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Historical Marker Program

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Bloomfield Academy

Bryan County
Location: on OK-299, one and a half miles south of Achille
Topics: American Indians, Religion/Philosophy, Government, Westward Expansion 1803–1861, Education

Bloomfield Academy, a seminary for Chickasaw girls, was established in 1853 by authority of the Methodist Missionary Board. The school was located on two different sites in Bryan County before it was moved to Ardmore in 1917. There it was renamed Carter Seminary in honor of Congressman Charles D. Carter.

Chahte Tamaha

Bryan County
Location: on US-70 at the eastern city limits of Bokchito
Material: Aluminum
Topics: American Indians, Westward Expansion 1803–1861, Territorial Period 1861–1907, EL, Government, Educ

This settlement was also called Choctaw City and was the site of Armstrong Academy, established by the Choctaw Nation in 1845. The Choctaw National Council met in the main hall of the academy for twenty years. Chahte Tamaha served as the Confederate capital during the Civil War. Delegates to a meeting of the United Nations of Indian Territory met here at the beginning of the Civil War to ally with the Confederacy. Armstrong Academy continued as a Choctaw boys school until a fire destroyed the building in 1919.

Colbert Family

Bryan County
Location: on OK-199, thirteen miles east of Madill in Fort Washita Cemetery
Material: Granite
Topics: American Indians, Government

For 200 years, some of the most famous tribal leaders of the Chickasaw Nation came from this family. Their leadership abilities were well-known and utilized during negotiations with the federal government. The marker is a tribute to Charley Colbert, auditor of the Chickasaw Nation.

Colbert's Ferry

Bryan County
Location: on US-69 in Colbert
Topics: Transportation, American Indians, Government, Social/Cultural, Westward Expansion 1803–1861

Colbert's Ferry was located on the Red River about three-fourths of a mile from the home of Benjamin F. Colbert. Colbert owned the ferry that provided travelers with a safe journey across the river. Colbert's home served as a stop on the Butterfield Mail Route from 1858 to the early days of the Civil War. The Colbert post office was established here on November 17, 1853.


Bryan County
Location: on US-69 on north side of Durant
Topics: American Indians, Government, Territorial Period 1861–1907, Early Statehood 1907–1941

The town of Durant was named for Dixon Durant, member of a prominent Choctaw-French family in the Choctaw Nation. The first Durant post office was established on February 20, 1879. Durant was home to one of the state's greatest leaders, Robert Lee Williams, a member of the constitutional convention, chief justice of the Oklahoma Supreme Court, governor of Oklahoma, a federal district judge, and judge of the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals.

Fisher's Station

Bryan County
Location: two miles south of US-70, four miles west of Durant
Material: Granite
Topics: Social/Cultural, Transportation, Government, Social/Cultural

In 1857, Congress created the Butterfield Overland Mail Route to carry mail and passengers between St. Louis, Missouri, and Memphis, Tennessee, and points west. It was the first real transcontinental link between the Atlantic states and the Pacific Coast of the United States. There were twelve stations along a 197-mile route in Oklahoma, including Fisher's.

Fort McCulloch

Bryan County
Location: on OK-48 west of Kenefic
Material: Aluminum
Topics: Government, Military, Territorial Period 1861–1907

Brigadier General Albert Pike built Fort McCulloch in 1862 as a major Confederate stronghold in Indian Territory. The post was named for Brigadier General Ben McCullough who was killed in the Battle of Pea Ridge. During the Civil War, the fort was home to 3,000 soldiers and eighteen pieces of artillery. The post was abandoned soon after Pike was relieved of his command in the fall of 1862.

Fort Washita

Bryan County
Location: on OK-199 east of Lake Texoma bridge, thirteen miles east of Madill
Material: Originally aluminum, now granite
Topics: Military, Government, Territorial Period 1861–1907

The site for Fort Washita was selected by the post's first commander, and later President of the United States, Zachary Taylor. US Army troops manned the fort from April 23, 1843, until it was abandoned to Confederate forces on May 1, 1861. After the Civil War, the fort was never again used as a military installation, but the post office remained open until May 1880.

General Douglas Hancock Cooper

Bryan County
Location: on OK-199, thirteen miles east of Madill in Fort Washita Cemetery
Material: Granite
Topics: American Indians, Government, Military, Westward Expansion 1803–1861, Territorial Period 1861–1907

General Cooper was appointed as the US Indian agent to the Choctaws in 1853 and to the Chickasaws in 1856. He consolidated the two agencies and moved them to Fort Washita. When the Civil War began, Cooper's friend, Confederate President Jefferson Davis, appointed him Choctaw-Chickasaw agent for the Confederacy. As commander of the Choctaw-Chickasaw Confederate mounted riflemen, he saw much action. He later was promoted to commander of the Indian Territory Military District, C.S.A., and was named Superintendent of Indian Affairs by President Davis. He died at Fort Washita in 1879 and is buried in an unmarked grave.

Julia Jackson Chapter United Daughters of the Confederacy

Bryan County
Location: near Douglas Cooper monument at Fort Washita
Material: Granite
Topics: American Indians, Social/Cultural, Territorial Period 1861–1907, Military

Sponsored by the Julia Jackson Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, the nearby granite marker honors Douglas Hancock Cooper, the first Confederate agent for the Choctaws and Chickasaws and later commander of the Choctaw-Chickasaw Mounted Rifles.

Nail's Crossing

Bryan County
Location: on east side of Blue River two miles southwest of Kenefic
Topics: Transportation, Government, Social/Cultural

Nail's Crossing was a stage stand of the Butterfield Overland Mail Route. See Fisher's Station.

Pioneer Cemetery

Bryan County
Location: at entrance to Pioneer Cemetery in Durant
Sponsored by: Daughters of the American Revolution
Topics: Social/Cultural, American Indians, Westward Expansion 1803–1861, Government

The Pioneer Cemetery was first used as a burial plot for family members of Fisher Durant, who settled the area following removal of the Choctaws from Mississippi in 1834. Also in the cemetery is the grave of Dixon D. Durant, founder of the town of Durant.

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