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Baptist Mission
Adair County
Location: junction of US H62 and SH59, 1/2 mile west of Westville
The present-day white frame building contains some of the original timbers of the log church built in 1839. Reverend James Bushyhead, the first supreme court judge of the Cherokee Nation, established the mission which the Cherokees called Bread Town. The Cherokee Messenger, a religious publication, was printed at the mission beginning in 1844. Bacone College at Muskogee is an outgrowth of the school begun at Baptist Mission.

Fairfield Mission
Adair County
Location: at junction of OK-100 and US-59 on south edge of Stilwell
The mission building, completed in 1829 by Dr. Marcus Palmer, a missionary to the Cherokees, stood in a grove of large trees a few hundred feet east of the cemetery now known as McLemore Cemetery. Noted missionaries and teachers at the mission included Elizur Butler, Charles C. Torrey, Clarissa Palmer, Lucy Butler, and Esther Smith. A circulation library, possibly the state's first, was established at the mission in 1832.

Fort Wayne
Adair County
Location: on US-59 on south edge of Watts
Established in 1839, the army fort was named in honor of General "Mad" Anthony Wayne. The fort was abandoned in May 1842. During the Civil War, in July 1861, Colonel Stand Watie used the fort as a Confederate post and organized the Cherokee Mounted Rifles. The fort was captured by Union forces in the Battle of Fort Wayne on October 22, 1862.

Robert Rogers
Adair County
Location: three miles north of the junction of US-59 and OK-62
Robert Rogers, father of Clem Vann Rogers and grandfather of Will Rogers, was born in Georgia on July 16, 1815. He and his wife, Sally Vann, moved to Indian Territory before the removal of the Five Tribes from the southeastern United States. Robert Rogers was a signer of the removal Treaty of New Echota. He died on July 4, 1842.

Starr Springs
Adair County
Location: at junction of OK-100 and US-59 on south edge of Stilwell
Starr Springs was the head of Sallisaw Creek, a source of water for Stilwell since 1910. The area was the site of the 1853 murder of Andrew Adair and his son, George W. Adair, because of their support for Cherokee removal. The spring was named for George Harlan Starr, a prominent Cherokee, who purchased the site in 1867. The marker is a tribute to D.M. "Mack" Starr, respected and knowledgeable Cherokee historian, who died in 1995.

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