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Brooksville

Pottawatomie County
Location: in community of Brooksville
Topics: Ethnic Diversity, Urban Development, Territorial Period 1861–1907, Early Statehood 1907–1941, Settlement Patterns, Land Openings

Brooksville is one of thirteen All-Black towns, out of more than fifty that once existed, remaining in Oklahoma. While Tullahassee is reportedly the oldest, most were established between 1889 and 1907 as African Americans sought security and control of their own destiny in a segregated world. Most of the towns began to decline in the 1920s and 1930s as rural African Americans faced economic hardships and began to move to urban areas. Brooksville had a post office from 1909 to 1955 and is named for the first postmaster, Alfred H. Brooks.



Centennial Monument

Pottawatomie County
Location: near grounds of Santa Fe Museum on East Main Street in Shawnee
Coordinates: 35.327594, -96.916127
Sponsored by: Oklahoma Centennial Commission
Material: SC/TN/ES/IL/MN
Topics: Social/Culture, Transportation, Early Statehood 1907–1941, Industrial 1941–1982, Modern 1982 to present

Honoring the State of Oklahoma and Pottawatomie County Centennial Organizations, 1907–2007. Includes two other markers: one commemorating the dedication of Centennial Park (September 22, 1991), and one commemorating the centennial of the Santa Fe Depot (May 7, 2004).



Home on the Range

Pottawatomie County
Location: on OK-18 in Fairview Cemetery in Shawnee
Coordinates: 35.343130, -96.911991
Sponsored by: Oklahoma Historical Society and Oklahoma Department of Transportation
Material: Aluminum
Topics: Arts, Social/Cultural, Territorial Period 1861–1907, Early Statehood 1907–1941

Dr. Brewster Higley died in Shawnee in 1911, several years before his song, "Home on the Range," was declared an American frontier ballad. The words to the song were first printed in a newspaper in 1873. Dr. Higley never saw a printed copy of the song or received a penny's royalty.



Jesse Chisholm Trading Post and Spring

Pottawatomie County
Location: On OK-39, two miles east of Asher
Coordinates: 34.985850, -96.887380
Sponsored by: Carrie Boggs and Pottawatomie County Historical Society
Material: Stone
Topics: Westward Expansion 1803–1861, American Indians, American Indian and Frontier Trade

This marker placed by the Pottawatomie County Historical Society Oct. 1938 marks the near site of the Jesse Chisholm Trading Post and Spring of territorial fame.



Jim Thorpe Birthplace No. 2

Pottawatomie County
Location: approx. 6 miles southwest of Prague and approx. 5 miles south of US 62 on NS Rd 3510
Coordinates: 35.421941, -96.753523
Sponsored by: BancFirst of Prague and the Oklahoma Historical Society
Material: Granite
Topics: American Indians, Social/Cultural, Recreational/Service, Early Statehood 1907–1941

James Francis Thorpe, a Sac and Fox, was born as Wa-tho-huck or "bright path." He dominated the 1912 Olympics, winning both the decathlon and pentathlon events. He played major league baseball and professional football. He was the first president of the National Football League and is a member of Professional Football Hall of Fame. The Associated Press voted him the world's greatest male athlete of the first half of the twentieth century.



Keokuk Falls

Pottawatomie County
Location: on OK-99 north of North Canadian River
Note: Marker reported missing
Topics: American Indians, Territorial Period 1861–1907, Settlement Patterns, Urban Development, Social/Cultural

After the land run into the Sac and Fox Reservation on September 22, 1891, the Keokuk Falls town site became an important settlement in Indian Territory. The boomtown boasted two distilleries and many saloons.



Leroy Gordon Cooper

Pottawatomie County
Location: on Hy 177 north of Shawnee and Tecumseh
Note: Presumed missing
Topics: Military, Recreational/Service, Industry/Business, Industrial Period 1841–1892

Leroy Cooper was one of the first seven American astronauts named in 1959. He flew one of the early missions into space aboard Faith 7 in 1963. His 22 orbits around the earth became the longest space flight at that time in history. Cooper died in 2004.



