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48 Milepost Old State Line

Le Flore County
Location: on OK-1 just west of Arkansas border
Topics: Transportation, Military, Westward Expansion 1803–1861, Territorial Period 1861–1907

This site was forty-eight miles from Fort Smith on the military road that ran south to Texas.

Battle of Backbone Mountain

Le Flore County
Location: on OK-112, one mile north of OK-120
Topics: Military, Territorial Period 1861–1907, American Indians

Union forces, led by Major General James G. Blunt, and Confederate troops, commanded by Brigadier General William L. Cabell, skirmished here in September of 1863. On July 27, 1864, a Choctaw battalion under the command of Captain Jackson McCurtain defeated federal troops nearby.

Butterfield Overland Mail Route

Le Flore County
Location: on US-271, south bank of Coal Creek, about 1/2 mile south of junction of US-271 and SHY31
Material: Aluminum
Topics: Transportation

Chief Mosholatubbee

Le Flore County
Location: in Hall Cemetery south of Cameron on Raymond Adams Road
Material: Granite
Topics: American Indians, Settlement Patterns, GP, Westward Expansion 1803–1861

Chief Mosholatubbee was one of three Choctaw chiefs who signed early treaties with the United States, including the 1830 Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, which provided for the removal of the Choctaws to Indian Territory. He moved with his people to a new home off the Fort Towson Road, north of Sugar Loaf Mountain, and died August 3, 1838. In his honor, the Choctaw Nation region from the Arkansas River to the Winding Stair Mountains was called Mosholatubbee District.

Choctaw Agency

Le Flore County
Location: on US-271 east of Spiro
Topics: American Indians, Government, Westward Expansion 1803–1861

The first building to house Choctaw Indian agents at this location was completed in 1832. The village later was known as Skullyville where a new Choctaw constitution was adopted at a convention in 1857.

First Military Road

Le Flore County
Location: on US-271 on Whinding Stair Mountain about eight miles northeast of Talihina
Material: Granite
Topics: Transportation, Indian and Frontier Trade, Mass Communication, Government, Military, Territorial Period 1861–1907

Here, between 1874 and 1890, supply wagons, a daily stagecoach and the US mail moved over this earliest-known trail from Dodge City, Kansas, to Fort Elliott, Texas. The fort, first known as Cantonment on Sweetwater was established after the Kiowa, Comanche, and Cheyenne attack on Adobe Walls in June of 1874.

Fort Coffee

Le Flore County
Location: on US-271 east of Spiro
Material: Aluminum
Topics: Military, Westward Expansion 1803–1861, American Indians, Education

Named in honor of General John Coffee of Tennessee, Fort Coffee was established by the 7th Infantry on June 16, 1834, on the southern bank of the Arkansas River. Because of relative peace in the area, the fort was abandoned four years later. In 1842, the Choctaw Council established the Fort Coffee Academy for boys. Confederate forces used the barracks during the Civil War. However, Federal troops overran the post in October of 1863 and burned the main buildings.

Fort Smith/Fort Towson Military Road

Le Flore County
Location: on OK-1 east of US-271 junction
Material: Aluminum
Topics: Transportation, Military, Westward Expansion 1803–1861, Indian and Frontier Trade, Settlement Patterns

Over rugged terrain and through raging streams, Colonel Robert Bean blazed this frontier road which was constructed by Captain John Stuart in 1832. It was used to carry supplies and emigrants from Fort Smith to Fort Towson.

John F. Kennedy Memorial

Le Flore County
Location: in Big Cedar
Material: Granite
Topics: Government, Social/Cultural, Folklife

This monument, commemorating the visit of President John F. Kennedy to Big Cedar, was erected under the auspices of the Knights of Columbus, who deeded shaft and land to the Oklahoma Historical Society on October 30, 1966.

Kiamichi Baptist Assembly

Le Flore County
Location: three miles north of Talihina (OBHC)
Topics: Religion/Philosophy, Recreational/Service, Industrial Period 1841–1892

Commemorates the founding of a campground and the Latimer Baptist Association in July 1941.

New Hope Academy

Le Flore County
Material: Granite
Topics: Education

Peter Conser House

Le Flore County
Location: on US-59, four miles south and three miles west of Heavener
Topics: Government, American Indians, Family/Household

Peter Conser was a leader of the Choctaw Lighthorsemen and also served as a senator in the Choctaw Legislature. His home is restored to show life in the Choctaw Nation before statehood.

Reverend John Page

Le Flore County
Location: on OK-112 south of Pocola
Material: Granite
Topics: Religion/Philosophy, Transportation, American Indians, Government, Recreational/Service

A well-known missionary/circuit minister for the Southern Methodist Church, Page sometimes served as an interpreter in the Choctaw Nation. He was a Choctaw representative to the meeting that resulted in the Reconstruction Treaty of 1866. He was treasurer of the Choctaw Council and a judge on the supreme court of the Choctaw Nation.

Reverend Willis F. Folsom

Le Flore County
Location: on OK-112 south of Pocola
Material: Granite
Topics: American Indians, Religion/Philosophy, Westward Expansion 1803–1861

Reverend Folsom, a Choctaw, was born in Mississippi and removed with his family to Indian Territory in the 1830s. After being educated, he served as an interpreter for white missionaries among the Choctaws and was ordained a deacon in the Methodist Episcopal Church South. He was a great frontier preacher whose influence was widespread among both whites and Choctaws.

Reynolds Castle

Le Flore County
Location: at intersection of OK-112 and old OK-112
Topics: Military, Family/Household, Government, Territorial Period 1861–1907

J.E. Reynolds was a Confederate veteran and pioneer rancher and merchant. His "castle" was built of stone, complete with turrets and two-foot thick walls. Reynolds was a delegate to the Sequoyah Convention, an attempt to create a separate Indian state of the Union.


Le Flore County
Location: 3/4 mile north of US-270 on black top road 1.6 miles east of Main Street in Spiro
Material: Granite

Spiro Mounds

Le Flore County
Location: at the Spiro Mounds Archaeological Center
Material: Granite
Topics: Pre-European Contact before 1541 AD, American Indians, Settlement Patterns

Walker's Station

Le Flore County
Location: at site of Old Choctaw Agnecy, about one and a half miles northeast of Spiro
Material: Granite
Topics: Transportation, Government, Mass Communication, Westward Expansion 1803–1861

Here was located a stage stand of the Butterfield Overland Mail Route, created under an Act of Congress on March 3, 1857. The first mail stage arrived here in September 1858, enroute to San Francisco. Service continued until the outbreak of the War Between the States.

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800 Nazih Zuhdi Drive
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