved People on Horseback in Texas’s Planter-Herder Economy, 1835–1865.” The Journal of Southern History (Vol. 86, No. 3, August 2020).

Bailey, Jack. A Texas Cowboy's Journal: Up the Trail to Kansas in 1868. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2006.

“Campfire Stories: Vaqueros” Bullock Museum. https://www.thestoryoftexas.com/discover/campfire-stories/vaqueros.

Collings, Ellsworth and Alma Miller England. The 101 Ranch. Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1937, 1971.

Collins, Hubert E. Storm and Stampede on the Chisholm. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1998.

Dary, David. Cowboy Culture: A Saga of Five Centuries. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1981, 1989.

Dary, David. Seeking Pleasure in the Old West. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995.

Davis, William C. The American Frontier: Pioneers, Settlers & Cowboys, 1800–1899. New York: Smith Mark Publishers, 1992.

Dykstra, Robert R. The Cattle Towns. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press.

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, https://www.okhistory.org/publications/encyclopediaonline.

Forbis, William H. and the editors of Time-Life Books. The Old West: The Cowboys. New York: Time-Life Books, 1973.

Gard, Wayne. The Chisholm Trail. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1954.

Gibson, A. M., ed. “From the Brazos to the North Fork,” Part I. The Chronicles of Oklahoma, Vol. 40, Summer 1962.

Gibson, A. M., ed. “From the Brazos to the North Fork,” Part II. The Chronicles of Oklahoma, Vol. 40, Fall 1962.

Green, Donald E. Panhandle Pioneer: Henry Hitch, His Ranch, and His Family. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1979.

Hancock, Richard H. “William Box Hancock: Trail Driver and Cattleman.” The Chronicles of Oklahoma, Vol. LXXVI, Number 4, Winter 1998–99.

Hardaway, Roger. “African American Cowboys on the Western Frontier.” Negro History Bulletin (Vol. 64, 2001).

Herrera, Allison. “The Quapaw Tribe Hopes a Cattle Slaughterhouse will Provide Jobs in Rural Oklahoma.” The World, January 31, 2018. https://www.pri.org/stories/2018-01-31/quapaw-tribe-hopes-cattle-slaughterhouse-will-provide-jobs-rural-oklahoma.

“The History of the Vaquero,” American Cowboy. https://www.americancowboy.com/ranch-life-archive/history-vaquero.

Hoover, Elizabeth M. “Ponca Agricultural Program, Ponca City OK.” From Garden Warriors to Good Seeds: Indigenizing the Local Food Movement, June 13, 2014. https://gardenwarriorsgoodseeds.com/2014/06/13/ponca-agricultural-program-ponca-city-ok/.

Hoy, Jim.“Cattle Industry,” The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=CA077.

Hughes, Stella. Bacon & Beans: Ranch-Country Recipes. Colorado Springs: Western Horseman Inc., 1990.

Iverson, Peter. When Indians Became Cowboys: Native Peoples and Cattle Ranching in the American West. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1994.

Kelley, Leo, ed. "Up the Trail in '76: The Journal of Lewis Warren Neatherlin." The Chronicles of Oklahoma, Vol. LXVI, Number 1, Spring 1988.

Knapp, Francky. “How Black Cowboys Built the American West: A Living History.” Messy Nessy, June 5, 2020.

Maxwell, Zach. “Choctaw Nation Expanding Economic Footprint with Ranch Acquisitions.” Choctaw Nation. https://www.choctawnation.com/news-events/press-media/choctaw-nation-expanding-economic-footprint-ranch-acquisitions.

National Park Service, http://www.nps.gov.

Nodhimbadem, Katie. “The Lesser-Known History of African American Cowboys.” Smithsonian Magazine, February 13, 2012. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/lesser-known-history-african-american-cowboys-180962144/.

Library of Congress, http://www.loc.gov.

Pennington, William D. “Reconstruction Treaties,” The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=RE001.

Porter, Kenneth O. “African Americans in the Cattle Industry, 1860s–1880s.” Peoples of Color in the American West, ed. Sucheng Chan, Douglas Henry Daniels, Mario T. Garcia, Terry P. Wilson (Massachusetts: D.C. Heath, 1994).

Rattenbury, Richard C. Packing Iron: Gunleather of the Frontier West. Santa Fe: Zon International Publishing Company, 1993.

Rollins, Philip Ashton. The Cowboy. Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997.

Sands, K. M. Charreria Mexicana: An Equestrian Folk Tradition, Tucson, AZ. University of Arizona Press, 1993.

Savage, William W. The Cherokee Strip Live Stock Association. Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990.

Slatta, R. W. Comparing Cowboys & Frontiers, Norman, Ok.: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997.

St. Jean, Wendy. "'You Have the Land. I Have the Cattle.'" The Chronicles of Oklahoma, Vol. LXXVIII, Number 2, Summer 2000.

Tanner, Ogden and the editors of Time-Life Books. The Old West: The Ranches. Alexandria, Virginia: Time-Life Books, 1977.

Trimble, Marshall, “A Day in the Life of a Chuck Wagon Cook.” True West, December 18, 2019. https://truewestmagazine.com/a-day-in-the-life-of-a-chuck-wagon-cook/.

Skaggs, Jimmy M., ed., Ranch and Range in Oklahoma (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1983), The Gateway to Oklahoma History.

“2007 Census of Agriculture: Black Farmers.” USDA. https://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/AgCensus/2007/Online_Highlights/Fact_Sheets/Demographics/black.pdf.