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Battle of Chusto-Talasah

Tulsa County
Location: on OK-11 at 86th Street North in Tulsa
Topics: Military, American Indians, Territorial Period 1861–1907, Government

This battle was the second in a series of three engagements between pro-Northern Indians led by Opothleyahola and a combined white and Indian Confederate force on December 9, 1861, on Bird Creek.

Battle of Round Mountain

Tulsa County
Location: at junction of OK-51 and Old Dawson Road south of old Keystone
Topics: Military, Territorial Period 1861–1907, Government

The first Civil War battle in Oklahoma was fought here on November 19, 1861, between Confederate troops led by Colonel Douglas H. Cooper and Union forces led by Creek Chief Opothleyahola. The Southerners prevailed and occupied the Confederate encampment nearby. Some scholars believe this battle occurred in Payne County.

Booker T. Washington High School

Tulsa County
Location: on south edge of OSU-Tulsa campus
Material: Granite
Topics: Education, Ethnic Diversity, Civil Rights, Early Statehood 1907–1941

The original school for African American students in Tulsa was a four-room wood building constructed in 1913. In 1919, a brick building was built on the same site and was one of the few structures to survive the 1921 Race Riot. The school moved to its present site in 1950.

Creek Council Oak

Tulsa County
Location: southwest corner of West 15th Street and South Cheyenne Avenue in Tulsa
Coordinates: 36.140502, -95.989655
Sponsored by: Tulsa County Historical Society
Material: Aluminum
Note: Marker is no longer extant
Topics: American Indians, Government,Social/Cultural, Westward Expansion 1803–1861

4 blocks south on the north side of 18th St. stands a great oak, focal point of the old Creek Ceremonial Grounds. Here, overlooking the Arkansas, in 1828, the Indians deposited ashes from their Alabama ancestral home, kindled a fire to begin anew in the west, thus founding present-day Tulsa.

First Gas Processing Plant West of the Mississippi

Tulsa County
Location: east side of US-75, 300 feet south of 141st Street in Tulsa
Material: Granite
Topics: Industry/Business, Petroleum, Natural Resources, Transportation, Early Statehood 1907–1941

The beginning of Oklahoma's famous oil boom brought the need for processing facilities located near the source of the raw material. Kiefer, Oklahoma, the closest unloading point on the Frisco Railroad to the newly opened oil fields, was the site selected for the first casing-head gas-treating plant which extracted gasoline from wet gas, west of the Mississippi River. The location of the plant in this region was a tremendous boost to the infant, but thriving oil industry in Oklahoma.

First Hospital, Tulsa County

Tulsa County
Location: on West Eleventh Street, between Jackson and Lawton streets, in Tulsa
Topics: Social/Cultural, Recreational/Service, Territorial Period 1861–1907

The site is two blocks north. Tulsa's first chartered Hospital and Training School for Nurses was organized on November 20, 1906. It was headed by Fred S. Clinton, M.D., president; C. L. Reeder, M.D., secretary; C. Z. Wiley, M.D., treasurer; and H. C. C. Ziegler, R.N., superintendent of nurses. It safeguarded health in a wide area of Indian Territory.

First Oil Well, Tulsa County

Tulsa County
Location: on 66 at the north side of Red Fork
Topics: American Indians, Settlement Patterns, Petroleum, Natural Resources, Industrial Period 1841–1892

This well about a half-mile west of the marker was on the Creek allotment of Dr. Bland's wife and was in production with oil royalties, paying the Bland heirs until the well was closed down around 1952.

Fort Arbuckle

Tulsa County
Location: in Brush Creek Park near Sand Springs
Sponsored by: Tulsa County Historical Society
Topics: Military, American Indians, Westward Expansion 1803–1861

The site of Fort Arbuckle is less than one mile north. One of the two US military posts on the western frontier of the Creek Nation, this "first" Fort Arbuckle in Indian Territory was built in 1834 by troops of the 7th Infantry with Major George Birch in command. The stockade buildings were garrisoned only a few months.

Glenn Pool World's Great Oil Pool

Tulsa County
Location: at the town of Glenpool, Tulsa County on the east side of US-75 at junction with SH-67.
Topics: Territorial Period 1861–1907, Petroleum, Industry/Business, Natural Resources

Glenn Pool opened on November 22, 1905. About one-half mile northwest of this point, Robert Galbreath and Frank Chesley brought in the Ida E. Glenn No. 1 Oil Well. This began the great growth of the oil industry in the city of Tulsa and the state of Oklahoma.

Hillside Mission

Tulsa County
Location: on OK-11, four miles north of Skiatook
Material: Aluminum
Topics: Religion/Philosophy, Social/Cultural, American Indians, Environmental/Cultural Ecology, Territorial Period 1861–1907

Reverend John Murdock established the Hillside Mission school in 1882 under the auspices of the Society of Friends. A nearby cemetery contains the grave of William C. Rogers, the last elected principal chief of the Cherokees prior to statehood.

Holmes Peak

Tulsa County
Location: on Keystone Expressway (US-64) at the intersection of 45th West Avenue in Tulsa
Topics: Religion/Philosophy, Social/Cultural, American Indians, Environmental/Cultural Ecology, Territorial Period 1861–1907

Holmes Peak is the only geographical feature on Earth officially named by a government in honor of Sherlock Holmes. The US Board on Geographic Names approved the name on October 24, 1984. Another officially named geographic feature to honor Holmes is a crater on the Moon named by Astronaut Harrison Schmidt on the Apollo 17 Moon Landing.

Indian Memorial

Tulsa County
Location: at entrance of Owen Park on West Edison Street in Tulsa (DAR)
Sponsored by: Daughters of the American Revolution
Topics: Government, American Indians

This is the spot where the Creek, Cherokee, and Osage national boundaries joined.