Louise Fluke Memorial

Pottawatomie County
Location: on grounds of Pottawatomie County Museum on East Main Street in Shawnee
Coordinates: 35.327583, -96.916033
Sponsored by: Wunagisa Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution
Material: Granite
Topics: Arts, Government, Social/Cultural, Recreational/Service, Folklife

Louise Funk Fluke (1900–1986), designer of the State Flag of Oklahoma, was born in Arkansas and raised in Shawnee. She entered the winning flag design in a statewide contest in 1925 through the Wunagisa Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution. She is buried at Fairview Cemetery.



Sacred Heart Mission

Pottawatomie County
Location: on OK-39, six miles east of Asher
Sponsored by: Oklahoma Historical Society and the Oklahoma Department of Transportation
Material: Aluminum
Note: No longer extant
Topics: American Indians, Religion/Philosophy, Education, Territorial Period 1861–1907

Founded in 1876 by Father Isidore Robot on Potawatomi Indian lands, the mission served both the educational and spiritual needs of the Native Americans in the region. The educational work was eventually transferred to St. Gregory's College in Shawnee.



Sacred Heart Mission

Pottawatomie County
Location: at Sacred Heart Catholic Church, six miles east of Asher
Coordinates: 34.999126, -96.810716
Material: Granite
Topics: American Indians, Religion/Philosophy, Education, Territorial Period 1861–1907, Early Statehood 1907–1941

Site west in valley at foot of this hill founded 1876 by Rt. Rev. Isidore Robot, a Benedictine monk from the abbey of La Pierre. Sacred Heart Monastery and Abbey, 1877-1929. Headquarters of Catholic Church in Indian and Oklahoma territories, 1877-1891. St. Benedict Industrial School for Indians, 1877-1901. Sacred Heart College 1883-1927. Predecessor of St. Gregory's Abbey and College, Shawnee, Oklahoma.



Shawnee Milling Company

Pottawatomie County
Location: two miles south of Shawnee on OK-18 near old Shawnee Friends Mission Church
Coordinates: 35.293700, -96.925967
Sponsored by: Shawnee Milling Company and the Oklahoma Historical Society
Material: Aluminum
Topics: Industry/Business, Territorial Period 1861–1907, Early Statehood 1907–1941, Agriculture

Founded in 1891, the mill moved to its present site at 201 South Broadway in 1895. J. Lloyd Ford purchased the mill in 1906 and was a leader in flour milling in the state for a half century. The mill burned in 1934 but was rebuilt the following year.



Shawnee Mission

Pottawatomie County
Location: two miles south of Shawnee on OK-18 near old Shawnee Friends Mission Church
Coordinates: 35.293700, -96.925967
Sponsored by: Oklahoma Historical Society and the Oklahoma Department of Transportation
Material: Aluminum
Topics: Religion/Philosophy, Education, American Indians

The Society of Friends founded this mission in 1871 for the Absentee Shawnee Indians. The original log cabin was replaced in 1885. The school closed in 1924 but the property was transferred to the Pottawatomie County Historical Society in 1936.



Stubblefield Chapel

Pottawatomie County
Location: on campus of Oklahoma Baptist University in Shawnee (OBHC)
Sponsored by: Baptist General Convention of Oklahoma
Material: Aluminum
Note: Destroyed by tornado and removed (2023)
Topics: Religion/Philosophy, Territorial Period 1861–1907, Early Statehood 1907–1941

Cortez Stubblefield (1848–1930) was a Baptist pastor and denominational statesman. The building, originally located at 207 North Union Avenue, was moved to its present location in 1963. The Baptist General Convention of Indian Territory, antecedent to the present Baptist General Convention of Oklahoma, held its final meeting in the building in 1906.



Washington Irving

Pottawatomie County
Location: on grounds of Santa Fe Museum on East Main Street in Shawnee (DAR)
Sponsored by: Daughters of the American Revolution
Topics: Arts, Westward Expansion 1803–1861

Writer Washington Irving camped near here on his tour of the prairies in 1832.



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To find out more about the Oklahoma Historical Society Historical Marker Program or how to submit an application, please visit the Historical Marker Program page.

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Contact Us

If you have questions, please contact:
Matthew Pearce
Oklahoma Historical Society
800 Nazih Zuhdi Drive
Oklahoma City, OK 73105
405-522-8659
matthew.pearce@history.ok.gov