International Petroleum Exposition

Tulsa County
Location: on Tulsa State Fair Grounds
Material: Granite
Topics: Arts, Petroleum, Urban Development, Folklife, Natural Resources, Early Statehood 1907–1941

The huge Golden Driller honors the founding of the international showcase of the oil industry. During Tulsa's heyday as "Oil capital of the world," the annual exposition drew oil field exhibitors from around the world.

Katy Railroad Depot

Tulsa County
Location: On south Main Street in Broken Arrow
Coordinates: 36.048503, -95.790847
Material: Granite
Topics: Transportation

Construction began on the 24 x 50 foot depot on May 13, 1903. It was of wood set on timber pilings with a red tin roof. It jutted onto Main Street to allow a good view of the town. Grain elevators and cotton gins sprang up south of the tracks with a stockyard to the east. In 1988 the old depot was moved to Discoveryland. (BA. 100 yr. history, pg 63_ Broken Arrow Centennial 2002.

Mt. Zion Baptist Church

Tulsa County
Location: 419 North Elgin Avenue, Tulsa
Topics: Religion/Philosophy

Mt. Zion Baptist Church was organized in 1909 in a one-room frame school building located in the 300 block of North Hartford under the Revered Sandy Lyons. Church Founders included Mr. Aaron Ellis, Mrs. Kate Bell Baldridge, Reverend Alexander Brown, Mrs. Georgia Brown, Mrs. Cornelia Dallas, Mrs. Mary A. Grayson, Mrs. Hannah Hale, Mr. Jim Hale, Mrs. Ella Bell Johnson, Mrs. Caroline Lollis, Mrs. Ella Suggs, Mrs. Ida Rector, Mrs. Jeanette E. Webb and Mrs. Nellie Brown Wharton. Soon after Reverend R.A. Whitaker assumed the pulpit at Mt. Zion, the congregation was forced to move from the school building with only three days notice. Hardships, discouragement and disappointment would not deter the congregation and a permanent church home was erected at 419 North Elgin.The first service was held in the new $92,000 church on April 4, 1921. Nearly one month later, the imposing structure of Mount Zion was reduced to ashes during the Tulsa Race Riot on June 1, 1921. It took twenty-one years, until November 23, 1942, for the original mortgage of $50,000 to be retired. Reverend J. H. Dotson immediately started a Building Fund for a new church. W. S. and J. C. Latimer were architects and members of Mount Zion. Graduating from Booker T. Washington's famed Tuskegee Institute, the two brothers completed the drawings and plans for the new church. Bit by bit, Mt. Zion's members paid for rebuilding the basement of the old church and a new church. On Sunday, October 21, 1952, dedication services were held in "The Church That Faith Built." Nearly one year later, Rev. Dotson's health began to fail and the Reverend G. Calvin McCutchen accepted the leadership of Mt. Zion. Dr. McCutchen, serving longer than any other pastor, led the church in paying off the mortgage of the church. Under his leadership numerous improvements have been made including a nursery, the J. H. Dotson Memorial Scholarship Fund was established for Mt. Zion college students, and the addition of a multi-purpose facility known as the Family Life Center. The Center was renamed to the G. Calvin McCutchen Sr. Family Life Center in honor of Dr. McCutchen in 1998.

Oil Capital of the World

Tulsa County
Location: in Municipal Plaza in downtown Tulsa
Material: Granite

Tulsa has long been known as the Oil Capital of the World and the City That Oil Built. The rise of Tulsa to a place of preeminence in the petroleum industry began on June 25, 1901, when a well was brought in at Red Fork across the Arkansas River to the southwest. Tulsa leaders caused a bridge to be built between the two points and national publicity focused attention on Tulsa as a center of a new oil region. "When a major oil strike took place at the nearby Glenn Pool on Nov. 22, 1905, the production of oil in the area became so great that the term "Oil Capital of the World" was universally applied to Tulsa. Other fields were discovered and developed in adjacent areas to a point where, for a time, it was the largest oil producing center on earth. Tulsa remained in the forefront of exploration and development, financing, equipment manufacturing and provided skills and executive direction for a growing worldwide industry–hence it continued to hold the title: Oil Capital of the World.

Pleasant Porter

Tulsa County
Location: on US-64, at village of Leonard, about nine miles east of Bixby, Tulsa County
Topics: American Indians, Military, Government, Territorial Period 1861–1907, Religion/Philosophy

The home and grave near here are of the noted Creek leader, Pleasant Porter (1840–1907). Lt. Creek Reg. Mtd. Vols., Confederate Army; Porter was superintendent of schools in the Creek Nation, 1871; Captain of the lighthorsemen in the "Green Peach War," 1883; a delegate to Washington; president of the Sequoyah Statehood Convention, 1905; and Principal Chief of the Creek Nation, 1899-1907. His home was near the location of Woalaka Mission founded in 1881.

Tulsa Commercial Airport Runway

Tulsa County
Location: 6060 American Plaza in Tulsa
Topics: Transportation

This street was the original runway for the Tulsa Commercial Airport (subsequently named Cherokee Airpark). During the 1930s aviation in Tulsa included multiple airfields which were converted to residential neighborhoods as Tulsa grew. Tulsa Commercial Airport operated until the mid-1950s. The road you are viewing was the main runway, and a second runway extended northwest from this location.

Washington Irving's Camp

Tulsa County
Location: at West Easton Avenue and North Vancouver Street in Tulsa
Topics: Arts, Westward Expansion 1803–1861, Transportation

Washington Irving traveled through Tulsa County in 1832 during his tour of the prairies.

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Matthew Pearce
Oklahoma Historical Society
800 Nazih Zuhdi Drive
Oklahoma City, OK 73105